缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium erythraeum

来源:GBIF
来源:中国植物志
来源:
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
126470

Efloras
所属科:Orchidaceae
父拉丁名:Cymbidium
分类等级:种

Cymbidium erythraeum

长叶兰
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=242316337
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 25
14. Cymbidium erythraeum Lindley, J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3: 30. 1858.

长叶兰 chang ye lan

Plants epiphytic or lithophytic, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs ovoid, bilaterally flattened, 2-6 × 1.5-3 cm, enclosed in leaf bases. Leaves distichous, 5-12, deep green tinged purple at base, lorate, 35-90 × 0.7-1.5 cm, articulate 2.5-6.5 cm from base. Inflorescence arising from within sheaths at base of pseudobulb, suberect or arching, 40-75 cm, slender; rachis 23-29 cm, 3-8-flowered; floral bracts subtriangular, 2-4 mm. Flowers fragrant, 6.5-8 cm in diam.; pedicel and ovary 25-43 mm; sepals and petals green with heavy reddish brown longitudinal stripes and irregular spots of same color, or uniformly greenish yellow; lip pale yellow or white with red-brown venation on lateral lobes and a few red-brown spots and a central longitudinal dash on mid-lobe, or white with yellow venation on lateral lobes and scattered yellow spots on mid-lobe. Sepals narrowly oblong-oblanceolate to narrowly obovate-oblong, 34-52 × 7-14 mm, apex acute to obtuse. Petals falcate, ligulate, 33-53 × 4-7 mm, apex acute; lip elliptic-ovate, 24-43 mm, base fused to basal margins of column for 2-3 mm, 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect, subovate, sometimes shortly ciliate; mid-lobe slightly recurved, cordate to ensiform, 8-9 × 10-11 mm, sometimes sparsely shortly hairy; disk densely hairy at apices of lateral lobes, papillate near base and on mid-lobe, with 2 puberulent lamellae extending to base of mid-lobe; lamellae slightly swollen toward apices. Column 23-32 mm, narrowly winged, sparsely hairy toward base; pollinia 2, subtriangular. Capsule fusiform-ellipsoid, 40-50 × 20-30 mm. Fl. Oct-Jan, fr. Mar-May. 2n = 40, 42.

Trees and rocks at forest margins and in forests; 1400-2800 m. C and SW Guizhou, SW Sichuan, SE Xizang, NW, SE, and W Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Vietnam].


1 Sepals and petals green, heavily flushed red-brown; lip pale yellow or white with red-brown venation on lateral lobes and red-brown spots on mid-lobe.   14a var. erythraeum
+ Sepals and petals uniformly greenish yellow; lip white with yellow venation on lateral lobes and yellow spots on mid-lobe.   14b var. flavum


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Cymbidium erythraeum Lindl.

中文名:长叶兰
保护植物:国家Ⅰ级保护植物
经济利用类型:
分类等级:种
父级中文名:大花组
父级拉丁名:Sect. Iridorchis (Bl.) P. F. Hunt
科拉丁名:ORCHIDACEAE
科中文名:兰科
中国植物志卷册:18
全文:8.长叶兰(中国高等植物图鉴)
Cymbidium erythraeum Lindl. in J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Bot. 3: 30. 1859; Y. S. Wu et S. C. Chen in Acta Phytotax, Sin. 18 (3): 303. fig. 3 (8). 1980. “erythraecum”;西藏植物志5: 816.图447. 1987; Du Puy et Cribb, Genus Cymbidium 118. phot. 88, 89. fig. 23 (3). 1988;中国兰花 (第二版) 63.1993;横断山区维管植物2: 2601. 1994;中国兰花全书82.彩图5-7. 1998.——Cymbidium longifolium auct. non D. Don: Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orch. Pl. 163. 1833; 中国高等植物图鉴5: 749.图8328. 1976. ——Cyperorchis longifolia (D. Don) Schltr. in Fedde Repert. Sp. Nov. 20: 108. 1924.
附生植物;假鳞茎卵球形,长2-5厘米,宽1.5-3厘米,包藏于叶基之内。叶5-11枚,二列,带形,长60-90厘米,宽7-15毫米,从中部向顶端渐狭,基部紫色,关节位于距基部3-6.5厘米处。花葶较纤细,近直立或外弯,长25-75厘米;总状花序具3-7朵或更多的花;花苞片近三角形,长2-4毫米;花梗和子房长2.5-4.3厘米;花直径7-8厘米,有香气;萼片与花瓣绿色,但由于有红褐色脉和不规则斑点而呈红褐色,唇瓣淡黄色至白色,侧裂片上有红褐色脉,中裂片上有少量红褐色斑点和1条中央纵线;萼片狭长圆状倒披针形,长3.4-5.2厘米,宽7-14毫米;花瓣镰刀状,长3.5-5.3厘米,宽3.5-7毫米,斜展;唇瓣近椭圆状卵形,长3-4.3厘米,3裂,基部与蕊柱合生达2-3毫米;侧裂片直立,被短毛,上部较多,边缘有时有短缘毛;中裂片心形至肾形,上面有小乳突,多少散生短毛;唇盘上2条褶片自下部延伸到中裂片基部;褶片上面密生短毛,顶端肥厚;蕊柱长2.3-3.2厘米,两侧具翅,下部有疏毛;花粉团2个,近三角形。蒴果梭状椭圆形,长4-5厘米,宽2-3厘米。花期10月至次年1月。
产四川西南部、云南西北部至东南部和西藏(波密、察隅、墨脱)。生于林中或林缘树上或岩石上,海拔1400-2800米。尼泊尔、不丹、锡金、印度、缅甸也有分布。模式标本采自锡金。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-027-34890

中国植物物种信息-云南植物志
拉丁名:

Cymbidium erythraeum Lindl.

中文名:长叶兰
分类等级:种
父级中文名:兰属
父拉丁名:Cymbidium Sw.
云南植物志卷册:14
科中文名:兰科
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
生境:林中,林缘树上,岩石上
全文:9.长叶兰(图鉴)图版97: 3—5
Cymbidium erythraeum Lindl. (1859); Y. S. Wu et S. C. Chen (1980)*; 西藏植物志 (1987)*; Du Puy et Cribb (1988)*; 中国兰花 (1993); 独龙江地区植物 (1993); 横断山区维管植物 (1994); 中国兰花全书 (1998)*; 中国植物志 (1999); 高黎贡山植物 (2000).
Cyperorchis longifolia (D. Don) Schltr. (1 924); Cymbidium longifolium auct. non D. Don (1825): Lindl. (1833); Hook. f. (1890); King et Pantl. (1898); Rolfe (1903); Nakao (1964)*; 图鉴 (1976)*.
附生植物。假鳞茎卵球形,长2—5厘米,宽1.5—3厘米,包藏于叶基之内。叶5—11枚,二列,带形,长60—90厘米,宽7—15毫米,从中部向顶端渐狭,基部紫色,关节位于距基部3—6.5厘米处。花葶较纤细,近直立或外弯,长25—75厘米;总状花序具3—7朵或更多的花;花苞片近三角形,长2—4毫米;花梗和子房长2.5—4.3厘米;花直径7—8厘米,有香气;萼片与花瓣绿色,但由于有红褐色脉和不规则斑点而呈红褐色,唇瓣淡黄色至白色,侧裂片上有红褐色脉,中裂片上有少量红褐色斑点和1条中央纵线;萼片狭长圆状倒披针形,长3.4—5.2厘米,宽7—14毫米;花瓣镰刀状,长3.5—5.3厘米,宽3.5—7毫米,斜展;唇瓣近椭圆状卵形,长3—4.3厘米,3裂,基部与蕊柱合生达2—3毫米;侧裂片直立,被短毛,上部较多,边缘有时有短缘毛;中裂片心形至肾形,上面有小乳突,多少散生短毛;唇盘上2条褶片自下部延伸到中裂片基部;褶片上面密生短毛,顶端肥厚;蕊柱长2.3—3.2厘米,两侧具翅,下部有疏毛;花粉团2个,近三角形。蒴果梭状椭圆形,长4—5厘米,宽2—3厘米。花期10月至次年1月,果期10—11月。
产贡山、宾川、临沧、墨江、峨山、江川、元江、富民、西畴、蒙自西南、屏边;生于海拔1200—2800米的沟边阔叶林树上、石上或路旁林下。分布于西藏、四川、贵州。尼泊尔、不丹、锡金、印度东北部、缅甸北部均有分布。
国内地理分布:云南省: 滇东南, 滇越边境区, 福贡, 高原地区, 贡山, 金沙江河谷, 蒙自; 西藏自治区: 波密, 察隅, 墨脱

中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium erythraeum Lindl.

植物种信息:34890
种中文名:长叶兰
属拉丁名:Cymbidium
属中文名:兰属
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
科中文名:兰科
生境:生境:林中,林缘树上,岩石上
海拔下限:1400
海拔上限:2800
经度:东经95-105°E(西藏自治区:墨脱-云南省:金沙江河谷)
纬度:北纬23-30°N(云南省:蒙自-西藏自治区:波密)
凭证标本:Henry1100 独龙江队无号
引种栽培:非人工引种栽培
国内分布:云南省: 滇东南, 滇越边境区, 福贡, 高原地区, 贡山, 金沙江河谷, 蒙自; 西藏自治区: 波密, 察隅, 墨脱
国外分布:缅甸北部; 锡金; 印度东北部
是否中国特有:否


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Cymbidium erythraeum Orchidaceae ! Lindl. J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3: 30 1859

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
22797208 Cymbidium erythraeum The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany. London : the Society : Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts & Green :||Williams and Norgate, v.36 (1903-1905)
22706034 Cymbidium erythraeum The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany. London : the Society : Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts & Green :||Williams and Norgate, v.36 (1903-1905)
22706036 Cymbidium erythraeum yun nan zhi wu zhi ke xue chu ban she 14
22706030 Cymbidium erythraeum Checklist of CITES Species and Annotated CITES Appendices and Reservations CITES Secretariat, UNEP-WCMC 2005
22706032 Cymbidium erythraeum Checklist of CITES Species and Annotated CITES Appendices and Reservations CITES Secretariat, UNEP-WCMC 2005
22797214 Cymbidium erythraeum yun nan zhi wu zhi ke xue chu ban she 14
22797200 Cymbidium erythraeum Checklist of CITES Species and Annotated CITES Appendices and Reservations CITES Secretariat, UNEP-WCMC 2005
22797206 Cymbidium erythraeum The journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. Bombay : Bombay Natural History Society, v.69;Index:v.43-53 (1972)
22797202 Cymbidium erythraeum Checklist of CITES Species and Annotated CITES Appendices and Reservations CITES Secretariat, UNEP-WCMC 2005
22706035 Cymbidium erythraeum Naufrage en eaux troubles; roman. Paris, Presses de la cité xia ce

相关连数据 GBIF:Global Biodiversity Information Facility
详细信息种拉丁名SCIENTIFIC NAME分类分布
1423611106 Cymbidium erythraeum Cymbidium erythraeum Lindl. Myanmar (Burma)