缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Panax pseudoginseng

来源:
来源:中国植物志
来源:botany.si.edu
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Araliaceae
132373

Smithsonian Institution-缅甸植物名录
种拉丁名:

Panax pseudoginseng

属拉丁名:Panax
种下等级:
作者名:Wall.
生境:Shrub
分布:Kachin, Sagaing
COMMON_NAMES:
来源:botany.si.edu
种拉丁名:

Panax pseudoginseng

属拉丁名:Panax
种下等级:subsp. himalaicus
作者名:Hara
生境:Shrub
分布:Kachin
COMMON_NAMES:
来源:botany.si.edu
种拉丁名:

Panax pseudoginseng

属拉丁名:Panax
种下等级:var. bipinnatifidus
作者名:(Seem.) Li
生境:Shrub
分布:Kachin
COMMON_NAMES:
来源:botany.si.edu

Efloras
所属科:Araliaceae
父拉丁名:Panax
分类等级:种

Panax pseudoginseng

假人参
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=242335458
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 13
5. Panax pseudoginseng Wallich, Trans. Med. Soc. Calcutta. 4: 117. 1829.

假人参 jia ren shen

Aralia pseudoginseng (Wallich) Bentham ex C. B. Clarke; A. quinquefolia (Linnaeus) Decaisne & Planchon var. pseudoginseng (Wallich) Burkill.

Herbs, perennial, ca. 50 cm tall. Rootstock short, with 2-5 fleshy roots, fusiform, 2-4 cm, ca. 1 cm in diam. Leaves usually 4, verticillate at apex of stem, palmately compound; bases of petiole and petiolules with numerous lanceolate, stipulelike appendages; leaflets 3 or 4, obovate-elliptic to obovate-oblong, 9-10 × 3.5-4 cm (lateral ones smaller), membranous, abaxially glabrous, adaxially setose on veins (trichomes 1.5-2 mm), base attenuate, margin biserrate, apex long caudate-acuminate. Inflorescence a solitary, terminal umbel 20-50-flowered; peduncle ca. 12 cm; pedicels ca. 1 cm, glabrous. Ovary 2-carpellate; styles 2 divided, reflexed.

Forests; 2400-4200 m. S Xizang [?Bhutan, ?N India, Nepal].

This species is used medicinally.


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Panax pseudoginseng Wall.

中文名:假人参
经济利用类型:
分类等级:种
父级中文名:人参属
父级拉丁名:Panax Linn.
科拉丁名:ARALIACEAE
科中文名:五加科
中国植物志卷册:54
全文: 2.假人参
Panax pseudo-ginseng Pall. in Trans. Med. Phys. Soc. Calcutta 4: 117. 1829 & in Pl. Asiat. Rar. 2: 30. pl. 137. 1831; C. A. Mey. in Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Sci. St.-Petersb. 1: 340. 1843; Hara in Journ. Jap. Bot. 45: 208. 1970, Pro parte; 何景、曾沧江, 植物分类学报11: 434. 1973; 吴征镒等, 植物分类学报13: (2): 41. 1975——Panax schin-seng Nees var. (3) nepalensis Nees, Icon. Pl. Medic. 5: t. 16 c. 1833——Aralia guinquefolia Decne. & Planch. var. pseudo-ginseng (Wall.) Burhill in Kew Bull. Misc. Inform. 1902: 7. 1902.
多年生草本;根状茎短,竹鞭状,横生,有2至几条肉质根;肉质根圆柱形,长约2-4厘米,直径约1厘米,干时有纵皱纹。地上茎单生,高约40厘米,有纵纹,无毛,基部有宿存鳞片。叶为掌状复叶,4枚轮生于茎顶;叶柄长4-5厘米,有纵纹,无毛;托叶小,披针形,长5-6毫米;小叶片3-4,薄膜质,透明,倒卵状椭圆形至倒卵状长圆形,中央的长9-10厘米,宽3.5-4厘米,侧生的较小,先端长渐尖,基部渐狭,下延,边缘有重锯齿,齿有刺尖,上面脉上密生刚生,刚毛长1.5-2毫米,下面无毛,侧脉8-10对,两面明显,网脉明显;小叶柄长2-10毫米,与叶柄顶端连接处簇生刚毛。伞形花序单个顶生,直径约3.5厘米,有花20-50朵;总花梗长约12厘米,有纵纹,无毛;花梗纤细,无毛,长约1厘米;苞片不明显;花黄绿色;萼杯状(雄花的萼为陀螺形),边缘有5个三角形的齿;花瓣5;雄蕊5;子房2室;花柱2(雄花中的退化雌蕊上为1条),离生,反曲。果实未见。
产西藏(聂拉木),生于密林下,海拔2450-4200米。尼泊尔也有分布。模式标本采自尼泊尔。
过去文献上记载我国有假人参(原变种)的报道,都是假人参的其他变种之误。假人参(原变种)的根状茎原记载为斜生的。从国产仅有的两份4-5年生的标本(张永田、郎楷永4395号及北京自然博物馆采的103号)看,其根状茎是横生的,而不是直生或斜生的,这和N. Wallich的模式标本原图中的1个匍匐状的根状茎相似(图1)。根据采集者在野外的观察,其根状茎和肉质根生在土壤表层,很容易采起来。因此,其生长年数已久的根状茎也将象假人参其他变种那样是在土壤中横生的竹鞭状根状茎。
本种变异性强,我国还有下列5变种。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-129-15459


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Panax pseudoginseng Araliaceae Wall. Trans. Med. Soc. Calcutta 4: 117 1829

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
38830935 Panax pseudoginseng Isis von Oken. Jena : Expedition der Isis ; 1834
38832267 Panax pseudoginseng Plant inventory; plant material introduced. Washington, D.C., United States Department of Agriculture. v. 164-167
38830950 Panax pseudoginseng Plant inventory; plant material introduced. Washington, D.C., United States Department of Agriculture. v. 91-110
38832262 Panax pseudoginseng Plant inventory; plant material introduced. Washington, D.C., United States Department of Agriculture. v. 91-110
38829661 Panax pseudoginseng Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Washington, D.C. : Smithsonian Institution Press, v.45(2003)
38829655 Panax pseudoginseng Botanisk tidsskrift / utgivet af den Botaniske forening i København. København : G.E.C. Gads Forlag, b.12 (1880-1881)
38829665 Panax pseudoginseng Flora Malesiana. general editor, C.G.G.J. van Steenis. Series I, Spermatophyta / Djakarta : Noordhoff-Kolff, ser.1:v.1 (1950)
38832271 Panax pseudoginseng Plantae Asiaticae rariores, or, Descriptions and figures of a select number of unpublished East Indian plants /by N. Wal… London : Treuttel and Würtz, v.2
38830931 Panax pseudoginseng Inventory of seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Washington, D.C. : G.P.O., 37-47
38832269 Panax pseudoginseng Plantae Asiaticae rariores, or, Descriptions and figures of a select number of unpublished East Indian plants /by N. Wal… London : Treuttel and Würtz, v.2