缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium cochleare

来源:
来源:
来源:botany.si.edu
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
128206

Smithsonian Institution-缅甸植物名录
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium cochleare

属拉丁名:Cymbidium
种下等级:
作者名:Lindl.
生境:Epiphyte
分布:Reported from Myanmar
COMMON_NAMES:
Cyperorchis cochlearis (Lindl.) Benth.
来源:botany.si.edu
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium cochleare

属拉丁名:Cymbidium
种下等级:
作者名:Lindl.
生境:Epiphyte
分布:Reported from Myanmar
COMMON_NAMES:
Cyperorchis cochlearis (Lindl.) Benth.
来源:botany.si.edu

Efloras
所属科:Orchidaceae
父拉丁名:Cymbidium
分类等级:种

Cymbidium cochleare

垂花兰
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=242412832
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 25
27. Cymbidium cochleare Lindley, J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3: 28. 1858.

垂花兰 chui hua lan

Cymbidium babae (Kudô ex Masamune) Masamune; C. kanran Makino var. babae (Kudô ex Masamune) S. S. Ying; Cyperorchis babae Kudô ex Masamune; C. cochlearis (Lindley) Bentham.

Plants epiphytic, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs often fusiform, slightly bilaterally flattened, 3-5 × 1-1.5 cm, enclosed in persistent leaf bases. Leaves 9-16(-18), distichous, lorate, 40-60(-100) × 0.8-1(-1.2) cm, articulate 3-5 cm from base, margin slightly revolute, apex acuminate. Inflorescence lateral, pendulous, 50-60 cm; peduncle dark brown, slender, with several widely spaced sheaths 10-12 cm; rachis centrifugal, 13-16(-22)-flowered; floral bracts whitish, ca. 3 mm. Flowers pendulous, bell-shaped, not opening widely; pedicel and ovary 10-18 mm; sepals and petals tawny-brown; lip yellow-green, with dense, small, purple-red spots. Sepals oblanceolate-spatulate, 40-42 × 6-7 mm, apex acute. Petals oblanceolate, 40-42 × 5-6 mm, apex acute; lip obovate, ca. 43 × 26 mm, base fused to basal margins of column for 2-3 mm, 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect and clasping column, triangular, 10-12 mm wide; mid-lobe deflexed, suborbicular, 7-7.5 mm, margin undulate; disk with a dense patch of short hairs at center of mid-lobe, with 2 lamellae; lamellae inflated and white hairy toward apex. Column ca. 35 mm, slender; pollinia 2, deeply cleft. Fl. Nov-Jan. 2n = 40.

Trees in forests; 300-1800 m. Taiwan, SW Yunnan [India, Myanmar, N Vietnam].


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Cymbidium cochleare Lindl.

中文名:垂花兰
保护植物:国家Ⅰ级保护植物
经济利用类型:
分类等级:种
父级中文名:莎草兰组
父级拉丁名:Sect. Cyperorchis (Bl.) P. F. Hunt
科拉丁名:ORCHIDACEAE
科中文名:兰科
中国植物志卷册:18
全文: 17.垂花兰(中国兰花全书)
Cymbidium cochleare Lindl. in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 3: 28. 1858; King et Pantl. in Ann. Bot. Gard. Calcutta 8: 194. Pl. 260. 1898; Du Puy et Cribb, Genus Cymbidium 147. phot. 112, 113. fig. 26 (1). 1998;台湾兰科植物彩色图志1: 294.1996; 中国兰花全书87.1998.——Cyperorchis cochlearis (Lindl.) Benth. in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 18: 317. 1881. ——Cyperorchis babae Kudo ex Masamune in J. Jap. Bot. 8: 258. 1932; 台湾兰科植物2: 131-134 (图). 1977.——Cymbidium babae (Kudo ex Masamune) Masamune in Trop. Hort. 3: 33. 1933;台湾植物志5: 950. 1978. ——Cymbidium kanran Makino var. babae (Kudo ex Masamune) S. S. Ying in Chinese Flowers 23: 7. 1976; 台湾兰科植物彩色图鉴1: 440. 1977.
本种与上种十分相似,有些学者认为应予合并,但Du Puy et Cribb在《The Genus Cymbidium》(1988)中认为两者有明显的区别:1.本种叶宽8-10毫米(上种为10-17毫米);2.总状花序具7-20朵花(上种20朵以上);3.花绿褐色,唇瓣具许多红色小斑点(上种奶油黄色至淡黄绿色,唇瓣不具或偶见少数斑点);4.花蜡质,有光泽,细弱(上种无光泽,丰满);5.唇瓣上的纵褶片仅到达唇瓣中部(上种到达唇瓣基部)。
据《台湾兰科植物》(1977)记载,本种假鳞茎几不可见,花粉团4个(裂隙深到可分为2),明显不同于上种。由于我们没有看到标本,上述记载暂录于此,以供参考。花期12月至次年1月。
产台湾(台北、高雄)。生于阴湿密林中树上,海拔300-1 000米。锡金、印度也有分布。模式标本采自锡金。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-027-34901

中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium cochleare Lindl.

植物种信息:34901
种中文名:垂花兰
属拉丁名:Cymbidium
属中文名:兰属
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
科中文名:兰科
生境:生境:阴湿密林中树上
海拔下限:300
海拔上限:1000
引种栽培:非人工引种栽培
是否中国特有:否


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Cymbidium cochleare Orchidaceae ! Lindl. J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3: 28 1858

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
21277464 Cymbidium cochleare The flora of British India /By J. D. Hooker assisted by various botanists. Published under the authority of the secretar… London : L. Reeve, v.6 (1894)
21277470 Cymbidium cochleare The Journal of the Linnean Society. Botany. London : the Society : Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts & Green :||Williams and Norgate, v.18 (1881)
21276232 Cymbidium cochleare Dictionnaire iconographique des orchidees :direction & redaction par A. Cogniaux /dessins & aquarelles par A. Goossens. Bruxelles : Imp. F. Havermans, 1896-1907. Ada
21276234 Cymbidium cochleare The flora of British India /By J. D. Hooker assisted by various botanists. Published under the authority of the secretar… London : L. Reeve, v.6 (1894)
21276224 Cymbidium cochleare Annals of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta. Calcutta : Bengal Secretariat Book Depot, v.8:pt.3-4 (1898)
21276231 Cymbidium cochleare Curtis's botanical magazine. London ; New York [etc.] : Academic Press [etc.] v.114=ser.3:v.44 (1888) [no.6973-7032]
21277469 Cymbidium cochleare Le journal des orchidées. Gand : Impr. E. Vanderhaeghen, yr. 3, 1892-1893
21276227 Cymbidium cochleare Checklist of CITES Species and Annotated CITES Appendices and Reservations CITES Secretariat, UNEP-WCMC 2005
21276229 Cymbidium cochleare Checklist of CITES Species and Annotated CITES Appendices and Reservations CITES Secretariat, UNEP-WCMC 2005
21277467 Cymbidium cochleare The Gardeners' chronicle :a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. London : [Gardeners Chronicle], n.s.:v.13 (1880)