缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Paspalum scrobiculatum

来源:GBIF
来源:中国植物志
来源:botany.si.edu
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Poaceae
127215

Smithsonian Institution-缅甸植物名录
种拉丁名:

Paspalum scrobiculatum

属拉丁名:Paspalum
种下等级:
作者名:L.
生境:Grass
分布:Kachin, Mandalay, Yangon
COMMON_NAMES:Myet-khayan
Paspalum orbiculare Forst.
来源:botany.si.edu

Efloras
所属科:Poaceae
父拉丁名:Paspalum
分类等级:种

Paspalum scrobiculatum

鸭毑草
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200025846
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 22
11. Paspalum scrobiculatum Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 1: 29. 1767.

鸭毑草 ya jie cao

Perennial or annual. Culms tufted, slender to robust, erect or decumbent and rooting at lower nodes, 30–90(–150) cm tall. Leaf sheaths compressed, keeled, usually glabrous; leaf blades linear or linear-lanceolate, 10–40 × 0.4–1.2 cm, usually glabrous, base subrounded, margins scabrous, apex acuminate; ligule 0.5–1 mm. Inflorescence of 2–5(–8) racemes, subdigitate or on a short axis; racemes 3–10 cm, ascending to widely spreading; spikelets usually single, overlapping in 2 rows, sometimes paired especially in middle of raceme; rachis ribbonlike, 1.5–3 mm wide, margins scabrous. Spikelets green becoming brown, suborbicular, ovate or broadly elliptic, 2–3 mm, glabrous, obtuse to apiculate; upper glume membranous, 3–7-veined; lower lemma membranous or sometimes indurate, 3–5(–7)-veined; upper lemma brown at maturity, subequaling spikelet, coriaceous, finely striate, obtuse. Fl. and fr. May–Nov. 2n = 20, 40 or 60.

Roadsides, weedy places, often on damp soils. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [tropics and subtropics of the Old World; introduced in America].

This polymorphic species complex is thought to comprise an apomictic swarm. Some of its components have been described as separate species, but variation is continuous throughout. Robust forms are sometimes separated as Paspalum auriculatum J. Presl & C. Presl. Three recognizable entities are maintained here at varietal rank.


1 Spikelets, or some of them, often paired, broadly obovate, 2–2.2 mm; lower lemma 3–5-veined; upper lemma yellow-brown or mid-brown.   11c var. orbiculare
+ Spikelets single, usually suborbicular, 2–3 mm; lower lemma 5–9-veined; upper lemma dark brown at maturity   (2)
       
2 (1) Spikelets 2.5–3 mm; leaf blades usually glabrous, 10–20 × 0.4–1.2 cm.   11a var. scrobiculatum
+ Spikelets 2–2.5 mm; leaf blades usually pilose, 5–15 × 0.2–0.6 cm.   11b var. bispicatum


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Paspalum scrobiculatum L.

中文名:鸭乸草
经济利用类型:
分类等级:种
父级中文名:雀稗属
父级拉丁名:Paspalum L.
科拉丁名:GRAMINEAE (POACEAE)
科中文名:禾本科
中国植物志卷册:10(1)
全文:1.鸭乸草(华南经济禾草)图版85:1-6
Paspalum scrobiculatum L. Mant. Pl. 1: 29. 1767; Hitchc. in Lingnan. Sci Journ. 7:216. 1931; Bor, Fl. Assam 5: 253. 1940; Ohwi in Acta phytotax. et Geobot. 11: 40. 1942; 中国主要植物图说 禾本科685, 图628. 1959; Bor, Grass. Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pakist. 340. 1960; Bor in Rech. f. Fl. Iran. 70: 495. 1970; Gill. et al. Fl. Malaya 3: 185. f. 38. 1971: 台湾的禾草589. 图189. 1975; 台湾植物志5: 587. 1978; Clayt. in Nasir, Fl. pakist, 143: 213. 1982. ——Paspalum kora willd. Sp. pl. 1332. 1798.
多年生或一年生。秆粗壮,直立或基部倾卧地面,高30-90(-150)厘米。叶鞘大多无毛,长于节间或上部者短于节间,常压扁成脊;叶舌长0.5-1毫米;叶片披针形或线状披针形,长10-20厘米,宽4-12毫米,通常无毛,边缘微粗糙,顶端渐尖,基部近圆形。总状花序2-5(8)枚,长3-10厘米,着生于长2-6厘米的主轴上,直立或开展;穗轴宽1.5-2.5毫米,边缘粗糙;小穗圆形至宽椭圆形,长2.5毫米左右;第一颖不存在;第二颖具5脉;第一外稃具5-7脉,膜质或有时变硬,边缘有横皱纹;第二外稃革质,暗褐色,等长于小穗。染色体2n=40(Avdulov,1928;Larsen,1963)。花果期5-9月。
产台湾、云南、广西、海南;生长于路旁草地或低湿地,海拔在500米以下;印度等东南亚各国及世界热带地区均有分布。模式标本采自印度。饲料或有时作谷物栽培。
本种以小穗长约2.5毫米,第二颖与第一外稃有5至7脉,边缘常具横皱纹以及植株,叶片较大与邻近种有别。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-233-04772

中国植物物种信息-云南植物志
拉丁名:

Paspalum scrobiculatum Linn.

中文名:鸭乸草
分类等级:种
父级中文名:雀稗属
父拉丁名:Paspalum Linn.
云南植物志卷册:9
科中文名:禾本科
科拉丁名:Poaceae (Gramineae)
全文:9.鸭乸草(华南经济植物)
Paspalum scrobiculatum Linn. (1767); 中国主要植物图说•禾本科 (1959)*; Bor (1940, 1060, 1970); Clayton (1975); 台湾植物志 (1978); 中国植物志 (1990)*.
多年生草本。秆粗壮,直立或基部倾卧地面,有时节上生根,高30—150厘米,径粗2—5毫米,具数至多节,节上无毛。叶鞘通常无毛,长于或有时短于节间,常扁压成脊;叶舌长0.5—1毫米,干膜质,棕色;叶片线状披针形或披针形,长5—30厘米,宽4—15毫米,先端渐尖或长渐尖,基部近圆形,通常无毛,边缘稍粗糙。花序由2至多数单侧总状花序组成,指状着生或沿主轴互生;主轴长2—6(—8)厘米,有棱,无毛;总状花序长3—8厘米,直立或开展,近无梗或有短梗;穗轴近三棱形,一面扁平,宽1.5—2.5毫米,无毛,边缘粗糙;小穗柄短,两侧压扁,粗壮,无毛或棱上有微柔毛;小穗宽椭圆形或近圆形,长2—2.8毫米,未熟绿色,后变褐色;第一颖不存在;第二颖薄纸质,具5脉,边脉常靠近边缘;第一外稃与第二颖同质同形或有时稍稍变硬;第二外稃革质,成熟时褐色,表面密生细点状条纹。
产昆明、富宁、砚山、金屏、蒙自、禄春、屏边、思茅、江城、景洪、勐腊、沧源、镇康、耿马;生于海拔400—1500米的路旁草地或湿地上。分布于旧大陆热带。

中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Paspalum scrobiculatum L.

植物种信息:4772
种中文名:鸭?草
属拉丁名:Paspalum
属中文名:雀稗属
科拉丁名:Gramineae
科中文名:禾本科
生境:生境: 路旁草地或低湿地
海拔下限:100
海拔上限:500
经度:东经99-122°E(云南省:腾冲-台湾省:花莲)
纬度:北纬19-27°N(海南省:海南岛-湖南省:新晃)
凭证标本:广西抗疟调查队76432 刘念等935
引种栽培:非人工引种栽培
国内分布:台湾省: 花莲, 苗栗, 南投, 屏东, 台北, 台东, 台南, 台中, 云林; 湖南省: 新晃; 海南省: 海南岛; 广东省: 南澳岛; 广西自治区: 东兴, 防城; 云南省: 滇东南, 滇缅老越边境区, 滇南, 滇西, 滇西南, 滇越边境区, 滇中, 滇中南, 高原地区, 景洪, 澜沧红河中游区, 勐腊 ,南涧, 腾冲, 元谋
国外分布:东南亚地区; 旧世界热带; 旧世界亚热带; 热带; 印度
是否中国特有:否


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Paspalum scrobiculatum Poaceae ! L. Mant. Pl. 1: 29 1767

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
34857593 Paspalum scrobiculatum Botanische Jahrbücher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie. Stuttgart [etc.] Schweizerbart [etc.] v.17 (1893)
34860151 Paspalum scrobiculatum Bulletin du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle. Paris : Imprimerie nationale, ser.2:t.8 (1936)
34871687 Paspalum scrobiculatum Atoll research bulletin. Washington, D.C. : [Smithsonian Press no.495 (2002)
34871722 Paspalum scrobiculatum Sketch of the forestry of West Africa with particular reference to its present principal commercial products. London, S. Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington,
34862715 Paspalum scrobiculatum Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Washington, D.C. : Smithsonian Institution Press, v.30(1957)
34872969 Paspalum scrobiculatum Transactions and proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. Wellington : New Zealand Institute. v.29 (1896)
34866550 Paspalum scrobiculatum Flora of the southeastern United States; being descriptions of the seed-plants, ferns and fern-allies growing naturally … New York, The author,
34858891 Paspalum scrobiculatum Bulletin de l'Institut botanique de Buitenzorg. Buitenzorg : Db 's Lands Plantentuin, no.1 (1898)
34861420 Paspalum scrobiculatum Conspectus floræ Africæ, ou Énumération des plantes d'Afrique, par Th. Durand ... et Hans Schinz ... Bruxelles, Jardin botanique de l'état; [etc., etc.] v. 5
34861443 Paspalum scrobiculatum Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien nebst ihren Gattungen und wichtigeren Arten, insbesondere den Nutzpflanzen, unter Mitwi… Leipzig, W. Engelmann, Gesamtregister (Index) Teil 2-4

相关连数据 GBIF:Global Biodiversity Information Facility
详细信息种拉丁名SCIENTIFIC NAME分类分布
1137327248 Paspalum scrobiculatum Paspalum scrobiculatum var. bispicatum Hack. Plantae|Magnoliopsidae|Poales|Gramineae
996236855 Paspalum scrobiculatum Paspalum scrobiculatum L.
1319461411 Paspalum scrobiculatum Paspalum scrobiculatum L. Plantae, Monocotyledonae, Cyperales, Poaceae Asia-Tropical, Myanmar
1051265020 Paspalum scrobiculatum Paspalum scrobiculatum L. POACEAE
1318519499 Paspalum scrobiculatum Paspalum scrobiculatum L. Plantae, Monocotyledonae, Cyperales, Poaceae Asia-Tropical, Myanmar, Kachin
1051264986 Paspalum scrobiculatum Paspalum scrobiculatum L. POACEAE
1319914303 Paspalum scrobiculatum Paspalum scrobiculatum L. Plantae, Monocotyledonae, Cyperales, Poaceae Asia-Tropical, Myanmar, Kachin
1138274069 Paspalum scrobiculatum Paspalum orbiculare G.Forst. Plantae|Magnoliopsidae|Poales|Gramineae
993111770 Paspalum scrobiculatum Paspalum scrobiculatum L.