缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium lowianum

来源:GBIF
来源:中国植物志
来源:botany.si.edu
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
124631

Smithsonian Institution-缅甸植物名录
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium lowianum

属拉丁名:Cymbidium
种下等级:
作者名:(Rchb. f.) Rchb. f.
生境:Epiphyte
分布:Kachin, Yangon
COMMON_NAMES:Pan-thetshe-kya
Cyperorchis lowiana (Rchb. f.) Schltr.
来源:botany.si.edu
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium lowianum

属拉丁名:Cymbidium
种下等级:
作者名:(Rchb. f.) Rchb. f.
生境:Epiphyte
分布:Kachin, Yangon
COMMON_NAMES:Pan-thetshe-kya
Cyperorchis lowiana (Rchb. f.) Schltr.
来源:botany.si.edu
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium lowianum

属拉丁名:Cymbidium
种下等级:var. iansonii
作者名:(Rolfe) Cribb & Du Puy
生境:Epiphyte
分布:Chin, Kachin, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Shan
COMMON_NAMES:
Cymbidium iansonii Rolfe
来源:botany.si.edu

Efloras
所属科:Orchidaceae
父拉丁名:Cymbidium
分类等级:种

Cymbidium lowianum

碧玉兰
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=242316361
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 25
17. Cymbidium lowianum (H. G. Reichenbach) H. G. Reichenbach, Gard. Chron., n.s.,. 11: 332. 1879.

碧玉兰 bi yu lan

Plants epiphytic or lithophytic, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs narrowly ellipsoid, slightly bilaterally flattened, 6-13 × 2-6 cm, enclosed in leaf bases. Leaves 5-7, lorate, 65-80 × 2-3.6 cm, articulate 6-9 cm from base, apex shortly acuminate or subacute. Inflorescence arising from within sheaths at base of pseudobulb, suberect or arching, 60-80 cm; rachis 10-20- or more flowered; floral bracts ovate-triangular, ca. 3 mm. Flowers not scented, 7-11.5 cm in diam.; pedicel and ovary 30-40 mm; sepals and petals apple-green or yellowish green with reddish brown longitudinal venation; lip pale yellow to whitish, mid-lobe with a large V-shaped red to pale chestnut or pale brown patch at apex. Sepals narrowly obovate-oblong, 40-50 × 14-16 mm, apex acute. Petals narrowly obovate-oblong, 40-50 × 8-10 mm, apex acute; lip broadly ovate, 35-40 mm, base fused to basal margins of column for 3-4 mm, 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect, triangular; mid-lobe cordate, ca. 16 × 18 mm, margin erose and slightly undulate; disk velvety hairy toward apices of lateral lobes and at center and base of mid-lobe, V-shaped patch at apex of mid-lobe also composed of dense velvety hairs, with 2 short lamellae near base of lip; lamellae minutely hairy, not extending onto mid-lobe. Column arcuate, 27-30 mm, winged, papillate or puberulent near base; pollinia 2, deltoid.

Trees in forests, cliffs along valleys; 1300-1900 m. SE and SW Yunnan [Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].

Cymbidium lowianum var. ailaoense X. M. Xu (J. S. China Agric. Univ. 26(4): 121. 2005) was described from Yunnan but could not be treated here because no specimens were seen by the present authors.


1 V-shaped blotch on mid-lobe of lip red to pale chestnut.   17a var. lowianum
+ V-shaped blotch on mid-lobe of lip pale brown.   17b var. iansonii


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Cymbidium lowianum (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f.

中文名:碧玉兰
保护植物:国家Ⅰ级保护植物
经济利用类型:药用植物 /
分类等级:种
父级中文名:大花组
父级拉丁名:Sect. Iridorchis (Bl.) P. F. Hunt
科拉丁名:ORCHIDACEAE
科中文名:兰科
中国植物志卷册:18
全文: 11.碧玉兰(植物分类学报)图版34:5
Cymbidium lowianum (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. in Gard. Chron. n. s., 11: 332. 404. fig. 56. 1879: Seidenf. in Opera Bot. 72: 86. fig. 47. 1983, et 114: 343. 1992; Du Puy et Cribb, Genus Cymbidium 123. Pl. 16. phot. 92-95. fig. 24 (4, 5). 1988: Z. H. Tsi et S. C. Chen in Acta Phytotax. Sin. 33 (3): 291. 1995: 中国兰花全书83.彩图5-8. 1998.——Cymbidium giganteum Wall. ex Lindl. var. lowianum Rchb. f. in Gard. Chron n. s., 7: 685. 1877. ——Cyperorchis lowiana (Rchb. f.) Schltr. in Fedde Repert. Sp. Nov. 20: 108. 1924. ——Cymbidium hookerianum Rchb. f. var. lowianum (Rchb. f.) Y. S. Wu et S. C. Chen in Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18 (3): 303. fig. 2 (2). 1980.
附生植物;假鳞茎狭椭圆形,略压扁,长6-13厘米,宽2-5厘米,包藏于叶基之内。叶5-7枚,带形,长65-80厘米,宽2-3.6厘米,先端短渐尖或近急尖,关节位于距基部6-9厘米处。花葶从假鳞茎基部穿鞘而出,近直立、平展或外弯,长60-80厘米;总状花序具10-20朵或更多的花;花苞片卵状三角形,长约3毫米;花梗和子房长3-4厘米;花直径7-9厘米,无香气;萼片和花瓣苹果绿色或黄绿色,有红褐色纵脉,唇瓣淡黄色,中裂片上有深红色的锚形斑(或V形斑及1条中线);萼片狭倒卵状长圆形,长4-5厘米,宽1.4-1.6厘米;花瓣狭倒卵状长圆形,与萼片近等长,宽8-10毫米;唇瓣近宽卵形,长3.5-4厘米,3裂,基部与蕊柱合生达3-4毫米;侧裂片上被毛,尤其在前部密生短毛;中裂片上在锚形斑区密生短毛,边缘啮蚀状并稍呈波状;唇盘上2条纵褶片肥厚,从距基部7-9毫米处延伸到中裂片基部下方,上面生有细毛;蕊柱长2.7-3厘米,向前弯曲,两侧具翅,腹面基部有乳突或短毛;花粉团2个,三角形。花期4-5月。
产云南西南部至东南部(盈江、龙陵、沧源、绿春、勐腊、勐海、景洪、金平)。生于林中树上或溪谷旁岩壁上,海拔1300-1900米。缅甸和泰国也有分布。模式标本采自缅甸。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-027-34893

中国植物物种信息-云南植物志
拉丁名:

Cymbidium lowianum (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f.

中文名:碧玉兰
分类等级:种
父级中文名:兰属
父拉丁名:Cymbidium Sw.
云南植物志卷册:14
科中文名:兰科
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
生境:林中树上,溪谷旁岩壁
全文:12.碧玉兰(植物分类学报)
Cymbidium lowianum (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. (1879)*; Seidenf. (1983*, 1992); Du Puy et Cribb (1988)*; Z. H. Tsi et S. C. Chen (1995); 中国兰花全书 (1998)*; 中国植物志 (1999)*.
Cymbidium giganteum Wall. ex Lindl. var. lowianum Rchb. f. (1877); Cyperorchis lowiana (Rchb. f.) Schltr. (1924); Cymbidium hookerianum Rchb. f. var. lowianum (Rchb. f.) Y. S. Wu et S. C. Chen (1980)*.
附生植物。假鳞茎狭椭圆形,略压扁,长约6—13厘米,宽2—5厘米,包藏于叶基之内。叶5—7枚,带形,长65—80厘米,宽2—3.6厘米,先端短渐尖或近急尖,关节位于距基部6—9厘米处。花葶从假鳞茎基部穿鞘而出,近直立、平展或外弯,长60—80厘米;总状花序具10—20朵或更多的花;花苞片卵状三角形,长约3毫米;花梗和子房长3—4厘米;花直径7—9厘米,无香气;萼片和花瓣苹果绿色或黄绿色,有红褐色纵脉,唇瓣淡黄色,中裂片上有深红色的锚形斑(或V形斑及1条中线);萼片狭倒卵状长圆形,长4—5厘米,宽1.4—1.6厘米;花瓣狭倒卵状长圆形,与萼片近等长,宽8—10毫米;唇瓣近宽卵形,长3.5—4厘米,3裂,基部与蕊柱合生达3—4毫米;侧裂片被毛,尤其在前部密生短毛;中裂片上在锚形斑区密生短毛,边缘啮蚀状并稍呈波状;唇盘上2条纵褶片肥厚,从距基部7—9毫米处延伸到中裂片基部下方,上面生有细毛;蕊柱长2.7—3厘米,向前弯曲,两侧具翅,腹面基部有乳突或短毛;花粉团2个,三角形。花期4—6月。
产盈江、龙陵、沧源、勐腊、勐海、景洪、思茅东山、绿春、文山、金平;附生于海拔750—1900米的林中树上或溪谷旁岩壁上。分布于缅甸和泰国。
全草入药,用于跌打、骨折、扭伤、外伤出血、筋伤。
国内地理分布:云南省: 景洪, 勐海, 勐腊

中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium lowianum (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f.

植物种信息:34893
种中文名:碧玉兰
属拉丁名:Cymbidium
属中文名:兰属
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
科中文名:兰科
生境:生境:林中树上,溪谷旁岩壁
海拔下限:1300
海拔上限:1900
经度:东经101-102°E(云南省:景洪-云南省:勐腊)
纬度:北纬21-22°N(云南省:勐腊-云南省:景洪)
凭证标本:吉占和263 吉占和91-675 吉占和92-020
引种栽培:非人工引种栽培
国内分布:云南省: 景洪, 勐海, 勐腊
是否中国特有:否


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Cymbidium lowianum Orchidaceae ! (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. Gard. Chron., n.s., 11: 332, f. 56 (pg. 405) 1879

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
31322390 Cymbidium lowianum A biochemic basis for the study of problems of taxonomy, heredity, evolution, etc., with especial reference to the starc… Washington, D.C. Carnegie institution of Washington pt.1
31322422 Cymbidium lowianum Carnegie Institution of Washington publication. Washington, Carnegie Institution of Washington, no. 270, pt. 1 (1919)
31321311 Cymbidium lowianum A biochemic basis for the study of problems of taxonomy, heredity, evolution, etc., with especial reference to the starc… Washington, D.C. : Carnegie Institution of Washington, 2
31322392 Cymbidium lowianum A biochemic basis for the study of problems of taxonomy, heredity, evolution, etc., with especial reference to the starc… Washington, D. C., Carnegie Institution of Washington,
31321294 Cymbidium lowianum A biochemic basis for the study of problems of taxonomy, heredity, evolution, etc., with especial reference to the starc… Washington, D. C., Carnegie Institution of Washington,
31321285 Cymbidium lowianum The American florist : a weekly journal for the trade. Chicago : American Florist Company, v.34 1910
31329096 Cymbidium lowianum The Garden: an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches. London, v.66 1904
31329085 Cymbidium lowianum Carnegie Institution of Washington publication. Washington, Carnegie Institution of Washington, no. 270, pt. 2 (1919)
31322459 Cymbidium lowianum The Garden: an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches. London, v.75 1911
31322406 Cymbidium lowianum Bulletin of miscellaneous information / London : H.M. Stationery Office, 1898

相关连数据 GBIF:Global Biodiversity Information Facility
详细信息种拉丁名SCIENTIFIC NAME分类分布
1228041904 Cymbidium lowianum Cymbidium lowianum (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. Myanmar (Burma)
1423612186 Cymbidium lowianum Cymbidium lowianum (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. Myanmar (Burma)
912036696 Cymbidium lowianum Cymbidium iansonii Rolfe ORCHIDACEAE
1228023586 Cymbidium lowianum Cymbidium lowianum (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. Myanmar (Burma)