缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium mastersii

来源:GBIF
来源:中国植物志
来源:
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
130009

Efloras
所属科:Orchidaceae
父拉丁名:Cymbidium
分类等级:种

Cymbidium mastersii

大雪兰
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=242316363
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 25
24. Cymbidium mastersii Griffith ex Lindley, Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 31: ad t. 50. 1845.

大雪兰 da xue lan

Cyperorchis mastersii (Griffith ex Lindley) Bentham.

Plants epiphytic or lithophytic, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs stemlike, usually 10-30 cm, sometimes to 1 m, growing indeterminately, completely enclosed in distichous leaf bases, rooting from basal part, occasionally producing a small plant at base. Leaves several to many, sometimes to 15-17 or more, lorate, 24-75 × 1.1-1.7(-2.5) cm, subleathery, articulate 3-6(-10) cm from base, apex unequally 2-lobed, with a mucro in sinus. Inflorescences 1 or 2, arising from leaf axils, suberect, 25-45 cm, 2-5- or more flowered; floral bracts triangular, 2-5 mm. Flowers almond-scented, usually not opening widely, 6-6.5 cm in diam.; pedicel and ovary 40-50 mm; sepals and petals white, tinged pink on outer surfaces; lip white with a central yellow patch at base of mid-lobe, lamellae yellow and occasionally with scattered purplish red spots. Sepals narrowly elliptic or broadly lanceolate-oblong, concave, 45-55(-60) × 10-15(-20) mm, apex acute. Petals broadly linear, 42-50 × 7-10 mm, apex acute; lip oblong-ovate, 40-45 mm, base fused to basal margins of column for 3-4 mm, 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect and loosely clasping column, ca. 8 mm wide; mid-lobe ovate, small, ca. 11 × 11 mm, margin undulate; disk puberulent and with a densely hairy patch at center of mid-lobe, with 2 longitudinal lamellae; lamellae convergent at their apices. Column ca. 35 mm; pollinia 2. Capsule fusiform-ellipsoid, ca. 40 × 25 mm. Fl. Oct-Dec, fr. Feb-Apr. 2n = 40.

Trees or rocks in forests; 1600-1800 m. S and W Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Thailand, N Vietnam].


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Cymbidium mastersii Griff. ex Lindl.

中文名:大雪兰
保护植物:国家Ⅰ级保护植物
经济利用类型:
分类等级:种
父级中文名:腋花组
父级拉丁名:Sect. Eburnea Seth et Cribb
科拉丁名:ORCHIDACEAE
科中文名:兰科
中国植物志卷册:18
全文:15.大雪兰(中国兰花)
Cymbidium mastersii Griff. ex Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 31: t. 50. 1845; Merrill et Metc. in Lingn. Scl. J. 21: 9. 1945; S. Y. Hu、in Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 26 (1, 2): 138. 1973; Du Puy et Cribb, Genus Cymbidium 140. Pl. 20. phot. 104, 105. fig. 25 (2). 1988;中国兰花 (第二版) 64. 1993; Z. H. Tsi et S. C. Chen in Acta Phytotax. Sin. 33 (3): 291. 1995;中国兰花全书86.图5-11.彩图5-11. 1998. ——Cyperorchis mastersii (Griff.) Benth. in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 18: 318. 1881. ——Cymbidium maguanense F. Y. Liu in Acta Bot, Yunnan. 18 (4): 412. fig. 2. 1996.
附生植物;假鳞茎延长成茎状,一般长10-30厘米,不断延长,最长可达1米以上,完全包藏于两列排列的叶基之中,在下部叶基附近发出根,偶尔在近基部处可见小植株。叶随茎的延长而不断长出,可达15-17枚或更多,带形,近革质,长24-75厘米,宽1.1-1.7(-2.5)厘米,先端不等的2裂,裂口中央有1尖凸,关节位于距基部 3-6(-10)厘米处。花葶1-2个,从下部叶腋发出,近直立,长25-45厘米;总状花序具2-5朵或更多的花;花苞片三角形,长2-5毫米;花梗和子房长4.5厘米;花直径6-6.5厘米,不完全开放,有香气,白色,外面稍带淡紫红色,唇瓣中裂片中央有一黄色斑块连接于亮黄色的褶片,偶见紫红色斑点;萼片狭椭圆形或宽披针状长圆形,长4.5-5.5(-6)厘米,宽1-1.5(-2)厘米,先端常渐尖;花瓣宽线形,长4.2-5厘米,宽7-10毫米;唇瓣长圆状卵形,长4-4.5厘米,3裂,基部与蕊柱合生达3-4毫米;侧裂片直立,宽约8毫米,稍围抱蕊柱,上面有微毛;中裂片较小,中央至基部有一密生短毛的斑块,边缘波状;唇盘上2条纵褶片下部分离,上端汇合为一;蕊柱长约3.5厘米;花粉团2个。蒴果梭状椭圆形,长约4厘米,宽2.5厘米。花期10-12月。
产云南西北部、南部至东南部。生于林中树上或岩石上,海拔1600-1800米。锡金、印度、缅甸、泰国也有分布。模式标本系栽培植物。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-027-34898

中国植物物种信息-云南植物志
拉丁名:

Cymbidium mastersii Griff. ex Lindl.

中文名:大雪兰
分类等级:种
父级中文名:兰属
父拉丁名:Cymbidium Sw.
云南植物志卷册:14
科中文名:兰科
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
生境:林中树上,岩石上
全文:15.大雪兰(中国兰花)
Cymbidium mastersii Griff. ex Lindl. (1845)*; Merrill et Metc. (1945); S. Y. Hu (1973); Du Puy et Cribb (1988)*; 中国兰花 (1993); Z. H. Tsi et S. C. Chen (1995); 中国兰花全书 (1998)*; 中国植物志 (1999).
Cyperorchis mastersii (Griff.) Benth (1881); Cymbidium maguanense F. Y. Liu (1996)*.
附生植物。假鳞茎延长成茎状,一般长10—30厘米,不断延长,最长可达1米以上,完全包藏于两列排列的叶基之中,在下部叶基附近发出根,偶尔在近基部处可见小植株。叶随茎的延长而不断长出,可达15—17枚或更多,带形,近革质,长24—75厘米,宽1.1—1.7(—2.5)厘米,先端不等的2裂,裂口中央有1尖凸,关节位于距基部3—6(—10)厘米处。花葶1—2个,从下部叶腋发出,近直立,长25—45厘米;总状花序具2—5朵或更多的花;花苞片三角形,长2—5毫米;花梗和子房长4.5厘米;花直径6—6.5厘米,不完全开放,有香气,白色,外面稍带淡紫红色,唇瓣中裂片中央有一黄色斑块连接于亮黄色的褶片,偶见紫红色斑点;萼片狭椭圆形或宽披针状长圆形,长4.5—5.5(—6)厘米,宽1—1.5(—2)厘米,先端常渐尖;花瓣宽线形,长4.2—5厘米,宽7—10毫米;唇瓣长圆状卵形,长4—4.5厘米,3裂,基部与蕊柱合生达3—4毫米;侧裂片直立,宽约8毫米,稍围抱蕊柱,上面有微毛;中裂片较小,中央至基部有一密生短毛的斑块,边缘波状;唇盘上2条纵褶片下部分离,上端汇合为一,蕊柱长约3.5厘米;花粉团2个;蒴果梭状椭圆形,长约4厘米,宽2.5厘米。花期10—12月。
产景洪;附生于海拔1600—1800米的林中树上或岩石上。分布于锡金、印度、缅甸、泰国。
国内地理分布:云南省: 景洪

中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium mastersii Griff. et Lindl.

植物种信息:34898
种中文名:大雪兰
属拉丁名:Cymbidium
属中文名:兰属
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
科中文名:兰科
生境:生境:林中树上,岩石上
海拔下限:1600
海拔上限:1800
经度:东经101-101°E(云南省:景洪-云南省:景洪)
纬度:北纬22-22°N(云南省:景洪-云南省:景洪)
凭证标本:吉占和91-365
引种栽培:非人工引种栽培
国内分布:云南省: 景洪
是否中国特有:否


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Cymbidium mastersii Orchidaceae ! Griff. ex Lindl. Edwards's Bot. Reg. 31: , ad pl. 50 1845

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
22803521 Cymbidium mastersii Lindenia : iconographie des orchidées. Gand [Belgium] : Impr. F. Meyer-van Loo, v.5 (1889)
22698407 Cymbidium mastersii Reichenbachia :Orchids illustrated and described /by F. Sander, with the assistance of scientific authority ... St. Albans :London,New York, F. Sander & Co., Orchid growers & importers;H. Sotheran & Co.;I. Forstermann, [etc., etc.] v. 2
22789870 Cymbidium mastersii yun nan zhi wu zhi ke xue chu ban she 14
22697369 Cymbidium mastersii The Gardeners' chronicle :a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. London : [Gardeners Chronicle], ser.3:v.11 (1892)
22802275 Cymbidium mastersii Checklist of CITES Species and Annotated CITES Appendices and Reservations CITES Secretariat, UNEP-WCMC 2005
22697365 Cymbidium mastersii A cultural table of orchidaceous plants. [Editing by P.A. Gilbert.] Sydney, Shepherd Press,
22789864 Cymbidium mastersii Reichenbachia :Orchids illustrated and described /by F. Sander, with the assistance of scientific authority ... St. Albans :London,New York, F. Sander & Co., Orchid growers & importers;H. Sotheran & Co.;I. Forstermann, [etc., etc.] v. 2
22697368 Cymbidium mastersii The Garden: an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches. London, v.25 1884
22803517 Cymbidium mastersii The Gardeners' chronicle :a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. London : [Gardeners Chronicle], ser.3:v.14 (1893)
22803509 Cymbidium mastersii Floral World and Garden Guide. London. 1876

相关连数据 GBIF:Global Biodiversity Information Facility
详细信息种拉丁名SCIENTIFIC NAME分类分布
1423612185 Cymbidium mastersii Cymbidium mastersii Griff. ex Lindl. Myanmar (Burma)