缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Allium porrum

来源:
来源:中国植物志
来源:
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Amaryllidaceae
131547

Efloras
所属科:Liliaceae
父拉丁名:Allium
分类等级:种

Allium porrum

韭葱
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200027520
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 24
127. Allium porrum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 295. 1753.

韭葱 jiu cong

Bulb solitary, cylindric ovoid to subglobose, sometimes bearing bulbels; tunic white, membranous, entire. Leaves broadly linear to linear-lanceolate, shorter than scape, 1--5 cm wide or more, slightly conduplicate, abaxially keeled. Scape 60--80 cm or more, terete, covered with leaf sheaths for ca. 1/2 its length. Spathe 1-valved, deciduous; beak long. Umbel globose, densely many flowered. Pedicels subequal, several times as long as perianth, bracteolate. Perianth white to pale purple; segments with green midvein, suboblong, 4.5--5 × 2--2.3 mm, apex acute; outer ones denticulate along midvein abaxially. Filaments slightly longer than perianth segments, connate at base and adnate to perianth segments; outer ones narrowly triangular to linear-triangular, margin denticulate toward base; inner ones oblong, as wide as perianth segments for ca. 2/3 their length, 1-toothed on each side, teeth with apex elongated into a twisted, filiform cusp much longer than anther-bearing cusp. Ovary ovoid-globose, with transversely convex nectaries near middle of septa. Style exserted. Fl. and fr. May--Jul. 2 n = 32.

Cultivated as a vegetable [native to SW Asia and Europe; also widely cultivated].


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Allium porrum L.

中文名:韭葱
经济利用类型:
分类等级:种
父级中文名:长齿组
父级拉丁名:Sect. Porrum G. Don
科拉丁名:LILIACEAE
科中文名:百合科
中国植物志卷册:14
全文: 93. 韭葱 扁葱 图95
Allium porrum L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1, 423. 1753; G. Don, Monogr. All. 12. 1827.——A. ampeloprasum L. var. porrum Regel, All. Monogr. 54. 1875.
鳞茎单生,矩圆状卵形至近球状,有时基部具少数小鳞茎;鳞茎外皮白色,膜质,不破裂。叶宽条形至条状披针形,实心,略对褶,背面呈龙骨状,基部宽1-5厘米或更宽,深绿色,常具白粉。花葶圆柱状,实心,高60-80厘米或更高,近中部被叶鞘;总苞单侧开裂,具长喙,早落;伞形花序球状,无珠芽,具多而密集的花;小花梗近等长,比花被片长数倍,基部具小苞片;花白色至淡紫色;花被片近矩圆形,长4.5-5毫米,宽2-2.3毫米,先端钝,具短尖头,中脉绿色,外轮的背面沿中脉具细齿;花丝稍比花被片长,基部合生并与花被片贴生,两侧的下部具细齿,内轮的下部约2/3扩大成长方形,扩大部分与花被片近等宽,每侧各具1齿,齿端延长成卷曲的丝状,远比中间着药的花丝长,外轮的无齿,下部稍扩大成狭长的条状三角形;子房卵球状,在中下部沿腹缝线具横向隆起的蜜腺(在标本上不易观察到);花柱伸出花被外。花果期5-7月。
原产欧洲中部和南部;在我国部分地区有栽培。欧洲和亚洲其他地区也有栽培。
鳞茎作蔬菜食用。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-263-05485

中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Allium porrum L.

植物种信息:5485
其它中文俗名:扁葱
种中文名:韭葱
属拉丁名:Allium
属中文名:葱属
科拉丁名:Liliaceae
科中文名:百合科
生境:本种没有生境资料
海拔下限:0
海拔上限:0
凭证标本:本种没有凭证标本资料
引种栽培:人工引种栽培
国内分布:中国: 部分地区
国外分布:南欧; 中欧
是否中国特有:否


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Allium porrum Amaryllidaceae * Georgi Beschr. Nation. Russ. Reich 3(4): 891 1779
Allium porrum Amaryllidaceae L. Sp. Pl. 1: 295 1753

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
21845621 Allium porrum List of intercepted plant pests / United States Department of Agriculture, Plant Quarantine and Control Administration. [Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O.], 1980-1981
21863569 Allium porrum The botany of crop plants; a text and reference book, by Wilfred W. Robbins ... Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's Son & Co.
21862280 Allium porrum Botanisches Zentralblatt; referierendes Organ für das Gesamtgebiet der Botanik. Jena [etc.] G. Fischer [etc.] jahrg. 8, bd. 31 (1887)
21857173 Allium porrum The American farmer's encyclopedia and dictionary of rural affairs : embracing all the most recent discoveries in agric… Philadelphia : Carey and Hart,
21854575 Allium porrum Service and regulatory announcements / Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1935
21854569 Allium porrum Service and regulatory announcements / Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1935
21854568 Allium porrum Service and regulatory announcements / Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1935
21853298 Allium porrum Plant inventory; plant material introduced. Washington, D.C., United States Department of Agriculture. v. 111-130
21853290 Allium porrum Plant inventory; plant material introduced. Washington, D.C., United States Department of Agriculture. v. 111-130
21850754 Allium porrum Outlines of medical botany :comprising vegetable anatomy and physiology...and a glossary of terms /by Hugo Reid. Edinburgh : Maclachlan, Stewart & Co.,