缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Taiwania cryptomerioides

来源:GBIF
来源:
来源:botany.si.edu
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Taxodiaceae
134420

Smithsonian Institution-缅甸植物名录
种拉丁名:

Taiwania cryptomerioides

属拉丁名:Taiwania
种下等级:
作者名:Hayata
生境:Tree
分布:Kachin
COMMON_NAMES:Chinese Coffin Tree, Shangbe, Tayok-khaung-bin
来源:botany.si.edu

Efloras
所属科:Taxodiaceae
父拉丁名:Taiwania
分类等级:种

Taiwania cryptomerioides

台湾杉
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200005401
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 4
1. Taiwania cryptomerioides Hayata, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37: 330. 1906.

台湾杉 tai wan shan

Taiwania cryptomerioides var. flousiana (Gaussen) Silba; T. flousiana Gaussen; T. yunnanensis Koidzumi.

Trees to 75 m tall; trunk to 3.5 m d.b.h.; bark brownish gray, cracking into long, irregular flakes; crown conical or broadly rounded. Leaves of old branchlets 1.5-8(-9) mm × 0.8-2.5 mm, stomata in 8-13 rows on adaxial, long side and in 6-9 rows on 2 abaxial flanks. Leaves of young trees and new branchlets borne at 40-70° to axis, bluish green, 1-2.5 cm × 1.2-2 mm, stomata in 3-6 rows on each surface. Pollen cones in clusters of 2-7; microsporophylls 10-36, each with 2 or 3 pollen sacs. Seed cones shortly cylindric to ellipsoid or narrowly so, 1-2.2 cm × 6-11 mm; cone scales 15-39, median scales broadly obdeltoid, 6-7 × 7-8 mm, claw ca. 2/5 × total length of scale. Seeds oblong-ovate, narrowly elliptic, or narrowly elliptic-obovate, 4-7 × 2.5-4.5 mm (including wings 1-1.5 mm wide projecting 1-1.5 mm beyond apex of seed). Pollination Apr-May, seed maturity Oct-Nov. 2n = 22*, 33.

Coniferous, broad-leaved, or mixed evergreen valley forests on acid, red, or brown soils in warm or warm temperate regions with high summer and autumn rainfall but drier winters, usually scattered and associated with Chamaecyparis formosensis, C. obtusa var. formosana, Cunninghamia lanceolata, Pinus wallichiana, or Tsuga dumosa, but sometimes forming pure stands; 500-2800 m. SE Guizhou (Leigong Shan), SW Hubei (Lichuan Xian, Maoba), SE Sichuan (Youyang Xian), Taiwan (Zhongyang Shan), SE Xizang (Zayü Xian), W Yunnan [N Myanmar]

A rare species in China, decreasing as a result of cutting for timber. It may attain an age of over 2000 years and, within its native range, can be used for afforestation. The wood is easily worked, and is used in building, making furniture and coffins ("Chinese coffin tree"), bridge and boat construction, and paper manufacture.

This taxon was lectotypified (Ohashi, H. & K. Ohashi. 2008. J. Jap. Bot. 83: 177-184) after publication of the family treatment for the Flora of China.


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Taiwania cryptomerioides Hayata

中文名:台湾杉
保护植物:国家Ⅱ级保护植物
经济利用类型:
分类等级:种
父级中文名:台湾杉属
父级拉丁名:Taiwania Hayata
科拉丁名:TAXODIACEAE Warming
科中文名:杉科
中国植物志卷册:7
全文:2.台湾杉(中国树木分类学)台湾松(中国裸子植物志),台杉(中国高等植物图鉴)图版67:12-17
Taiwania cryptomerioides Hayata in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37: 330. t. 16. 1906, in Bot. Mag. Tokyo 21: 21. t. l. f. 23. 1907, et in Journ. Coll. Sci. Tokyo 25 (19): 215. 1908,台湾植物图谱2: 148. 1912; Mast. In Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37: 424. 1906; Beissn. Handb. Nadelh. ed. 2. 484. 1909, Beissn. u. Fitsch. ibidem ed. 3. 465. 1930; Clinton-Beker Illustr. Conif. 3: 75. cum tab. 1913; 金平亮三, 台湾树木志615. 1917, 增补改版53.图版19. 图17. 1936; Rehd. in Bailey, Cult. Evergreens 237. f. 58. 1923; Dallimore and Jackson, Handb. Conif. 496. 1923, ed. 3. 604. 1948, rev. Harrison, Handb. Conif. and Ginkgo. ed. 4. 582. f. 116. 1966, quoad plant. Taiwan., excl. syn.; Pilger in Engler u. Prantl, Pflanzenfam. ed. 2. 3: 357. t. 188. 1926; Bailey, Cult. Conif. 146. f. 68. 1933;陈嵘, 中国树木分类学49.图36. 1937,仅指台湾的植物; 郝景盛, 中国裸子植物志99. 图 21. 1947, 再版83. 图21. 1951, 均仅指台湾的植物; Li et Keng in Taiwania 5: 71. t. 23. 1954;郑万钧等,中国树木学1: 218.图97. 1961; Li, Woody Fl. Taiwan 57. f. 13. 1963;中国科学院植物研究所,中国高等植物图鉴1: 314. 1972.
乔木,高达60米,胸径3米;枝平展,树冠广圆形。大树之叶钻形、腹背隆起,背脊和先端向内弯曲,长3-5毫米,两侧宽2-2.5毫米,腹面宽1-1.5毫米,稀长至9毫米,宽4.5毫米,四面均有气孔线,下面每边8-10条,上面每边8-9条; 幼树及萌生枝上之叶的两侧扁的四棱钻形,微向内侧弯曲,先端锐尖,长达2.2厘米,宽约2毫米。雄球花2-5个簇生枝顶,雄蕊10-15枚,每雄蕊有2-3个花药,雌球花球形,球果卵圆形或短圆柱形;中部种鳞长约7毫米,宽8毫米,上部边缘膜质,先端中央有突起的小尖头,背面先端下方有不明显的圆形腺点;种子长椭圆形或长椭圆状倒卵形,连翅长6毫米,径4.5毫米。球果10-11月成熟。
为我国特有树种,产于台湾中央山脉(模式标本产地)海拔1800-2600米地带。常散生于红桧及台湾扁柏林中,间有小块纯林。
为我国台湾的主要用材树种之一,心材紫红褐色,边材深黄褐色带红,纹理直,结构细、均匀。可供建筑、桥梁、电杆、舟车、家具、板材及造纸原料等用材。也是台湾的主要造林树种。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-001-47992

中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Taiwania cryptomerioides Hayata

植物种信息:47992
其它中文俗名:台湾松(中国裸子植物志),台杉(中国高等植物图鉴)
种中文名:台湾杉
属拉丁名:Taiwania
属中文名:台湾杉属
科拉丁名:Taxodiaceae
科中文名:杉科
生境:生境: 柏林中
海拔下限:1800
海拔上限:2600
经度:东经120-122°E(台湾省:嘉义-台湾省:宜兰)
纬度:北纬23-25°N(台湾省:嘉义-台湾省:宜兰)
凭证标本:本种没有凭证标本资料
引种栽培:非人工引种栽培
国内分布:台湾省: 嘉义, 宜兰
是否中国特有:是


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Taiwania cryptomerioides Taxodiaceae Hayata J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37(260): 330–331, pl. 16 1906

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
44499366 Taiwania cryptomerioides tai wan mu ben zhi wu tu zhi guo li tai wan da xue nong xue yuan yin hang shang juan
44500426 Taiwania cryptomerioides Inventory of seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Washington, D.C. : G.P.O., 62-73, 1923-1924
44491714 Taiwania cryptomerioides The journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. Bombay : Bombay Natural History Society, v.44 (1943-1944)
44492764 Taiwania cryptomerioides Arnoldia. Jamaica Plain, Mass., Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University v.51:no.4 (1991) [15th Anniversary Issue]
44491706 Taiwania cryptomerioides Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. Cambridge, Mass. : Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University [etc.], v.7-8 (1926-1927)
44492762 Taiwania cryptomerioides Anzeiger / Kaiserliche Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse. Wien : In Kommission bei A. Hölder, jahrg. 54-55 1917-18
44499359 Taiwania cryptomerioides Rare Tropical Timbers 1988
44499333 Taiwania cryptomerioides Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Geology. London : BM(NH) v.2 (1953-1956)
44499342 Taiwania cryptomerioides Embryogenesis in plants. London, Methuen;
44500430 Taiwania cryptomerioides Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. Cambridge, Mass. : Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University [etc.], v.3-4 (1922-1923)

相关连数据 GBIF:Global Biodiversity Information Facility
详细信息种拉丁名SCIENTIFIC NAME分类分布
1258628268 Taiwania cryptomerioides Taiwania flousiana Gaussen
912137775 Taiwania cryptomerioides Taiwania cryptomerioides Hayata CUPRESSACEAE Myitkina Distr.
1258928758 Taiwania cryptomerioides Taiwania cryptomerioides Hayata