缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Sauropus quadrangularis

来源:GBIF
来源:中国植物志
来源:botany.si.edu
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Phyllanthaceae
125639

Smithsonian Institution-缅甸植物名录
种拉丁名:

Sauropus quadrangularis

属拉丁名:Sauropus
种下等级:
作者名:Muell. Arg.
生境:Shrub
分布:Wide
COMMON_NAMES:
来源:botany.si.edu

Efloras
所属科:Euphorbiaceae
父拉丁名:Sauropus
分类等级:种

Sauropus quadrangularis

方枝守宫木
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=242346569
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 11
12. Sauropus quadrangularis (Willdenow) Müller Argoviensis, Linnaea. 32: 73. 1863.

方枝守宫木 fang zhi shou gong mu

Phyllanthus quadrangularis Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 4: 585. 1805; Aalius ceratogynum Kuntze; A. compressa (Müller Argoviensis) Kuntze; A. pubescens (J. D. Hooker) Kuntze; A. quadrangularis (Müller Argoviensis) Kuntze; A. rigida (Thwaites) Kuntze; Ceratogynum rhamnoides Wight; P. leschenaultii Müller Argoviensis var. tenellus Müller Argoviensis; P. rhamnoides Roxburgh (1832), not Retzius (1788); Sauropus ceratogynum Baillon; S. compressus Müller Argoviensis; S. concinnus Collett & Hemsley; S. pubescens J. D. Hooker; S. quadrangularis Müller Argoviensis var. compressus (Müller Argoviensis) Airy Shaw; S. rigidus Thwaites.

Erect shrubs to 1 m tall, monoecious, glabrous [to hirsute] throughout; stem gray-brown; branchlets 4-angled or compressed. Stipules lanceolate [to sometimes strongly falcate], 1-2[-2.7] × 0.7-1.2[-3.5 when falcate] mm; petiole 1-1.3 mm; leaf blade ovate, elliptic, or rounded, 5-20(-25) × 3-12 mm, membranous or thinly papery, base rounded or obtuse, apex rounded or obtuse, mucronate; venation pinnate, lateral veins 4 or 5 pairs, slender, obliquely ascending, not raised. Inflorescence subtended by leaves, 1- or 2-flowered. Male flowers 2-3 mm; calyx discoid, ca. 1.5 mm in diam., 6-lobed; sepals apex obtuse or retuse; disk scales very short; anthers spreading. Female flowers: pedicels 2.3-4.3 mm; sepals subobovate, apex acute; disk 6-lobed; ovary small, apex concave, with crenulate rim; stigmas erect. Capsules ovoid, 5-5.5 × ca. 4 mm, rather woody when dry, with lobed rim around stigmas, exocarp thin, spreading, ± stellate when dry. Seeds 3-angled, ca. 3.5 × 2 × 2 mm. Fl. Jun-Oct, fr. Sep-Dec.

Open forests or valley scrub, broad-leaved forests; 100-2100 m. Guangxi, Xizang, Yunnan [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].

Sauropus quadrangularis has distinctive ovaries and fruits, longer than wide and with usually erect stigmas inserted in an apical depression delineated by a distinct rim. Varieties based on variation in stem morphology, whether the branchlets are 4-angled or compressed and only 2-angled (var. compressus), and in indumentum (var. pubescens), are not well-founded as these characters can vary within populations.


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Sauropus quadrangularis (Willd.) Müll. Arg.

中文名:方枝守宫木
经济利用类型:
分类等级:种
父级中文名:守宫木组
父级拉丁名:Sect. Sauropus
科拉丁名:EUPHORBIACEAE
科中文名:大戟科
中国植物志卷册:44(1)
全文:10.方枝守宫木(植物分类学报)四角越南菜(云南种子植物名录)
Sauropus quadrangularis (Willd.) Muell. Arg. in Linnaea 32: 73. 1863, et in DC. Prodr. 15(2): 242. 1866; Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. 5: 335. 1887; Pax et Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. 81 (IV. 147. XV): 223. 1921; Gamble, Fl. Pre s. Madras 2: 1303. 1925; Beille in Lec. Fl. Gen. Indo-Chine 5: 654. 1927; Airy Shaw in Kew Bull. 26 (2): 337. 1972; P. T. Li in Acta Phytotax. Sin 25: 135. 1987. ——Phyllanthus quadrangularis Wiild. Sp. Pl. 4: 585. 1805. —— P. rhamnoides Roxb. Fl. Ind. 3: 663. 1832; non Willd. (1805) , nec Sauropus rhamnoides Bl. (1825).
灌木,高达1米;茎皮灰褐色;小株四棱形,着生稠密的叶,呈羽状排列;全株无毛。叶片膜质或薄纸质,卵形、椭圆形或近圆形,长5-20(-25)毫米,宽3-12毫米,顶端钝或圆,有小凸尖,基部圆或钝;侧脉每边4-5条,纤细,斜上升;叶柄长1毫米;托叶长三角形,长1-2毫米。花雌雄同株,1-2朵腋生;雄花:花梗长2-3毫米;花萼盘状,直径约1.5毫米,6深裂,裂片顶端钝或微凹;花盘裂片腺体状,反折;雄蕊3,花丝中部以下 合生呈短柱状;雌花:花梗长1-3毫米;花萼直径4-6毫米,6裂至基部,裂片近倒卵 形,顶端骤尖;子房小,顶端边缘波状,花柱外弯紧贴子房,顶端2裂。蒴果扁球状,直径约8毫米,外果皮薄,成熟后呈星状裂开;宿存花萼通常存在;种子长约2毫米。
产于广西扶绥、那坡和云南河口、屏边等地,生于海拔100-1750米山地疏林下或山 谷灌木丛中。分布于印度、泰国、越南和柬埔寨等。模式标本采自印度东部。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-221-19152

中国植物物种信息-云南植物志
拉丁名:

Sauropus quadrangularis (Willd.) Muell. Arg.

中文名:方枝守宫木
分类等级:种
父级中文名:守宫木属
父拉丁名:Sauropus Bl.
云南植物志卷册:10
科中文名:大戟科
科拉丁名:Euphorbiaceae
全文:7. 方枝守宫木(植物分类学报)
四角越南菜(云南种子植物名录)
Sauropus quadrangularis (Willd.) Muell. Arg. (1863), et in DC. (1866); Hook. f. (1887); Airy Shaw (972); P. T. Li (1987); 中国植物志 (1994)*; Govaerts, Frodin et Radcl.-Sm. (2000).
Phyllanthus quadrangularis Willd. (1805).
灌木,高达1米;全株无毛。茎皮灰褐色;小株四棱形,着生稠密的叶,呈羽状排列。叶片膜质或薄纸质,卵形、椭圆形或近圆形,长5-20(-25)毫米,宽3-12毫米,先端钝或圆,有小凸尖,基部圆或钝;侧脉每边4-5条,纤细,斜上升;叶柄长1毫米;托叶长三角形,长1-2毫米。花雌雄同株,1-2朵腋生;雄花:花梗长2-3毫米;花萼盘状,直径约1.5毫米,6深裂,裂片顶端钝或微凹;花盘裂片腺体状,反折;雄蕊3,花丝中部以下合生呈短柱状;雌花:花梗长1-3毫米;花萼直径4-6毫米,6裂至基部,裂片近倒卵形,顶端骤尖;子房小,顶端边缘波状,花柱外弯紧贴子房,顶端2裂。蒴果扁球状,直径约8毫米,外果皮薄,成熟后呈星状裂开;宿存花萼通常存在;种子长约2毫米。
产河口、屏边;生于海拔100-1750米的山地疏林下或山谷灌木丛中。分布于广西。印度、泰国、越南和柬埔寨等也有。

中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Sauropus quadrangularis (Willd.) Muell. Arg. var. quadrangularis

植物种信息:19154
其它中文俗名:四角越南菜(云南种子植物名录)
种中文名:方枝守宫木(原变种)
属拉丁名:Sauropus
属中文名:守宫木属
科拉丁名:Euphorbiaceae
科中文名:大戟科
种下等级:种下等级:b.Sauropus quadrangularis (Willd.) Muell.-Arg. var. compressus (Muell.-Arg.) Airy Shaw
生境:生境:山地疏林下或山谷灌木丛中
海拔下限:100
海拔上限:1750
经度:东经104-110°E(云南省:河口-广西自治区:阳朔)
纬度:北纬22-25°N(云南省:河口-广西自治区:阳朔)
凭证标本:毛品一5320
引种栽培:人工引种栽培
国内分布:广西自治区: 武鸣, 阳朔; 云南省: 滇缅老越边境区, 滇越边境区, 河口; 中国:,
国外分布:喜马拉雅山东部; 印度
是否中国特有:否
种拉丁名:

Sauropus quadrangularis (Willd.) Muell. Arg. var. compressus (Muell. Arg.)

植物种信息:19157
其它中文俗名:扁缩守宫木(拉汉种子植物名称)
种中文名:扁枝守宫木
属拉丁名:Sauropus
属中文名:守宫木属
科拉丁名:Euphorbiaceae
科中文名:大戟科
生境:生境:山地常绿阔叶林下
海拔下限:2100
海拔上限:2100
引种栽培:非人工引种栽培
是否中国特有:否


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Sauropus quadrangularis Phyllanthaceae (Willd.) Müll. Arg. Linnaea 32: 73 1863

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
43300442 Sauropus quadrangularis Index Kewensis plantarum phanerogamarum : nomina et synonym omnium generum et specierum a linnaeo usque as annum MDCCLXX… Oxford : Clarendon Press, Vol. 2 pt. 1
43300432 Sauropus quadrangularis Bengal plants : a list of the phanerogams, ferns and fern-allies indigenous to, or commonly cultivated in, the Lower pro… Calcutta : Botanical Survey of India v. 2
43301753 Sauropus quadrangularis The journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. Bombay : Bombay Natural History Society, v.61 (1964)
43304314 Sauropus quadrangularis Records of the Botanical Survey of India. Calcutta : Office of Supt. of Govt. Print., India, v.2 (1902-1904)
43301751 Sauropus quadrangularis The journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. Bombay : Bombay Natural History Society, v.40:pt.1-2 (1938)
43303058 Sauropus quadrangularis Preliminary report on the forest and other vegetation of Pegu. Calcutta C.B. Lewis, Baptist Mission Press
43301767 Sauropus quadrangularis Mededeelingen uitgaande van het Departement van Landbouw. Batavia : G. Kolff & Co., Bd.12 (1910) [v.10]
43300441 Sauropus quadrangularis guang xi zhi wu zhi di er juan zhong zi zhi wu guang xi ke xue ji shu chu ban she 2
43301755 Sauropus quadrangularis The journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. Bombay : Bombay Natural History Society, v.75 (1978:Dec.)
43300440 Sauropus quadrangularis guang xi zhi wu zhi di er juan zhong zi zhi wu guang xi ke xue ji shu chu ban she 2

相关连数据 GBIF:Global Biodiversity Information Facility
详细信息种拉丁名SCIENTIFIC NAME分类分布
912222338 Sauropus quadrangularis Sauropus quadrangularis (Willd.) Müll.Arg. PHYLLANTHACEAE