缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Epipogium roseum

来源:GBIF
来源:
来源:
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
132150

Efloras
所属科:Orchidaceae
父拉丁名:Epipogium
分类等级:种

Epipogium roseum

虎舌兰
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200028661
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 25
1. Epipogium roseum (D. Don) Lindley, J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 1: 177. 1857.

虎舌兰 hu she lan

Limodorum roseum D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 30. 1825; Ceratopsis rosea (D. Don) Lindley; Epipogium africans Schlechter; E. dentilabellum Ohtani & S. Suzuki; E. guilfoylii F. Mueller; E. indicum H. J. Chowdhery, G. D. Pal & G. S. Giri; E. kassnerianum Kraenzlin; E. kusukusense (Hayata) Schlechter; E. makinoanum Schlechter; E. nutans (Blume) H. G. Reichenbach; E. poneranthum Fukuyama; E. rolfei (Hayata) Schlechter; E. sessanum S. N. Hegde & A. N. Rao; E. sinicum C. L. Tso; E. tuberosum Duthie; Galera kusukusensis Hayata; G. nutans Blume; G. rolfei Hayata; G. rosea (D. Don) Blume; Gastrodia schinziana Kraenzlin; Podanthera pallida Wight; Stereosandra schinziana (Kraenzlin) Garay.

Plants 10-45 cm tall. Rhizome tuberous, narrowly fusiform to ovoid, 1-5 cm, 0.5-2 cm in diam., many noded. Stem with 1-8 scattered sheaths, white, sometimes tinged pale pink; sheaths amplexicaul, white, 7-13 mm, membranous. Rachis laxly to subdensely 2-16-flowered, sometimes pendulous toward apex; floral bracts ovate-lanceolate, 7-12 × 4-7 mm. Flowers resupinate, pendulous, opening widely or not, white with faint purple spots on lip; pedicel 3-7 mm; ovary 5-7 mm. Sepals weakly spreading, linear-lanceolate, 8-11 × 2-3 mm, 3-veined, margin undulate, apex subacute. Petals similar to sepals, weakly spreading, often slightly shorter and wider than sepals, slightly oblique, 7-10 × 2-3 mm, apex acute to acuminate; lip elliptic-ovate when flattened, concave, 8-12 × 6-7 mm, spurred at base, entire, margins erose-denticulate; disk with 2 longitudinal densely papillose ridges, and occasionally with a shorter central ridge, or ridges sometimes reduced and inconspicuous; spur projecting backward, nearly parallel to ovary, cylindric, 3-5 × 1.5-2.5 mm, shorter than ovary, apex obtuse. Column 2.5-4.5 mm; anther subglobose. Capsule broadly ovoid-ellipsoid, 5-7 × ca. 5 mm. Fl. and fr. Apr-Sep. 2n = 68.

Moist broad-leaved forests, shady places along valleys; 500-1600 m. Guangdong, Hainan, C and S Taiwan, SE Xizang, S Yunnan [India, Indonesia, Japan, Kashmir, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; tropical Africa, Pacific islands].


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Epipogium roseum (D. Don) Lindl.

中文名:虎舌兰
保护植物:国家Ⅱ级保护植物
经济利用类型:
分类等级:种
父级中文名:虎舌兰属
父级拉丁名:Epipogium Gmelin ex Borkhausen
科拉丁名:ORCHIDACEAE
科中文名:兰科
中国植物志卷册:18
全文:1.虎舌兰(中国高等植物图鉴)图版5:1-2
Epipogium roseum (D. Don) Lindl. in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1: 177. 1857; Merrill in Lingn. Sci. J. 5: 53. 1928; Tuyama in J. Jap. Bot. 42: 295. 1967; Garay et Sweet, Orch. South. Ryukyu Isl. 58. fig. 3 (i). 1974;中国高等植物图鉴5: 656.图8141. 1976; 台湾兰科植物2: 148——150 (图). 1977; 台湾兰科植物彩色图鉴1: 450. 1977, et 2: 499. 1990; 台湾植物志5: 980. 1978; Seidenf. in Dansk Bot. Ark. 32 (2): 171. fig. 106. 1978, et in Opera Bot. 114: 76. 1992; 海南植物志4: 196. 图1087. 1987; Barretto in Mem. Hong Kong Nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 47. fig. 1. 1988; 横断山区维管植物2: 2557. 1994; Z. H. Tsi et S. C. Chen in Acta Phytotax. Sin. 33(3): 292. 1995. ——Limodorum roseum D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 30. 1825. ——Galera nutans Bl., Bijdr. 8: 416. 1825. ——Epipogium nutans (Bl.) Rchb. f. in Bonplandia 5: 36. 1857. ——Epipogium japonicum Makino in Bot. Mag. Tokyo 18: 131. 1904. ——Galera japonica (Makino) Makino in Bot. Mag. Tokyo 25: 228. 1911. ——Galera rolfei Hayata in J. Coll. Sci. Univ. Tokyo 30: 348. 1911. ——Epipogium rolfei (Hayata) Schltr. in Fedde Repert. Sp. Nov. 10: 5. 1911. ——Galera kusukusensis Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formos. 4: 121. Pl. 20. 1914. ——Epipogium kusukusense (Hayata) Schltr. in Fedde Repert. Sp. Nov. Beih. 4: 153. 1919. ——Epipogium sinicum C. L. Tso in Sunyatsenia 1: 132. 1933.
植株高(15-)20-45厘米,地下具块茎;块茎狭椭圆形或近椭圆形,长2-5厘米,直径0.7-2厘米,肉质,横卧。茎直立,白色,肉质,无绿叶,具4-8枚鞘;鞘白色,膜质,抱茎,长7-13毫米。总状花序顶生,具6-16朵花;花苞片膜质,卵状披针形,长7-12毫米,宽5-7毫米;花梗纤细,长3-7毫米;子房长5-7毫米;花白色,不甚张开,下垂;萼片线状披针形或宽披针形,长8-11毫米,宽2-3毫米,先端近急尖;花瓣与萼片相似,常略短而宽于萼片;唇瓣凹陷,不裂,卵状椭圆形,略长于萼片,一般长8-12毫米,唇盘上常有2条密生小疣的纵脊,较少纵脊不明显;距圆筒状,长3-4.5毫米,宽1.2-1.8毫米,明显短于唇瓣;蕊柱短而粗,长2.5-3.5毫米;花药近球形。蒴果宽椭圆形,长5-7毫米,宽约5毫米。花果期4-6月。
产台湾、广东(英德、乳源)、海南、云南南部至东南部(勐腊、金平、西畴)和西藏东南部(察隅)。生于林下或沟谷边荫蔽处,海拔500-1600米。越南、老挝、泰国、印度、尼泊尔、锡金、斯里兰卡、马来西亚、印度尼西亚、菲律宾、日本以及大洋洲和非洲热带地区也有分布。模式标本采自尼泊尔。
据郎楷永称,他在四川汶川卧龙自然保护区看到此种标本(秦自生采),但从植物地理上看,间隔甚远,而且海拔为2500米,似不可能。尚有待于进一步研究。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-178-34304

中国植物物种信息-云南植物志
拉丁名:

Epipogium roseum (D. Don) Lindl.

中文名:虎舌兰
分类等级:种
父级中文名:虎舌兰属
父拉丁名:Epipogium Gmelin ex Borkhausen
云南植物志卷册:14
科中文名:兰科
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
生境: 林下,沟谷边阴蔽处
全文:1.虎舌兰(图鉴)图版79: 1—2
上须兰
Epipogium roseum (D. Don) Lindl. (1857); Merrill (1928); Holttum (1957); Seidenf. et Smitin. (1959)*; Tuyama (1967); Garay et Sweet (1974)*; 图鉴 (1976)*; 台湾兰科植物 (1977)*; 海南植物志 (1977)*; 台湾兰科植物彩色图鉴 (1977*, 1990); 台湾植物志 (1978); H. Hara et al. (1978); Seidenf. (1978*, 1992); Barretto (1988)*; 横断山区维管植物 (1994); Z. H. Tsi et S. C. Chen (1995); 中国植物志 (1999)*; 高黎贡山植物 (2000).
Limodorum roseum D. Don (1825); Galera nutans Bl. (1825); G. roseum (D. Don) Bl. (1856); Ceratopsis rosea (D. Don) Lindl. (1840); Epipogium nutans (Bl.) Rchb. f. (1857); Hook. f. (1890); King et Pantl. (1898)*; Gagnep. in Lecomte (1934); E. japonicum Makino (1904); Galera japonica (Makino) Makino (1911); G. rolfei Hayata (1904); Epipogium rolfei (Hayata) Schltr. (1911); Galera kusukusensis Hayata (1914)*; Epipogium kusukusense (Hayata) Schltr. (1919); E. sinicum C. L. Tso (1933).
植株高(15—)20—45厘米,地下具块茎;块茎长圆形,长2—3厘米,直径0.7—2厘米,肉质,横卧。茎直立,白色,肉质,无绿叶,具4—8枚鞘;鞘白色,膜质,抱茎,长7—13毫米。总状花序顶生,具6—16朵花;花苞片膜质,卵状披针形,长7—12毫米,宽5—7毫米;花梗纤细,长3—7毫米,子房长5—7毫米;花白色,不甚张开,下垂;萼片线状披针形或宽披针形,长8—11毫米,宽2—3毫米,先端近急尖;花瓣与萼片相似,常略短而宽于萼片;唇瓣凹陷,不裂,卵状椭圆形,略长于萼片,一般长8—12毫米,唇盘上有2条密生小疣的纵脊,较少纵脊不明显;距圆筒状,长3—4.5毫米,宽1.2—1.8毫米,明显短于唇瓣;蕊柱短而粗,长2.5—3.5毫米;花药近球形。蒴果宽椭圆形,长5—7毫米,宽约5毫米。花果期4—6月。
产贡山(?)、澜沧、勐腊、金平、屏边、西畴、富宁;生于海拔700—1600米的林下或沟谷边阴湿处。分布于西藏、广东、海南、台湾。广布于印度、尼泊尔、锡金、斯里兰卡、泰国、老挝、越南、马来西亚、印度尼西亚、菲律宾、日本、大洋洲、热带非洲。
国内地理分布:台湾省: 屏东; 海南省: 保亭, 三亚; 广西自治区: 百色, 金秀; 四川省: 汶川; 云南省: 滇东南, 滇南, 滇越边境区, 金沙江河谷, 勐腊; 西藏自治区: 察隅

中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Epipogium roseum (D. Don) Lindl.

植物种信息:34304
种中文名:虎舌兰
属拉丁名:Epipogium
属中文名:虎舌兰属
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
科中文名:兰科
生境:生境: 林下,沟谷边阴蔽处
海拔下限:500
海拔上限:1600
经度:东经97-121°E(西藏自治区:察隅-台湾省:屏东)
纬度:北纬18-31°N(海南省:三亚-四川省:汶川)
凭证标本:方鼎36953 倪志诚0789 秦自生无号
引种栽培:非人工引种栽培
国内分布:台湾省: 屏东; 海南省: 保亭, 三亚; 广西自治区: 百色, 金秀; 四川省: 汶川; 云南省: 滇东南, 滇南, 滇越边境区, 金沙江河谷, 勐腊; 西藏自治区: 察隅
国外分布:北非; 东南亚地区; 非洲; 伊里安岛; 中南半岛; 澳大利亚
是否中国特有:否


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Epipogium roseum Orchidaceae ! (D. Don) Lindl. J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 1: 177 1857

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
43878978 Epipogium roseum The journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. Bombay : Bombay Natural History Society, v.60 (1963)
43878971 Epipogium roseum Flora of south-eastern Queensland / Brisbane, Australia : Queensland Dept. of Primary Industries, v.3 (1989)
43878985 Epipogium roseum Mitteilungen der Botanischen Staatssammlung München. Munich : H. Merxmüller, v.10 (1971)
43878979 Epipogium roseum The journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. Bombay : Bombay Natural History Society, v.94 (1997)
43878972 Epipogium roseum Flora of south-eastern Queensland / Brisbane, Australia : Queensland Dept. of Primary Industries, v.3 (1989)
43878968 Epipogium roseum Flora Malesiana. general editor, C.G.G.J. van Steenis. Series I, Spermatophyta / Djakarta : Noordhoff-Kolff, ser.1:v.1 (1950)
43870256 Epipogium roseum yun nan zhi wu zhi ke xue chu ban she 14
43878981 Epipogium roseum Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society and Coryndon Museum. [Nairobi, Kenya] : The Society : v.24:no.4=no.108 (1964:Jan.)
43877870 Epipogium roseum American fern journal. [Washington, etc.] American Fern Society. v.97(2007)
43878967 Epipogium roseum Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany. London : The Museum, v.4 (1965-1973)

相关连数据 GBIF:Global Biodiversity Information Facility
详细信息种拉丁名SCIENTIFIC NAME分类分布
1228038589 Epipogium roseum Epipogium roseum (D.Don) Lindl. Myanmar (Burma)