缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Paspalum vaginatum

来源:
来源:
来源:botany.si.edu
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Poaceae
123512

Smithsonian Institution-缅甸植物名录
种拉丁名:

Paspalum vaginatum

属拉丁名:Paspalum
种下等级:
作者名:Sw.
生境:Grass
分布:Reported from Myanmar
COMMON_NAMES:Biscuit grass, Kikuyu grass
来源:botany.si.edu

Efloras
所属科:Poaceae
父拉丁名:Paspalum
分类等级:种

Paspalum vaginatum

海雀稗
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200025849
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 22
9. Paspalum vaginatum Swartz, Prodr. 21. 1788.

海雀稗 hai que bai

Digitaria vaginata (Swartz) Magnier ex Debeaux; Paspalum distichum subsp. vaginatum (Swartz) Maire; Paspalum distichum var. vaginatum (Swartz) Grisebach; Sanguinaria vaginata (Swartz) Bubani.

Perennial with short rhizome and long stolons. Culms solitary or tufted, many-noded, 10–50 cm tall. Leaf sheaths imbricate, often keeled, margins membranous; leaf blades distichous, linear, rather stiffly ascending, 2.5–15 × 0.3–0.8 cm, apex acute; ligule 0.5–1 mm. Inflorescence of (1–)2(–3) racemes arising together at culm apex; racemes 2–5 cm, usually closely approximate when young, later spreading; spikelets single, in 2 rows; rachis 1–2 mm wide. Spikelets pale brownish green, narrowly lanceolate-oblong, strongly flattened, 3.5–4 mm, acute; lower glume absent or rarely a tiny vestige; upper glume thinly papery, weakly 5-veined, midvein often suppressed, glabrous; lower lemma resembling upper glume; upper lemma pale green, 2.5–3 mm, shorter than spikelet, cartilaginous, apex minutely pubescent. Fl. and fr. Jun–Sep.

Sandy seashores, swamps, along the margins of slow-moving streams. Hainan, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Yunnan [tropics and subtropics throughout the world].

This is one of the first plants to colonize the seashore. It is an efficient sand binder and a common saltmarsh plant, where it may form pure stands. It is sometimes also found in inland saline marshes.


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Paspalum vaginatum Sw.

中文名:海雀稗
经济利用类型:
分类等级:种
父级中文名:雀稗属
父级拉丁名:Paspalum L.
科拉丁名:GRAMINEAE (POACEAE)
科中文名:禾本科
中国植物志卷册:10(1)
全文:10.海雀稗(台湾的禾草)图版89;1-5
Paspalum vaginatum Sw. Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. 21. 1788; Hitchc. Man. Grass. Unit. Stat. 928. 1951: Bor, Grass. Brum. Ceyl. Ind. Pakist. 314. 1960; Back. et al. Fl. Java 3: 569. 1968; Gill. et al. Fl. Malaya 3: 182. 1971: 台湾植物志5: 589. 1978; Cope in Nasir. Fl. Europ. 5: 262. 1980. ——Paspalum foliosum Kunth, Rev. Gram. 1: 25. 1829. ——Paspalum distichum var. vaginatum (Sw. ) Griseb. Fl. Brit. W. Ind. 541. 1864. ——Sanguinaria vaginatum (Sw. ) Bub. Fl. Pyren. 4: 258. 1909.
多年生。具根状茎与长匍匐茎,其节间长约4厘米,节上抽出直立的枝秆,秆高10-50厘米。叶鞘长约3厘米,具脊,大多长于其节间,并在基部形成跨覆状,鞘口具长柔毛;叶舌长约1毫米;叶片长5-10厘米,宽2-5毫米,线形,顶端渐尖,内卷。总状花序大多2枚,对生,有时1或3枚,直立,后开展或反折,长2-5厘米;穗轴宽约1.5毫米,平滑无毛;小穗卵状披针形,长约3.5毫米,顶端尖;第二颖膜质,中脉不明显,近边缘有2侧脉;第一外稃具5脉,中脉存在;第二外稃软骨质,较短于小穗,顶端有白色短毛。花药长约1.2毫米。染色体2n=20(Brown,1948:Tateoka,1962)。花果期6-9月。
产台湾、海南及云南;生于海滨及沙地。印度、马来西亚及全世界热带亚热带地区均有分布。模式标本采自拉丁美洲的牙买加。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-233-04802

中国植物物种信息-云南植物志
拉丁名:

Paspalum vaginatum Sw.

中文名:海雀稗
分类等级:种
父级中文名:雀稗属
父拉丁名:Paspalum Linn.
云南植物志卷册:9
科中文名:禾本科
科拉丁名:Poaceae (Gramineae)
生境:海滨及沙地
全文:11.海雀稗(台湾植物志)
Paspalum vaginatum Sw. (1788); Bor (1960); 台湾植物志 (1978); Clayton in Tutin (1980).
Paspalum distichum var. vaginatum (Sw.) Griseb. (1864); Sanquinaria vaginata (Sw.) Bub. (1901).
有匍匐茎的多年生草本。叶鞘上部通常无毛;小穗卵椭圆形,压扁;第一颖通常缺如;第二颖无毛,薄纸质,中脉不明显。2n=20。
本种植株形态与双穗雀稗 P. paspalodes (Michx.) Scribner 十分相似。除本种小穗第二颖光滑无毛外,其他性状区别甚小。此外,本种的染色体2n=20,而那个种2n=60。
产陆良、宾川、腾冲、永德、双江;生于海拔1000—1800米的沟边、湖边、旷野湿地。分布于台湾。
全球热带也有。


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Paspalum vaginatum Poaceae * D?ll Fl. Bras. 2(2): 75 1877
Paspalum vaginatum Poaceae * Elliott Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1(2): 109 1816
Paspalum vaginatum Poaceae ! Sw. Prodr. 21 1788

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
50681698 Paspalum vaginatum Botanische Jahrbücher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie. Stuttgart [etc.] Schweizerbart [etc.] v.57 (1920-1922)
50694793 Paspalum vaginatum SIDA, contributions to botany. [Dallas : W. F. Mahler, etc.] v.13 (1988)
50695896 Paspalum vaginatum Teysmannia. Batavia, G. Kolff. pt.24 (1914)
50694653 Paspalum vaginatum Arnaldoa : revista del Herbario HAO. Trujillo, Peru : Universidad Antenor Orrego de Trujillo, v.14:no.1-2 (2007)
50688230 Paspalum vaginatum Plant life of Alabama. An account of the distribution, modes of association, and adaptations of the flora of Alabama, to… Washington, Govt. Print. Off.,
50688185 Paspalum vaginatum The freshwater swamp-forest of South Johore and Singapore / Singapore : Botanic Gardens, Parks & Recreation Dept., [ser.4]:Suppl.1
50694794 Paspalum vaginatum A sketch of the botany of South Carolina and Georgia /by Stephen Elliott. Charleston, S.C. : J.R. Schenck, v. 1
50694718 Paspalum vaginatum Directory of Wetlands of International Importance. 1990
50694682 Paspalum vaginatum Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Washington, D.C. : Smithsonian Institution Press, v.18 (1914-1917)
50695885 Paspalum vaginatum Memoirs of the San Diego Society of Natural History. San Diego, Calif. : The Society, 12 (1981)