缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Gynocardia odorata

来源:
来源:
来源:botany.si.edu
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Achariaceae
125048

Smithsonian Institution-缅甸植物名录
种拉丁名:

Gynocardia odorata

属拉丁名:Gynocardia
种下等级:
作者名:R. Br.
生境:Tree
分布:Sagaing, Shan, Taninthayi, Yangon
COMMON_NAMES:Joung-pung, Kalaw
来源:botany.si.edu

Efloras
所属科:Flacourtiaceae
父拉丁名:Gynocardia
分类等级:种

Gynocardia odorata

马蛋果
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=220005929
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 13
1. Gynocardia odorata R. Brown in Roxburgh, Pl. Coromandel. 3: 95. 1820.

马蛋果 ma dan guo

Chaulmoogra odorata Roxburgh; Chilmoria dodecandra Buchanan-Hamilton.

Trees, evergreen, to 30 m tall; twig tips and branchlets glabrous; bark brown, not flaking; branchlets terete; winter buds ovoid-orbicular. Petiole 1-3 cm, usually glabrous, sometimes sparsely appressed puberulous; leaf blade greenish abaxially, deep green adaxially, nearly concolored when dry, oblong-elliptic, rarely ovate-oblong or obovate-oblong, 13-20 × 5-10 cm, leathery, lateral veins 4-8 pairs, conspicuous abaxially, reticulate veins parallel, margin entire, slightly uneven, base rounded or acute-cuneate, apex rounded, contracting abruptly to a short narrow acumen. Pedicels 2.5-5 cm, sparsely appressed hairy or glabrous. Staminate flowers 3-4 cm in diam., fragrant; calyx lobes ca. 7 mm, obtuse to rounded, outside glabrous or with short, sparse, appressed hairs; petals yellowish green, oblong or slightly obovate, 1.5-2 cm, glabrous, apex obtuse; epipetalous scale oblong or ovate, ca. 6 × 4 mm, densely ciliate, apex obtuse; stamens ca. 1 cm, filaments villous, anthers ca. 5 mm. Pistillate flowers larger than staminate flowers; petals ca. 2.5 cm; staminodes 10-15, villous; styles short, slender; stigmas peltate or cordate. Berry yellowish brown, globose, (5-)8-12 cm in diam.; pericarp grayish, ca. 5 mm thick, woody, rugose, glabrous. Seeds numerous, variable in shape and size, usually obovoid to ellipsoid, 2.5-3 cm, hilar region large, silvery gray. Fl. Jan-Feb, fr. Jun-Aug.

Moist sparse forests of mountain valleys; 800-1000 m. SE Xizang (Mêdog), SE Yunnan [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal].


中国植物物种信息-云南植物志
拉丁名:

Gynocardia odorata R. Br.

中文名:马蛋果
分类等级:种
父级中文名:马蛋果属
父拉丁名:Gynocardia R. Br.
云南植物志卷册:6
科中文名:大风子科
科拉丁名:Flacourtiaceae
生境:潮湿山谷疏林中
全文:1.马蛋果(植物分类学报)图版65,1—3
野沙梨(屏边),阿比坦(墨脱)
Gynocardia odorata R. Br. in Roxb. (1820)*; Bennett (1838); Hook. f. et Thoms. in Hook. f. (1872); Kurz (1877); Gilg in Engl. u. Prantl (1925)*; 陈嵘 (1953); C. Y. Wu et Wang (1957); Whitmore in Hara et al. (1979); 西藏植物志 (1986).
Chaulmoogra odorata Roxb. (1814), nom. nud. et (1832), descr. Chilmoria dodecandra Buch. -Ham. (1822).
常绿乔木,高达30米,胸径可达40厘米;树皮4—7毫米厚,淡褐色或灰黄色,密被“+”或“Y”形皮孔;全株无毛。叶片长圆形至椭圆状披针形,基部楔形或近圆形,长11—15厘米,宽4—6厘米,侧脉7—9对,在上面平坦,下面与中脉一同显著隆起,网脉不明显,顶端渐突尖,边缘全缘,微反卷;叶柄长1—1.5厘米。花淡黄色,径3—4厘米,花序柄长3—4厘米;雌花:芳香,丛生于树干和大分枝的节上,退化雄蕊羽状分裂;雄花:雄蕊多数,花丝具绵毛。浆果大,球形,径10—12厘米,生于树干或大树枝上,果柄2—4厘米,粗壮,外果皮厚而坚硬;种子多数,藏于果肉中。
产屏边,生海拔1000—1100米的山地或沟谷常绿阔叶林中;西藏(墨脱)亦有。锡金至缅甸也有分布。
木材好,是高级家具、细木工器具的好材料;种子含有大风子油,是医治麻疯病的有效药物;果肉可食,但不宜过量;树形美观,也是良好的观赏树种。

中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Gynocardia odorata R. Br.

种中文名:马蛋果
属拉丁名:Gynocardia
属中文名:马蛋果属
科拉丁名:Kiggelariaceae
科中文名:大风子科
生境:生境: 常绿阔叶林中, 林中, 丘陵半常绿林中, 山谷
海拔下限:800
海拔上限:1100
经度:东经95-114°E(西藏自治区:墨脱-香港特区:香港)
纬度:北纬22-29°N(香港特区:香港-西藏自治区:墨脱)
凭证标本:ETM1459 ETM2839 冯国楣5037
引种栽培:非人工引种栽培
国内分布:云南省: 滇越边境区, 金平, 屏边; 西藏自治区: 墨脱
国外分布:缅甸; 印度东北部
是否中国特有:否
种拉丁名:

Gynocardia odorata R.

植物种信息:24368
其它中文俗名:野沙梨(屏边、阿比坦(西藏墨脱)
种中文名:马蛋果
属拉丁名:Gynocardia
属中文名:马蛋果属
科拉丁名:Flacourtiaceae
科中文名:大风子科
生境:生境:潮湿山谷疏林中
海拔下限:1000
海拔上限:1100
引种栽培:非人工引种栽培
是否中国特有:否


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Gynocardia odorata Achariaceae Roxb. Pl. Coromandel 3: 95–96, pl. 299 1819 [1820]

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
49426383 Gynocardia odorata J. M. Nickell's Botanical ready reference : especially designed for druggists and physicians ... / Chicago, Ill. : Nickell,
49418900 Gynocardia odorata Catalogue of the collections / London : Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain,
49430230 Gynocardia odorata Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder. Berlin, Gebr. Borntraeger, Jahrg. 36, Abt. 3 (1908)
49425165 Gynocardia odorata Report of the Board of Commissioners of Agriculture and Forestry of the Territory of Hawaii for the period ... Honolulu.
49425163 Gynocardia odorata Repertorium annuum literaturae botanicae periodicae. Harlemi : Erven Loosjes, t.8
49428953 Gynocardia odorata The vegetable kingdom, or, The structure, classification, and uses of plants illustrated upon the natural system / London : Bradbury & Evans,
49423897 Gynocardia odorata The gazetteer of Sikhim. With an introduction by H.H. Risley. Ed. in the Bengal government secretariat. Calcutta : Printed at the Bengal secretariat press,
49427660 Gynocardia odorata Der Tropenpflanzer; zeitschrift für tropische landwirtschaft. Berlin. 22
49417666 Gynocardia odorata Nature. London, Macmillan. 19
49422691 Gynocardia odorata The Philippine journal of science. Manila : Bureau of Science v.23 (1923)