缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Melinis minutiflora

来源:
来源:
来源:botany.si.edu
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Poaceae
134087

Smithsonian Institution-缅甸植物名录
种拉丁名:

Melinis minutiflora

属拉丁名:Melinis
种下等级:
作者名:P. Beauv.
生境:Grass
分布:Reported from Myanmar
COMMON_NAMES:Venezrula grass
来源:botany.si.edu

Efloras
所属科:Poaceae
父拉丁名:Melinis
分类等级:种

Melinis minutiflora

糖蜜草
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200025690
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 22
1. Melinis minutiflora P. Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 54. 1812.

糖蜜草 tang mi cao

Muhlenbergia brasiliensis Steudel; Panicum melinis Trinius, nom illeg. superfl.; P. minutiflorum (P. Beauvois) Raspail; Suardia picta Schrank; Tristegis glutinosa Nees.

Perennial. Culms tufted, geniculately ascending, rooting at lower nodes, 50–150 cm tall. Leaf sheaths and blades densely tomentose with glandular hairs, slightly sticky with a strong smell; leaf blades linear, 5–20 × 0.5–1.5 cm. Panicle purplish, narrowly ovate, 10–20 cm; pedicels glabrous, scaberulous, rarely with a few hairs toward the apex. Spikelets narrowly ovate-oblong, 1.7–2.2 mm; lower glume ovate, 0.1–0.4 mm, veinless; upper glume prominently 7-veined, obtusely 2-lobed, awnless or with a mucro to 1 mm from the sinus; lower floret neuter without a palea, lemma similar to upper glume but narrower, prominently 5-veined, acutely 2-lobed, awnless or with a slender awn to 15 mm from the sinus; upper floret whitish, thinly cartilaginous, smooth, shining, slightly shorter than lower lemma. Fl. and fr. Jul–Oct. 2n = 36.

Introduced into S China as a fodder grass, locally naturalized. Hong Kong, Taiwan, Yunnan [native to Africa].

This species has been introduced into many tropical countries for fodder (Molasses Grass).


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Melinis minutiflora P. Beauv.

中文名:糖蜜草
经济利用类型:动物饲料植物 /
分类等级:种
父级中文名:糖蜜草属
父级拉丁名:Melinis Beauv.
科拉丁名:GRAMINEAE (POACEAE)
科中文名:禾本科
中国植物志卷册:10(1)
全文:1.糖蜜草(禾本科图说)图版69
Melinis minutiflora Beauv. Ess. Agrost. 54. t. ll. f. 4. 1812: Hitchc. Man. Grass. Unit. Stat. 569. f. 820. 1950; 中国主要植物图说 禾本科667. 图604. 1959; Bor, Grass. Burm. Ceyl. Ind. Pakist. 315. f. 35. 1960;台湾的禾草541. 图165. 1975; 合湾植物志5: 562. 1978. ——Suardia picta Schrank, Pl. Rar. Hort. Acad. Monac. t. 58. 1819.——Tristegis glutinosa Nees, Hor. Phys. Berol. 47. 54. 1820. ——Panicum minutiflorum (Beauv.) Raspail in Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 5:229. 1825. ——Panicum melinis Trin. in Mom. Acad. Sci. St. Pkersb. ser. 6(3): 291. 1834. ——Muhlenbergia brasiliensis Steud. Syn. Pl. Glum. 1: 177. 1854.
多年生栽培牧草;植物体被腺毛,有糖蜜味。秆多分枝,基部平卧,于节上生根,上部直立,开花时高可达1米,节上具柔毛。叶鞘短于节间,疏被长柔毛和瘤基毛;叶舌短,膜质,顶端具睫毛;叶片线形,长5-10厘米,宽5-8毫米,两面被毛,叶缘具睫毛。圆锥花序开展,长10-20厘米,末级分枝纤细,弓曲;小穗卵状椭圆形,长约2毫米,多少两侧压扁,无毛;第一颖小,三角形,无脉,第二颖长圆形,具7脉,顶端2齿裂,裂齿间具短芒或无;第一小花退化,外稃狭长圆形,具5脉,顶端2裂,裂齿间具1纤细的长芒,长可达10毫米,内稃缺;第二小花两性,外稃卵状长圆形,较第一小花外稃稍短,具3脉,顶端微2裂,透明,内稃与外稃形状,质地相似;鳞被2;花柱2,基部联合,柱头羽毛状。颖果长圆形。染色体2n=36。花果期7-10月。
本种原产非洲,现已为许多热带国家引种栽培为牧草。我国台湾已归化,四川等地曾有引种。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-233-04528

中国植物物种信息-云南植物志
拉丁名:

Melinis minutiflora Beauv.

中文名:糖蜜草
分类等级:种
父级中文名:糖蜜草属
父拉丁名:Melinis Beauv.
云南植物志卷册:9
科中文名:禾本科
科拉丁名:Poaceae (Gramineae)
本种没有生境资料
全文:1.糖蜜草(中国主要植物图说·禾本科)图版94:7—11
Melinis minutiflora Beauv. (1812); 中国主要植物图说•禾本科 (1959)*; 中国植物志 (1990)*.
Panicum minutiflorum (Beauv.) Raspail (1825).
多年生栽培牧草,植物体被黏质腺毛,有糖蜜味。秆具多数分枝,基部平卧,节上生根,上部直立,花期时高达1米,节上具柔毛。叶鞘短于节间,疏被长柔毛和瘤基毛;叶舌短,膜质,上缘有纤毛;叶片线形,扁平,长5—15厘米,宽5—10毫米,两面被毛,边缘具睫毛。圆锥花序开展,长10—20厘米,末级分枝纤细,弯曲;小穗卵状椭圆形,长约2毫米,多少有些两侧压扁,无毛;第一颖小,三角形,无脉,第二颖长圆形,具7脉,先端2齿裂,裂齿间有芒或无芒;第一小花退化,外稃狭长圆形,具5脉,先端2裂,裂齿间具一纤细的长芒;芒长可达10毫米;内稃缺如;第二小花两性,外稃卵状长圆形,较第一小花外稃略短,具3脉,先端微2裂,透明,内稃与外稃形状、质地均相似;鳞被2枚;花柱2,基部联合。
原产非洲,现为许多国家引种栽培的牧草。云南、四川及台湾均有引种,在台湾已逸生。
国内地理分布:台湾省: 南投


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Melinis minutiflora Poaceae ! P. Beauv. Ess. Agrostogr. 54, pl. 11, f. 4 1812

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
20343644 Melinis minutiflora Bibliotheca botanica. Stuttgart, E. Schweizerbart [etc.] Bd.7 (1897)
20329359 Melinis minutiflora Family #15, Gramineae / Richard W. Pohl. [Chicago] : Field Museum of Natural History, n.s. no.4(1980)
20331996 Melinis minutiflora zhong guo zhong zi zhi wu ke shu ci dian ke xue chu ban she
20348926 Melinis minutiflora Teysmannia. Batavia, G. Kolff. pt.21 (1910)
20343650 Melinis minutiflora Botanische Untersuchungen. Stockholm : Gedruckt in Aftonbladets Druckerei, Heft 1-3 (1914-1921)
20347589 Melinis minutiflora Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Washington, D.C. : Smithsonian Institution Press, v.46(2003)
20346294 Melinis minutiflora Bulletin of miscellaneous information /Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. London : H.M. Stationery Office, 1922
20330680 Melinis minutiflora Grass varieties in the United States / Washington, D.C. : Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, no.170
20329385 Melinis minutiflora Teysmannia. Batavia, G. Kolff. pt.24 (1914)
20329361 Melinis minutiflora Filices Madagascarienses / enumerat J. Palacký. Pragae : Palacký,