缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Pyrenaria diospyricarpa

来源:GBIF
来源:
来源:botany.si.edu
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Theaceae
134375

Smithsonian Institution-缅甸植物名录
种拉丁名:

Pyrenaria diospyricarpa

属拉丁名:Pyrenaria
种下等级:
作者名:Kurz
生境:Small tree
分布:Kachin, Mon, Unknown
COMMON_NAMES:
来源:botany.si.edu

Efloras
所属科:Theaceae
父拉丁名:Pyrenaria
分类等级:种

Pyrenaria diospyricarpa

叶萼核果茶
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=250077010
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 12
2. Pyrenaria diospyricarpa Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 42: 60. 1873.

叶萼核果茶 ye e he guo cha

Pyrenaria brevisepala Hung T. Chang; P. burmanica T. K. Paul & Nayar; P. cheliensis Hu; P. garrettiana Craib; P. yunnanensis Hu; Sinopyrenaria cheliensis (Hu) Hu; S. garrettiana (Craib) Hu; S. yunnanensis (Hu) Hu; Stewartia longibracteata Hung T. Chang; S. yunnanensis Hung T. Chang.

Trees 5-15 m tall. Year-old branchlets with ± persistent indumentum; current year branchlets densely grayish yellow pubescent and spreading villous. Petiole 0.6-1 cm, densely pubescent; leaf blade oblong to oblong-ovate, 7-15(-17) × 2.5-5.5 cm, papery, abaxially pale green, sparsely appressed pubescent, and densely spreading villous along midvein, adaxially dark green, sparsely pubescent when young but glabrescent, and gray pubescent along midvein, both surfaces yellowish when dry, midvein abaxially elevated and adaxially impressed, secondary veins 8-10 on each side of midvein and raised on both surfaces, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, margin undulate-serrulate, apex shortly acuminate to acuminate. Flowers axillary, solitary, 2-2.5 cm in diam. Pedicel 3-5 mm, densely yellow spreading villous; bracteoles 2, green, leaflike, oblong or lanceolate, 1-2.5 × 0.3-0.7 cm. Sepals 5, persistent, green, leaflike, ovate, 0.5-1.5 cm, outside grayish yellow sericeous, inside glabrous. Petals 5 or 6, white, obovate, 1-1.4 cm, outside yellow sericeous, inside glabrous, basally connate for 2-3 mm. Stamens numerous, 6-8 mm, glabrous; outer filament whorl basally connate and adnate to petals. Ovary globose, ca. 3 mm in diam., densely flavescent velutinous, 5-loculed, apex slightly 5-lobed from carpels being incompletely connate; styles 5, distinct, ca. 5 mm, basally velutinous. Fruit drupaceous, indehiscent, long obovoid, 4-5 × 2.5-3 cm, 5-loculed with 2 seeds per locule, apex with a sunken hole with 5 protuberances; pericarp ca. 5 mm thick and fleshy when fresh, becoming brown, 1-2 mm thick, and leathery when dry. Seeds brown, laterally compressed, oblong, ca. 2 × 1 × 0.4 cm, shiny. Fl. May, fr. Sep-Nov. 2n = 30.

Forests on hills, slopes, or in valleys; 1000-2000 m. S Yunnan [Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].

Only Pyrenaria diospyricarpa var. diospyricarpa occurs in China; P. diospyricarpa var. camelliiflora (Kurz) S. X. Yang occurs in Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.


中国植物物种信息-云南植物志
拉丁名:

Pyrenaria diospyricarpa Kurz

中文名:叶萼核果茶
分类等级:种
父级中文名:核果茶属
父拉丁名:Pyrenaria Blume, ampl. H. Keng
云南植物志卷册:8
科中文名:山茶科
科拉丁名:Theaceae
全文:3.叶萼核果茶(新拟)图版79:1—3
云南华核果茶、车里华核果茶(植物分类学报),云南核果茶、景洪核果茶、短叶核果茶(图鉴补编),长苞紫茎、云南紫茎(中山大学学报)
Pyrenaria diospyricarpa Kurz (1873), et (1877).
Pyrenaria garrettiana Craib (1924), (1925); Gagnep. in Lecomte (1943); H. Keng in T. Smitinand et K. Larsen (1972); 图鉴补编 (1983), in clavi.; 云南树木图志 (1991)*; P. yunnanensis Hu (1938); 图鉴补编 (1983), in clavi syn. nov.; P. cheliensis Hu (1938); 图鉴补编 (1983), in clavi; 云南树木图志 (1991)*, syn nov.; Sinopyrenaria yunnanensis (Hu) Hu (1956)*; 云南种子植物名录 (1984); Sinop. cheliensis (Hu) Hu (1956)*; 云南种子植物名录 (1984); Sinop. garrettiana (Craib) Hu (1956); Stewartia longibracteata H. T. Chang (1982), syn. nov.; St. yunnanensis H. T. Chang (1982); 图鉴补编 (1983), in clavi, syn. nov.; Pyrenaria brevisepala H. T. Chang (1983), nom. nud, et (1983), descr., syn. nov.
常绿乔木或小乔木,高5—8米;幼枝密被灰黄色短柔毛和开展长柔毛,一年生枝毛被宿存,变褐色。叶纸质,长圆形或长圆状椭圆形,长8—12(—15)厘米,宽3.5—5厘米,先端渐尖或短渐尖,基部楔形至宽楔形,边缘具波状浅锯齿,叶面深绿色,疏生短柔毛,沿中脉被灰色柔毛,背面疏生平伏柔毛,中脉上密被开展长柔毛,中脉在叶面凹陷,背面极突起,侧脉8—10对,纤细,两面侧脉和网脉突起;叶柄长约1厘米,密被柔毛。花单生或2—3朵簇生上部叶腋,白色,径2—2.5厘米;花梗粗壮,长约5毫米,密被柔毛;小苞片2,叶状,绿色,披针形,长1—2.5厘米,宽3—7毫米;萼片5,花蕾期为卵形,长5—7毫米,外面密被灰白色柔毛,花期和花后期萼片增大,变绿色叶状,长7—12(—15)毫米;花瓣5(—6),倒卵形,外面中部被白色微柔毛,长1—1.4厘米,基部合生成短管,长2—3毫米;雄蕊长约8毫米,无毛,外轮花丝基部与花瓣贴生;子房球形,径约3毫米,密被灰白色绒毛,花柱离生,5条,长约5毫米,基部被毛。果长倒卵形,具5棱,长4—5厘米,宽2.5—3厘米,先端凹陷,具5个突起的花柱残迹,基部具宿存萼片,5室,每室有种子2颗,果皮新鲜时黄绿色,肉质,厚3—4毫米,干后呈革质,厚仅1毫米,褐色;种子压扁,长圆形,长约2厘米,宽约1厘米,厚约4毫米,栗色,有光泽,种脐线形。花期5月,果期9—11月。
产景洪、勐海、澜沧、孟连和沧源;生于海拔1000—2000米的沟谷或山坡常绿阔叶林中。分布泰国和越南北部。
本种在云南南部较常见,由于过去花、果标本(特别是新鲜材料)不全,以致先后被误作 P. yunnanensis Hu,P. cheliensis Hu,P. brevisepala H. T. Chang 等新种发表。

中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Pyrenaria diospyricarpa Kurz

种中文名:车里石笔木
属拉丁名:Pyrenaria
属中文名:石壁木(核果茶)属
科拉丁名:Theaceae
科中文名:茶科
种下等级:Pyrenaria cheliensis Hu; Pyrenaria yunnanensis Hu
生境:生境: 常绿阔叶林中
海拔下限:1500
海拔上限:1800
经度:东经100-104°E(云南省:澜沧-云南省:马关)
纬度:北纬21-24°N(云南省:勐腊-云南省:丘北)
凭证标本:冯国楣14337 王启无73388 王启无77237
引种栽培:非人工引种栽培
国内分布:云南省: 滇东南, 滇缅老越边境区, 滇越边境区, 景洪, 澜沧, 马关, 勐海, 勐腊, 屏边, 丘北
是否中国特有:是


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Pyrenaria diospyricarpa Theaceae Kurz J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 42(2): 60 1873

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
44262525 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa yun nan zhi wu zhi ke xue chu ban she 8
44262523 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa yun nan zhi wu zhi ke xue chu ban she 8
44261212 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa The journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Calcutta : Bishop's College Press, v.42:pt.2 (1873)
44261211 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa Indian trees : an account of trees, shrubs, woody climbers, bamboos, and palms indigenous or commonly cultivated in the … London : A. Constable,
44261214 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa A manual of Indian timbers: an account of the structure, growth, distribution, and qualities of Indian woods. Calcutta Office of the Superintendent of Govt. Printing
44261209 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa The Bradley bibliography; a guide to the literature of the woody plants of the world published before the beginning of t… Cambridge, Riverside Press, v.2
44261215 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa A manual of Indian timbers; an account of the growth, distribution, and uses of the trees and shrubs of India and Ceylon… London : S. Low, Marston & co. ltd.,
44261216 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa Novon a journal of botanical nomenclature from the Missouri Botanical Garden. St. Louis, MO : Missouri Botanical Garden, v. 15 2005
44262524 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa yun nan zhi wu zhi ke xue chu ban she 8
44262522 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa yun nan zhi wu zhi ke xue chu ban she 8

相关连数据 GBIF:Global Biodiversity Information Facility
详细信息种拉丁名SCIENTIFIC NAME分类分布
912548616 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa Pyrenaria camelliiflora Kurz THEACEAE
912548611 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa Pyrenaria diospyricarpa Kurz THEACEAE
912548620 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa Pyrenaria camelliiflora Kurz THEACEAE
1141139638 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa Pyrenaria camelliiflora Kurz Plantae|Magnoliopsidae|Ericales|Theaceae
1141456111 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa Pyrenaria camelliiflora Kurz Plantae|Magnoliopsidae|Ericales|Theaceae
1318451603 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa Pyrenaria camelliiflora Kurz Plantae, Dicotyledonae, Theales, Theaceae Asia-Tropical, Myanmar
912548605 Pyrenaria diospyricarpa Pyrenaria diospyricarpa Kurz THEACEAE