缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium tracyanum

来源:GBIF
来源:中国植物志
来源:botany.si.edu
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
133666

Smithsonian Institution-缅甸植物名录
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium tracyanum

属拉丁名:Cymbidium
种下等级:
作者名:Hort.
生境:Epiphyte
分布:Chin, Kachin, Shan
COMMON_NAMES:
来源:botany.si.edu

Efloras
所属科:Orchidaceae
父拉丁名:Cymbidium
分类等级:种

Cymbidium tracyanum

西藏虎头兰
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=250092651
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 25
10. Cymbidium tracyanum L. Castle, J. Hort. Cottage Gard., ser. 3. 21: 513. 1890.

西藏虎头兰 xi zang hu tou lan

Cyperorchis tracyana (L. Castle) Schlechter.

Plants epiphytic, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs ellipsoid-ovoid or oblong-ovoid, 5-11 × 2-5 cm, mostly enclosed in leaf bases. Leaves 5-8 or more, lorate, 55-80 × (1.5-)2-3.4 cm, articulate 7-14 cm from base, apex acute. Inflorescence arising from within sheaths at base of pseudobulb, arching or suberect, 65-100 cm or longer; rachis usually more than 10-flowered; floral bracts ovate-triangular, 3-5 mm. Flowers fragrant, 13-14 cm in diam.; pedicel and ovary 30-55 mm; sepals and petals yellowish green to olive-green, with irregular dark red-brown venation and spots; lip pale yellow to cream-yellow with dark red-brown venation on lateral lobes and with vertical dashes and scattered spots of same color on mid-lobe, lamellae cream and red spotted. Sepals narrowly elliptic, (45-)55-70 × 17-20 mm, apex acute; lateral sepals slightly oblique and twisted. Petals falcate, slightly twisted, 45-65 × 7-12 mm, apex acute; lip ovate-elliptic, 45-60 mm, base fused to basal margins of column for 4-5 mm, 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect; mid-lobe recurved, elliptic; disk long ciliate and with reddish brown hairs on veins of lateral lobes, sparsely ciliate on mid-lobe, with 2 central lamellae and with a row of long hairs 5-6 mm between lamellae; lamellae each with a row of long hairs 5-6 mm which extend to middle of mid-lobe. Column arcuate, 35-43 mm, winged, shortly hairy below middle on ventral surface; pollinia 2, deltoid, 3-4 mm. Capsule ellipsoid, 80-90 × 45-50 mm. Fl. Sep-Dec, fr. Feb-Mar. 2n = 40.

Tree trunks and branches in forests, rocks by streamsides; 1200-1900 m. SW Guizhou, SE Xizang, SE and SW Yunnan [Myanmar, N Thailand, N Vietnam].


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Cymbidium tracyanum L. Castle

中文名:西藏虎头兰
保护植物:国家Ⅰ级保护植物
经济利用类型:观赏植物 /
分类等级:种
父级中文名:大花组
父级拉丁名:Sect. Iridorchis (Bl.) P. F. Hunt
科拉丁名:ORCHIDACEAE
科中文名:兰科
中国植物志卷册:18
全文: 6.西藏虎头兰(中国兰花)
Cymbidium tracyanum L. Castle in J. Hort. ser. 3, 21: 513. 1890; Surnmerh. in Curlis’s Bot. Mag. 166: t. 56. 1949; Du Puy et Cribb, Genus Cymbidium 114. Pl. 13. phot. 84. fig. 23 (1). 1988;中国兰花 (第二版) 62.1993;中国兰花全书81.图5-6.彩图5-5. 1998——Cyperorchis tracyuna (L. Castle) Schltr. in Fedde Repert. Sp. Nov. 20: 108. 1924.
附生植物;假鳞茎椭圆状卵形或长圆状狭卵形,长5-11厘米,宽2-5厘米,大部分包藏于叶鞘之内。叶5-8枚或更多,带形,长55-80厘米,宽(1.5-) 2-3.4厘米,先端急尖,关节位于距基部7-14厘米处。花葶从假鳞茎基部穿鞘而出,外弯或近直立,长65-100厘米或过之;总状花序通常具10余朵花;花苞片卵状三角形,长3-5毫米;花梗和子房长3-5.5毫米;花大,直径达13-14厘米,有香气;萼片与花瓣黄绿色至橄榄绿色,有多条不甚规则的暗红褐色纵脉,脉上有点,唇瓣淡黄色并在侧裂片上具类似色泽的脉,中裂片上则具短条纹与斑点,褶片淡黄色并有红点;萼片狭椭圆形,长(4.5-)5.5-7厘米,宽1.7-2厘米;侧萼片稍斜歪并扭曲;花瓣镰刀形,下弯并扭曲,长4.5-6.5厘米,宽7-12毫米;唇瓣卵状椭圆形,长4.5-6厘米,3裂,基部与蕊柱合生达4-5毫米;侧裂片直立,边缘有长0.5-1.5毫米的缘毛,上面脉上有红褐色毛;中裂片明显外弯,上面有3行长毛连接于褶片顶端,并有散生的短毛;唇盘上2条纵褶片上亦密生长毛,在两褶片之间尚有1行长毛,但明显短于褶片;蕊柱长3.5-4.3厘米,向前弯曲,两侧具翅,腹面下部有短毛;花粉团2个,三角形,长3-4毫米。蒴果椭圆形,长8-9厘米,宽4.5-5厘米。花期9-12月。
产贵州西南部(册亨)、云南西南部至东南部和西藏东南部。生于林中大树干上或树权上,也见于溪谷旁岩石上,海拔1200-1900米。缅甸、泰国也有分布。模式标本系栽培植物,未注明产地。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-027-34888

中国植物物种信息-云南植物志
拉丁名:

Cymbidium tracyanum L. Castle

中文名:西藏虎头兰
分类等级:种
父级中文名:兰属
父拉丁名:Cymbidium Sw.
云南植物志卷册:14
科中文名:兰科
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
生境:林中大树干上或树杈上,溪谷旁岩石上
全文:7.西藏虎头兰(中国兰花)
Cymbidium tracyanum L. Castle (1890); Summerh. (1949)*; Du Puy et Cribb (1988)*; 中国兰花 (1993); 中国兰花全书 (1998)*; 中国植物志 (1999).
Cyperorchis tracyana (L. Castle) Schltr. (1924).
附生植物。假鳞茎椭圆状卵形或长圆状狭卵形,长5—11厘米,宽2—5厘米,大部分包藏于叶鞘之内。叶5—8枚或更多,带形,长55—80厘米,宽1—3.4厘米,先端急尖,关节位于距基部7—14厘米处。花葶从假鳞茎基部穿鞘而出,长65—100厘米或过之,外弯或近直立;总状花序通常具10余朵花;花苞片卵状三角形,长3—5毫米;花梗和子房长3—5.5毫米;花大,直径达13—14厘米,有香气;萼片与花瓣黄绿色至橄榄绿色,有多条不甚规则的暗红色褐色纵脉,脉上有点,唇瓣淡黄色并在侧裂片上具类似色泽的脉,中裂片上则具短条纹与斑点,褶片淡黄色并有红点;萼片狭椭圆形,长(4.5—)5.5—7厘米,宽1.7—2厘米;侧萼片稍斜歪并扭曲;花瓣镰刀形,下弯并扭曲,长4.5—6.5厘米,宽7—12毫米;唇瓣卵状椭圆形,长4.5—6厘米,3裂,基部与蕊柱合生达4—5毫米;侧裂片直立,边缘有长0.5—1.5毫米的缘毛,上面脉上有红褐色毛;中裂片明显外弯,上面有3行长毛连接于褶片顶端,并有散生的短毛;唇盘上2条纵褶片上亦密生长毛,在两褶片之间尚有1行长毛,但明显短于褶片;蕊柱长3.5—4.3厘米,向前弯曲,两侧具翅,腹面下部有短毛;花粉团2个,三角形,长3—4毫米。蒴果椭圆形,长8—9厘米,宽4.5—5厘米。花期9月至次年1月。
产墨江;附生于海拔1200—1900米的林中大树上或树杈上,也见于溪谷旁岩石上。分布于贵州(册亨)。缅甸、泰国也有。常见栽培。

中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium tracyanum L. Castle

植物种信息:34888
种中文名:西藏虎头兰
属拉丁名:Cymbidium
属中文名:兰属
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
科中文名:兰科
生境:生境:林中大树干上或树杈上,溪谷旁岩石上
海拔下限:1200
海拔上限:1900
引种栽培:非人工引种栽培
是否中国特有:否


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Cymbidium tracyanum Orchidaceae ! Rolfe J. Hort. Cottage Gard. 21: 513 1890

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
24024048 Cymbidium tracyanum Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Washington, D.C. : Smithsonian Institution Press, v.45(2003)
24024066 Cymbidium tracyanum The Review of applied entomology. Series A, Agricultural. Farnham Royal, Eng., etc. : Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, etc. v. 4 1916
23871773 Cymbidium tracyanum The Garden: an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches. London, v.62 1902
24024064 Cymbidium tracyanum The Orchid review. [Kingsteignton, Eng., etc. : Orchid Review ltd.] v.19 (1911)
24024049 Cymbidium tracyanum The Garden: an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches. London, v.62 1902
23873068 Cymbidium tracyanum Rodriguésia: Revista do Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro: Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, 42-44, 1992
24024070 Cymbidium tracyanum yun nan zhi wu zhi ke xue chu ban she 14
23871772 Cymbidium tracyanum Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Washington, D.C. : Smithsonian Institution Press, v.45(2003)
23873059 Cymbidium tracyanum The gardeners' magazine. London : Gardeners' magazine office. 1912 v. 55
23873056 Cymbidium tracyanum The Gardeners' chronicle :a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. London : [Gardeners Chronicle], ser.3:v.16 (1894)

相关连数据 GBIF:Global Biodiversity Information Facility
详细信息种拉丁名SCIENTIFIC NAME分类分布
912045202 Cymbidium tracyanum Cymbidium tracyanum L.Castle ORCHIDACEAE
912045200 Cymbidium tracyanum Cymbidium tracyanum L.Castle ORCHIDACEAE