缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Brachiaria mutica

来源:
来源:
来源:botany.si.edu
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Poaceae
124465

Smithsonian Institution-缅甸植物名录
种拉丁名:

Brachiaria mutica

属拉丁名:Brachiaria
种下等级:
作者名:(Forssk.) Stapf
生境:Grass
分布:Cultivated
COMMON_NAMES:Para grass, Than-ma-nii-myet
Urochloa mutica (Forssk.) T.Q. Nguyen
来源:botany.si.edu
种拉丁名:

Brachiaria mutica

属拉丁名:Brachiaria
种下等级:
作者名:(Forssk.) Stapf
生境:Grass
分布:Cultivated
COMMON_NAMES:Para grass, Than-ma-nii-myet
Urochloa mutica (Forssk.) T.Q. Nguyen
来源:botany.si.edu

Efloras
所属科:Poaceae
父拉丁名:Brachiaria
分类等级:种

Brachiaria mutica

巴拉草
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200024965
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 22
1. Brachiaria mutica (Forsskål) Stapf in Prain, Fl. Trop. Africa. 9: 526. 1919.

巴拉草 ba la cao

Panicum muticum Forsskål, Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 20. 1775; Brachiaria purpurascens (Raddi) Henrard; P. barbinode Trinius; P. purpurascens Raddi; Urochloa mutica (Forsskål) T. G. Nguyen.

Robust perennial. Culms stout, trailing and rooting freely from lower nodes, ascending to 2 m, 5–8 mm in diam., nodes densely villous. Leaf sheaths villous or glabrous; leaf blades broadly linear, 10–30 × 1–2 cm, thinly pilose or subglabrous; ligule membranous, 1–1.3 mm. Inflorescence axis 7–20 cm; racemes 10–20, 5–15 cm, single, paired or grouped; rachis narrow, winged, scabrous; spikelets paired or single in upper part of raceme, in untidy rows or sometimes on short secondary branchlets in lower part of raceme; pedicels usually setose. Spikelets elliptic, green or purplish, 2.5–3.5 mm, glabrous, acute; lower glume triangular, 1/4–1/3 spikelet length, 1-veined; upper glume 5-veined; upper lemma rugulose, apex obtuse. Fl. and fr. Aug–Nov.

Forming a dense cover along streams and in other wet places, sometimes forming floating rafts. Fujian, Hong Kong, cultivated in Taiwan [tropical Africa and America].

This is a forage grass (Para Grass) widely cultivated in tropical regions of the world and often found as a naturalized escape. Its country of origin is unknown.


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Brachiaria mutica (Forssk.) Stapf

中文名:巴拉草
经济利用类型:
分类等级:种
父级中文名:臂形草属
父级拉丁名:Brachiaria Griseb.
科拉丁名:GRAMINEAE (POACEAE)
科中文名:禾本科
中国植物志卷册:10(1)
全文:7.巴拉草(台湾植物志)
Brachiaria mutica (Forsk.) Stapf in Prain, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 526. 1919; E. G. Camus et A. Camus in L'ecomte, Fl. Gen. L'Indo-chine 7: 434. 1922; Ohwi in Acta Phytotax. et Grobot. 11: 43. 1942;台湾的禾草485. 1971; 台湾植物志5: 530. Pl. 1422. 1978; H. B. Gill et al. Fl. Malaya 3: 178. 1971. ——Panicum musicum Forsk. Fl. Aegypt. -Arab. 20. 1775.——Panicum purpurascens Raddi ex Opiz in Fl. 266. 1822. non nud. et Nees, Agrost Brasil 240. 1829.——Panicum barbinoce Trin. in Mem. Acad. Sci. Petesb. 6 (2): 256. 1834.
多年生草本,高1.5-2.5米。秆粗壮,节上有毛。叶鞘长11-14厘米,无毛或鞘口有毛;叶舌长约0.8毫米;叶片扁平,长约30厘米,宽1.5-2厘米,两面光滑,基部或边缘多少有毛。圆锥花序长约20厘米,由10-15枚总状花序组成;总状花序长5-10厘米;小穗长约3.2毫米;第一颖长约1毫米,具1脉;第二颖等长于小穗,具5脉;第一小花雄性,其外稃长约3毫米,具5脉,有近等长的内稃;第二外稃长约2.5毫米,骨质。染色体2n=36 (Hunter, 1934;Nath Swaminathan,1957)。
分布美国、非洲、印度及热带许多地方;我国台湾引种栽培,作牧草。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-233-04697

中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Brachiaria mutica (Forssk.) Stapf

植物种信息:4697
种中文名:巴拉草
属拉丁名:Brachiaria
属中文名:臂形草属
科拉丁名:Gramineae
科中文名:禾本科
生境:本种没有生境资料
海拔下限:0
海拔上限:0
经度:东经120-122°E(台湾省:高雄-台湾省:花莲)
纬度:北纬23-25°N(台湾省:高雄-台湾省:台北)
凭证标本:本种没有凭证标本资料
引种栽培:人工引种栽培
国内分布:台湾省: 高雄, 花莲, 台北, 新竹
国外分布:非洲; 非洲热带; 美洲大陆
是否中国特有:否


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Brachiaria mutica Poaceae (Forssk.) Stapf Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 526 1919

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
35657542 Brachiaria mutica Family #15, Gramineae / Richard W. Pohl. [Chicago] : Field Museum of Natural History, n.s. no.4(1980)
35658842 Brachiaria mutica Manual de plantas de Costa Rica /B.E. Hammel ... [et al.] editores ; Silvia Troyo, ilustraciones. St. Louis, Mo. : Missouri Botanical Garden, v.3 (2003) [ser. v.93]
35657557 Brachiaria mutica The Gardens' bulletin; Straits Settlements. Singapore : Botanic Gardens, Singapore, ser.3:v.4
35658846 Brachiaria mutica Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. Brisbane : Queensland Museum, v.21:pt.2 (1984)
35656308 Brachiaria mutica Cooperative economic insect report. Hyattsville, MD. [etc.] Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs Animal and Plant Health Service. v. 23 (July-Dec. 1973)
35655108 Brachiaria mutica ao men zhi wu zhi zong suo yin 澳门植物志总索引 ao men te bie hang zheng qu min zheng zong shu yuan lin lv hua bu zhong guo ke xue yuan hua nan zhi澳门特别行政区民政总署园林绿化部,中国科学…
35656313 Brachiaria mutica Energy reserves and agronomic characteristics of four limpograsses (Hemarthria altissima (Poir) Stapf et C.E. Hubb) for …
35660075 Brachiaria mutica Moscosoa : contribuciones científicas del Jardín Botánico Nacional 'Dr. Rafael M. Moscoso'. Santo Domingo : El Jardín, v.15 (2007)
35658841 Brachiaria mutica La biodiversidad en Veracruz : estudio de estado México : Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad (CONABIO), v.1 (2011)
35658832 Brachiaria mutica The journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. Bombay : Bombay Natural History Society, v.72 (1975)