缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Ischaemum ciliare

来源:GBIF
来源:
来源:
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Poaceae
126796

Efloras
所属科:Poaceae
父拉丁名:Ischaemum
分类等级:种

Ischaemum ciliare

细毛鸭嘴草
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=242327183
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 22
4. Ischaemum ciliare Retzius, Observ. Bot. 6: 36. 1791.

细毛鸭嘴草 xi mao ya zui cao

Andropogon patentivillosus Steudel; Ischaemum ciliare var. villosum (Nees) Hackel; I. indicum (Houttuyn) Merrill var. breviaristatum Zhao; I. indicum var. guangdongense Zhao; Spodiopogon obliquivalvis Nees var. villosus Bentham; S. vil-losus Nees.

Perennial. Culms slender, loosely tufted, erect, spreading or prostrate and rooting at lower nodes, up to 60 cm tall, nodes bearded. Leaf sheaths sparsely to densely pilose with tubercle-based hairs, or glabrous; leaf blades linear-lanceolate, 5–15 × 0.3–1 cm, tuberculate-villous or sometimes glabrous, base contracted, apex acuminate; ligule 1–2 mm. Racemes terminal, paired, often slightly separated, 2–9 cm; rachis internodes and pedicels oblong, triquetrous, ciliate along angles. Sessile spikelet obovate-oblong, 4–6 × 1.2–1.5 mm; lower glume smooth, glossy, leathery with rounded flanks in lower half, upper half flat, papyraceous, sometimes wrinkled, asperulous, flanks keeled, winged, wings 0.2–0.7 mm wide, forming 2 rounded lobes at apex; upper glume swollen and keeled above middle, keel narrowly winged, apex shortly awned; awn of upper lemma 1–1.5 cm. Pedicelled spikelet laterally compressed; lower glume with a single median winged keel; upper lemma awned.

Moist meadows, field margins, hill thickets; near sea level to 1300 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; introduced in America].

This grass has been widely known as Ischaemum indicum (Houttuyn) Merrill (Phleum indicum Houttuyn), but that name in fact refers to a species of Polytrias. Ischaemum ciliare is a very variable species, widespread in tropical Asia, and a number of varieties has been described over its range.


中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Ischaemum ciliare Retz.

种中文名:纤毛鸭嘴草
属拉丁名:Ischaemum
属中文名:鸭嘴草属
科拉丁名:Gramineae
科中文名:禾本科
种下等级:Ischaemum indicum (Houtt.) Merr.; Ischaemum indicum (Houtt.) Merr. var. breviaristatum Zhao; Ischaemum indicum (Houtt.) Merr. var. guandongense Zhao; Ischaemum indicum (Houtt.) Merr. var. piliferum Zhao
生境:生境: 河滩, 湖滩, 开阔地, 开阔地草甸, 路边, 山坡, 山坡草丛中, 山坡草甸, 向阳草甸
海拔下限:250
海拔上限:2000
经度:东经101-122°E(云南省:景东-台湾省:台北)
纬度:北纬19-31°N(海南省:海南岛-江苏省:宜兴)
凭证标本:Tanoka No.82373 铃木时夫20553 刘念等1563 刘守炉22925 彭华和白波463 吴万春40221
引种栽培:非人工引种栽培
国内分布:江苏省: 宜兴; 安徽省: 黄山, 九华山, 宁国; 浙江省: 杭州, 瑞安, 泰顺; 江西省: 大余, 德兴, 分宜, 广昌, 南昌, 新建, 新田, 玉山; 福建省: 崇安, 光泽, 建宁, 建阳, 邵武; 台湾省: 苗栗, 南投, 台北, 台东, 台湾岛, 台中, 桃园, 新竹, 彰化; 湖北省: 黄梅, 江汉平原, 武汉; 湖南省: 郴州, 道县, 洞口, 嘉禾, 江华, 江永, 蓝山, 临武, 宁远, 祁阳, 双牌, 湘南, 宜章, 芷江; 海南省: 海南岛; 广东省: 车八岭, 大东山, 乐昌, 连平, 始兴, 沿海岛屿, 英德; 广西自治区:,, 凤凰山, 环江, 罗城, 马山, 全区广布, 融水; 重庆市: 重庆; 贵州省: 册亨, 独山; 云南省:, 滇缅老越边境区, 景东
国外分布:东南亚地区; 非洲; 非洲热带; 亚洲; 亚洲热带; 印度
是否中国特有:否


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Ischaemum ciliare Poaceae Retz. Observ. Bot. 6: 26 1791

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
31532598 Ischaemum ciliare The flora of British India /By J. D. Hooker assisted by various botanists. Published under the authority of the secretar… London : L. Reeve, v.7 (1897)
31537723 Ischaemum ciliare The Review of applied entomology. Series A, Agricultural. Farnham Royal, Eng., etc. : Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, etc. v. 7 1919
31539039 Ischaemum ciliare Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten. Stuttgart : E. Ulmer, v.24 1914
31529994 Ischaemum ciliare Atoll research bulletin. Washington, D.C. : [Smithsonian Press no.48-58 (1956-1957)
31531289 Ischaemum ciliare Botanische Jahrbücher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie. Stuttgart [etc.] Schweizerbart [etc.] v.34 (1905)
31539046 Ischaemum ciliare zhong guo zhu yao zhi wu tu shuo he ben ke ke xue chu ban she
31537724 Ischaemum ciliare A review of the identifications of the species described in Blanco's Flora de Filipinas, Manila, Bureau of public printing,
31535127 Ischaemum ciliare Index Kewensis plantarum phanerogamarum. nomina et synonyma omnium generum et specierum ab initio anni MDCCCCXXVI usque … Oxonii : e prelo Clarendoniano, Suppl. 8
31532593 Ischaemum ciliare Family #15, Gramineae / Richard W. Pohl. [Chicago] : Field Museum of Natural History, n.s. no.4(1980)
31531306 Ischaemum ciliare A dictionary of the plant names of the Philippine Islands. Manila, Bureau of public printing,

相关连数据 GBIF:Global Biodiversity Information Facility
详细信息种拉丁名SCIENTIFIC NAME分类分布
1137742174 Ischaemum ciliare Ischaemum ciliare Retz. Plantae|Magnoliopsidae|Poales|Gramineae