缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Strophanthus gratus

来源:
来源:
来源:botany.si.edu
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Apocynaceae
130697

Smithsonian Institution-缅甸植物名录
种拉丁名:

Strophanthus gratus

属拉丁名:Strophanthus
种下等级:
作者名:(Wall. & Hook.) Baill.
生境:Climber
分布:Taninthayi, Yangon
COMMON_NAMES:
Roupellia grata Wall. & Hook.
来源:botany.si.edu
种拉丁名:

Strophanthus gratus

属拉丁名:Strophanthus
种下等级:
作者名:(Wall. & Hook.) Baill.
生境:Climber
分布:Taninthayi, Yangon
COMMON_NAMES:
Roupellia grata Wall. & Hook.
来源:botany.si.edu

Efloras
所属科:Apocynaceae
父拉丁名:Strophanthus
分类等级:种

Strophanthus gratus

旋花羊角拗
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200018468
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 16
1. Strophanthus gratus (Wallich & Hooker) Baillon, Hist. Pl. 10: 171. 1889.

旋花羊角拗 xuan hau yang jiao niu

Roupellia grata Wallich & Hooker, Bot. Mag. 75: t. 4466. 1849; Strophanthus gratus (Wallich & Hooker) Franchet.

Lianas woody, to 25 m, latex white. Trunk to 10 cm in diam.; branches dark or purplish brown, densely lenticellate, branchlets glabrous. Petiole 0.5-3.2 mm; leaf blade ovate, elliptic, or obovate, 5-18 2-9 cm, leathery, glabrous; lateral veins 5-11 pairs. Cymes 3-32-flowered, glabrous. Flowers fragrant. Sepals obovate or broadly so, 0.7-1.8 cm. Corolla white, turning yellow at base, reddish or purple above, throat reddish; tube 2.5-4.5 cm, inflated in distal half; lobes orbicular or nearly so, 1.5-3.5 X 1.5-3.2 cm, apex rounded; corona lobes pink, awl-shaped, 0.5-1.5 cm, exserted. Filaments pubescent adaxially, connective glabrous, extending into a tail 6-12 mm. Follicles divergent at 180°, cylindric, 23-41 X 3-4.3 cm. Seeds to 2 cm, beak 1.6-6.2 cm, coma to 5 cm. Fl. Feb. 2n = 18.

Taiwan [native to W and WC Africa]

Cultivated for medicine. The juice is used as an arrow poison.


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Strophanthus gratus (Wall. & Hook.) Baill.

中文名:旋花羊角拗
经济利用类型:
分类等级:种
父级中文名:羊角拗属
父级拉丁名:Strophanthus DC.
科拉丁名:APOCYNACEAE
科中文名:夹竹桃科
中国植物志卷册:63
全文:6. 旋花羊角拗(中国高等植物图鉴)
Strophanthus gratus (Wall. et Hook. ex Benth.) Baill. Hist. Pl. 10: 171. 1888. ——Roupellia grata Wall. et Hook. ex Benth. in Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4466. 1849, et in Hook. Niger Fl. 449. 1849.——Strophanthus gratus (Hook. ) Franch. in Journ Bot. 7: 321. 1891.
粗壮常绿攀援灌木,全株无毛;枝条干后红褐色,具白色皮孔,老枝条具纵条纹。叶厚纸质,长圆形或长圆状椭圆形,长9-15厘米,宽4-7.5厘米,顶端急尖,基部圆形或阔楔形;中脉在叶面扁平,在叶背凸起,侧脉每边6-8条,两面均扁平;叶柄长约1厘米,扁平;叶腋内具2枚钻状腺体。聚伞花序顶生,伞形,具短总花梗,着花6-8朵,无毛;花萼钟状,裂片倒卵形,长12毫米,宽6毫米,花萼内面基部有12枚腺体;花冠白色,喉部染红色,花张开后直径5厘米,花冠裂片倒卵形,顶端不延长成尾状,花冠筒上部膨大;副花冠为10枚舌状鳞片所组成,着生在冠檐喉部,鳞片基部合生,顶端离生并伸出花喉外,红色;雄蕊内藏,花药靠合在柱头上,药隔顶端丝状,花丝离生,被微毛;子房卵圆状,无毛,花柱丝状,柱头棍棒状。花期2月。
我国台湾有栽培,已驯化。原产热带非洲,尤以喀麦隆、塞拉利昂、尼日尔及加纳等为多,现马来西亚及印度尼西亚等也有栽培。
植株有大毒,在热带非洲有用作毒杀象及害虫,乳汁可作箭毒药;种子含羊角拗精,可药用,治心脏病等。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-125-32453

中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Strophanthus gratus (Wall. et Hook. ex Benth.) Baill.

植物种信息:32453
种中文名:旋花羊角拗
属拉丁名:Strophanthus
属中文名:羊角拗属
科拉丁名:Apocynaceae
科中文名:夹竹桃科
生境:本种没有生境资料
海拔下限:0
海拔上限:0
经度:东经121-121°E(台湾省:台湾岛-台湾省:台湾岛)
纬度:北纬24-24°N(台湾省:台湾岛-台湾省:台湾岛)
凭证标本:本种没有凭证标本资料
引种栽培:人工引种栽培
国内分布:台湾省: 台湾岛
国外分布:印度尼西亚
是否中国特有:否


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Strophanthus gratus Apocynaceae (Wall. & Hook.) Baill. Hist. Pl. 10: 171 1888
Strophanthus gratus Apocynaceae * (Wall. & Hook.) Franch. J. Bot. 7: 321 1893

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
18883217 Strophanthus gratus Just's botanischer jahresbericht. Systematisch geordnetes repertorium der botanischen literatur aller länder. Berlin, Gebr. Borntraeger, Jahrg. 30, Abt. 2 (1902)
18881982 Strophanthus gratus Histoire des plantes /par H. Baillon. Paris : Librairie Hachette, v. 10
18879538 Strophanthus gratus Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden St. Louis : Missouri Botanical Garden Press, v.88 (2001)
18868375 Strophanthus gratus Plant inventory; plant material introduced. Washington, D.C., United States Department of Agriculture. v. 157-160
18879544 Strophanthus gratus Archiv der Pharmazie. Berlin : Deutscher Apotheker-Verein, Bd.248 1910
18879536 Strophanthus gratus Annals of the Cape provincial Museums. Natural history. Grahamstown, South Africa : Published jointly by the Cape provincial museums at the Albany Museum, v.7:pt.3-4 (1974-1975)
18868373 Strophanthus gratus Plant inventory; plant material introduced. Washington, D.C., United States Department of Agriculture. v. 157-160
18880773 Strophanthus gratus Bulletin of miscellaneous information. Additional Series. Royal Gardens, Kew. [Kew, Surrey : Royal Botanic Gardens], v.9:pt.1 (1908)
18880763 Strophanthus gratus Biochemie der Pflanzen, von Friedrich Czapek. Jena : G. Fischer, bd.3 (1925)
18880779 Strophanthus gratus Catalogue of the plants collected by Mr. & Mrs. P.A. Talbotin the Oban district, South Nigeria,by A. B. Rendle, E.G.… London, Printed by order of the Trustees,