缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Allium tuberosum

来源:
来源:中国植物志
来源:botany.si.edu
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Amaryllidaceae
126143

Smithsonian Institution-缅甸植物名录
种拉丁名:

Allium tuberosum

属拉丁名:Allium
种下等级:
作者名:Roxb.
生境:Herb
分布:Cultivated
COMMON_NAMES:Gyu-myit, Indian leek
来源:botany.si.edu

Efloras
所属科:Liliaceae
父拉丁名:Allium
分类等级:种

Allium tuberosum

Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200027544
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 24
32. Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2: 38. 1825.

韭 jiu

Allium argyi H. Léveillé; A. chinense Maximowicz (1859), not G. Don (1827); A. clarkei J. D. Hooker; A. roxburghii Kunth; A. sulvia Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don; A. tuberosum Roxburgh (1832); A. uliginosum G. Don (1827), not Ledebour (1830); A. yesoense Nakai.

Bulbs clustered, cylindric; tunic dull yellow to yellowish brown, reticulate to subreticulate. Leaves linear, shorter than scape, 1.5--8 mm wide, flat, solid, margin smooth. Scape 25--60 cm, terete, usually 2-angled, covered with leaf sheaths only at base. Spathe 2- or 3-valved, persistent. Umbel hemispheric to subglobose, laxly many flowered. Pedicels subequal, 2--4 × as long as perianth, bracteolate and several covered with a common bract at base. Perianth white; segments usually with green or yellowish green midvein; outer ones oblong-ovate to oblong-lanceolate, 4--7(--8) × 1.8--3 mm; inner ones oblong-obovate, 4--7(--8) × 2.1--3.5 mm. Filaments narrowly triangular, equal, 2/3--4/5 as long as perianth segments, connate at base and adnate to perianth segments; inner ones slightly wider than outer at base. Ovary obconical-globose, minutely tuberculate, without concave nectaries at base. Fl. and fr. Jul--Sep. 2 n = 16*, 24*, 32*.

Among shrubs, also widely cultivated as a vegetable; 1000--1100 m. Native in SW Shanxi (Yongji Xian); naturalized S China [tropical Asia].

Allium tuberosum is generally regarded as a cultivated species with a tetraploid chromosome number (2 n = 32), although a wild population was recently discovered in Shanxi Province with a diploid number (2 n = 16; Yang et al., Acta Phytotax. Sin. 36: 36--46. 1998). This species has leaves solid and perianth segments usually with a green or yellowish green midvein, whereas its close wild relative, A. ramosum, differs in having leaves fistulose and perianth segments with a pale red midvein. One of us (Xu) agrees with Stearn (Herbertia 11: 238. 1946) that the name A. tataricum Linnaeus f. (Suppl. Pl. 196. 1782) should be regarded as a synonym of A. ramosum. On the other hand, Kamelin regards A. tataricum as a synonym of A. tuberosum over which name it would have priority. He bases his opinion on two specimens (LE), labeled as A. tataricum and made from plants cultivated during the 1790s in the St. Petersburg Botanical Garden, and on his belief that only A. tuberosum never A. ramosum, has been cultivated. However, Kamelin has observed that these two specimens have fistulose leaves, which suggests that they are A. ramosum, unless this character is not diagnostic for the two species. Xu has not seen the specimens but notes that they could be cultivated A. ramosum because, as noted by Stearn (loc. cit.: 229), A. ramosum was already in cultivation in Europe by 1750. Therefore, A. tataricum is here treated as a synonym of A. ramosum, based on Xu’s opinion. The nomenclature of the two species remains unstable because, although the type of A. tuberosum (B) supports the current application of that name, no type has yet been designated for either A. ramosum or A. tataricum. Further studies are required in order to resolve the classification.


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng.

中文名:
经济利用类型:药用植物 /果蔬植物 /
分类等级:种
父级中文名:根茎组
父级拉丁名:Sect. Rhiziridium G. Don
科拉丁名:LILIACEAE
科中文名:百合科
中国植物志卷册:14
全文: 25. 韭 图47
Allium tuberosum Rottl. ex Spreng. , Syst. Veg. 2: 38. 1825; Stearn in Herbertia 11: 239. 1946; Harold E. Moore in Bailiya 2: 117, 120. 1955; Stearn in Bull. Brit. Mus. Bot. 2 (6): 179. 1960.——A. sulvia Buch. -Ham. ex D. Don. Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 53. 1825.——A. uliginosum G. Don, Monogr. All. 60. 1827. non Ledeb. (1829) ——A. tuberosum Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 2: 141. 1832.——A. roxburghii Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 454. 1843.——A. chinense Maxim., Prim. Pl. Amur. 284. 1859, non G. Don (1827)——A. clarkei Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 344. 1892. ——A. argyi Levl. , Nouv. Contrib. Liliac. etc. Chine 16. 1906.——A. yesoense Nakai in Bot. Mag. Tokyo 36: 117. 1922.
具倾斜的横生根状茎。鳞茎簇生,近圆柱状;鳞茎外皮暗黄色至黄褐色,破裂成纤维状,呈网状或近网状。叶条形,扁平,实心,比花葶短,宽1.5-8毫米,边缘平滑。花葶圆柱状,常具2纵棱,高25-60厘米,下部被叶鞘;总苞单侧开裂,或2-3裂,宿存;伞形花序半球状或近球状,具多但较稀疏的花;小花梗近等长,比花被片长2-4倍,基部具小苞片,且数枚小花梗的基部又为1枚共同的苞片所包围;花白色;花被片常具绿色或黄绿色的中脉,内轮的矩圆状倒卵形,稀为矩圆状卵形,先端具短尖头或钝圆,长4-7 (-8) 毫米,宽2.1-3.5毫米,外轮的常较窄,矩圆状卵形至矩圆状披针形,先端具短尖头,长4-7(-8)毫米,宽1.8-3毫米;花丝等长,为花被片长度的2/3-4/5,基部合生并与花被片贴生,合生部分高0.5-1毫米,分离部分狭三角形,内轮的稍宽;子房倒圆锥状球形,具3圆稜,外壁具细的疣状突起。花果期7-9月。
全国广泛栽培,亦有野生植株,但北方的为野化植株。原产亚洲东南部。现在世界上已普遍栽培。叶、花葶和花均作蔬菜食用;种子入药。
本种与野韭 A. ramosum L. 极为相似,有时在标本上很难区别。不同处在于野韭的叶为三棱状条形,背面因纵棱隆起而成龙骨状,中空,花被片常具红色中脉,此外叶缘和沿纵棱常具细的糙齿,这一特征也可供参考。至于花被片的长短,花丝的长短以及蒴果裂爿的形态虽有人认为可作分种根据,但据我们的观察它们的性状是不很稳定而交叉的。
在市上供应的韭、中,特别是南部地区,有的叶为中空的近三棱状条形,由于未见到花,其地位尚待进一步研究。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-263-05294

中国植物物种信息-云南植物志
拉丁名:

Allium tuberosum Roettler ex Sprengel

中文名:韭菜
分类等级:种
父级中文名:葱属
父拉丁名:Allium L.
云南植物志卷册:8
科中文名:石蒜科
科拉丁名:Amaryllidaceae
全文:12.韭菜
韭(诗经,名医别录)
Allium tuberosum Roettler ex Sprengel (1825); Stearn (1960), in Hara (1978); 图鉴 (1976)*; 海南植物志 (1977); Kitagawa (1979); 中国植物志 (1980)*; 西藏植物志 (1987)*; 横断山区维管植物 (1994); H. Koba et al. (1994).
A. sulvia Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don (1825); A. odorum auct. non L. (1767); Hook. f. (1892) et auct pl.; C. H. Wright (1903); Hand.-Mazz. (1936); A. uliginosum G. Don (1827), non. Ledeb. (1829); A. tuberosum Roxb. (1814) nom. nud.; (1832)descr., non Roettl. ex Spreng. (1825); Baker (1874); Hook. f. (1892); A. roxburghii Kunth (1843); A. chinense Maxim. (1859) non G. Don (1827); A. clarkei Hook. f. (1892); A. argyi. Lévl. (1906); A. yesoense Nakai (1922).
植株高30—60厘米,具斜行的根状茎。鳞茎簇生,近圆柱状,外皮黄褐色、暗褐色、破裂成网状或近网状的纤维鞘。叶4—6枚,线形、扁平、实心,短于花葶,长25—45厘米,宽1.5—8毫米,边缘平滑。花葶圆柱状,常具2纵棱,高25—60厘米,下部6—11厘米包藏于叶鞘内;总苞单侧开裂,或2—3裂,宿存;伞形花序半球状或近球状,花多,较稀疏;花梗等长,比花被长,长10—20厘米,基部具小苞片,每数枚花梗又有一共同的苞片;花白色,花被片中脉绿色或黄绿色,内轮的长圆形、卵状长圆形,先端具短尖头或钝圆,长4—7(—8)毫米,宽2.1—3.5毫米,外轮的常较窄,长圆状卵形至长圆披针形,先端具短尖头,长4—7(—8)毫米,宽1.8—3毫米,花丝等长,长3—5毫米,短于花被,基部合生并与花被片贴生,合生部分高0.5—1毫米,分离部分三角形,内轮的稍宽;子房绿色,倒圆锥状球形,具3圆棱,外壁具细的疣状突起。花果期7—9月。
各地广泛栽培,全国及世界各地栽培。原产亚洲东南部。
全株均作蔬菜食用;花序可盐渍作咸菜;种子入药,用于胸痛、胸闷、心绞痛、胁肋刺痛、咳嗽、慢性支气管炎、慢性胃炎、痢疾。

中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Allium tuberosum Rottl. ex Spreng.

植物种信息:5294
种中文名:
属拉丁名:Allium
属中文名:葱属
科拉丁名:Liliaceae
科中文名:百合科
生境:生境: 草丛, 耕地, 宅边
海拔下限:1800
海拔上限:2500
经度:东经90-122°E(新疆自治区:奇台-浙江省:宁波)
纬度:北纬19-44°N(海南省:海南岛-新疆自治区:奇台)
凭证标本:朱和卿531
引种栽培:人工引种栽培
国内分布:陕西省: 秦岭地区; 新疆自治区: 奇台, 全疆; 江苏省: 常熟, 南京, 南通; 安徽省: 皖南; 上海市: 上海; 浙江省: 长兴, 杭州, 湖州, 临海, 宁波, 天目山, 天台, 仙居; 江西省: 德兴, 九江, 庐山, 南昌, 武宁, 修水, 玉山; 福建省: 崇安, 古田, 浦城, 邵武; 湖北省: 鄂东, 各地; 湖南省: 长沙, 全省散见, 株州; 海南省: 海南岛; 广东省: 车八岭, 岭南, 南澳岛, 三灶岛, 上川岛, 徐闻, 阴那山; 云南省: 横断山; 西藏自治区: 墨脱; 中国: 大别山地区, 广布, 华北地区, 沙漠地区
国外分布:东南亚地区; 欧洲; 世界广布; 喜马拉雅山地; 亚洲; 亚洲东南部; 俄罗斯阿尔泰地区; 美国; 印度东北部
是否中国特有:否


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Allium tuberosum Amaryllidaceae ** Roxb. Fl. Ind., ed. 1832 2: 141 1832
Allium tuberosum Amaryllidaceae Rottler ex Spreng. Syst. Veg. 2: 38 1825

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
26352157 Allium tuberosum e la han zhong zhi zhi wu ming chen (shi yong ben ) ke xue chu ban she
26357303 Allium tuberosum xi an zhi wu zhi shan xi ke xue ji shu chu ban she
26352164 Allium tuberosum The flora of British India /By J. D. Hooker assisted by various botanists. Published under the authority of the secretar… London : L. Reeve, v.6 (1894)
26352165 Allium tuberosum The flora of British India /By J. D. Hooker assisted by various botanists. Published under the authority of the secretar… London : L. Reeve, v.6 (1894)
26352156 Allium tuberosum e er duo si zhi wu zhi nei meng gu ren min chu ban she 2
26357292 Allium tuberosum Species Blancoanae :a critical revision of the Philippine species of plants described by Blanco and by Llanos /by E.D. M… Manila : Bureau of Printing,
26353450 Allium tuberosum guang zhou chang jian jing ji zhi wu 中国植物学会广州分会编
26354730 Allium tuberosum jiang xi sheng lu shan zi ran bao hu qu sheng wu duo yang xing kao cha yu yan jiu ke xue chu ban she
26357309 Allium tuberosum xin jiang sheng wu duo yang xing xin jiang ke xue ji shu chu ban she
26358596 Allium tuberosum you hua zhi wu ke zhi shuang zi ye zhi wu shang wu yin shu guan 2