缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Sclerochloa dura

来源:
来源:中国植物志
来源:
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Poaceae
134488

Efloras
所属科:Poaceae
父拉丁名:Sclerochloa
分类等级:种

Sclerochloa dura

硬草
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=220012273
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 22
1. Sclerochloa dura (Linnaeus) P. Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 98. 1812.

硬草 ying cao

Cynosurus durus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 72. 1753.

Annual forming small dense tuft. Culms ascending or decumbent, 5–15 cm tall. Leaf sheaths smooth, glabrous, lower papery, whitish; leaf blades flat, 1.5–7 cm × 2–4 mm, glabrous, adaxial surface scabrid; ligule 1–3 mm, acute. Panicle elliptic-oblong in outline, dense, stiff, 1–5 cm, scarcely exserted from uppermost leaf sheath; branches bearing a single spikelet or shortly racemose near middle. Spikelets narrowly oblong, 6–10 mm, florets 3–5, lower 2–3 fertile, upper male or sterile; glumes ovate-oblong, lower glume 2–3 mm, upper glume 3.5–5 mm; lemmas ovate-oblong, lowest 4.8–6 mm, the upper much shorter, all veins prominent, apex obtuse to emarginate. Anthers 0.8–1.3 mm. Caryopsis 2.5–3.5 mm, brown. 2n = 14.

Hill slopes; 500–1000 m. Xinjiang (Tian Shan) [Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan; SW Asia, C and S Europe; introduced in Australia and the United States].


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Sclerochloa dura (L.) P. Beauv.

中文名:硬草
经济利用类型:
分类等级:种
父级中文名:硬草属
父级拉丁名:Sclerochloa Beauv.
科拉丁名:GRAMINEAE (POACEAE)
科中文名:禾本科
中国植物志卷册:9(2)
全文: 2.硬草(拟)
Sclerochloa dura (L.) Beauv. in Ess. Agrost. 98. 1812; Griseb. in Ledeb. Fl. Ross. 4: 377. 1852; Roshev. in Kom. Fl. URSS. 2: 364, Pl. 27. f. 19a 1934; Tzvel. in Fed. Poac. URSS 513. 1976; Davis, Fl. Turkey 9: 509. 1985. ——Cynosurus durus L. Sp. Pl. 72. 1753.
一年生。秆簇生,高5-15厘米,自基部分枝,膝曲上升。叶鞘平滑无毛,中部以下闭合;叶舌短,膜质,顶端尖;叶片线状披针形,无毛,上面粗糙。圆锥花序长约5厘米,紧密;分枝粗短;小穗含3-5小花,线状披针形,长达10毫米,第一颖长约为第二颖长之半,具3-5脉;外稃革质,具脊,顶端钝,具7脉。染色体2n=14(Avdulov 1928)。
产新疆(天山)。生于中山石质地带,海拔500-1000米。广布于欧洲、地中海地区、俄罗斯、小亚细亚、伊朗、亚洲喜马拉雅地区。模式标本采自欧洲南部。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-233-08608


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Sclerochloa dura Poaceae (L.) P. Beauv. Ess. Agrostogr. 98, 174, 177, pl. 19, f. 4 1812

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
19343970 Sclerochloa dura Bulletin de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou. Moscou : Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou, t.40:no.2-4 (1867) [Imperfect]
19359498 Sclerochloa dura August Garckes illustrierte Flora von Deutschland : zum Gebrauche auf Exkursionen, in Schulen und zum Selbstunterricht. Berlin : P. Parey,
19355586 Sclerochloa dura Additamenta ad Conspectum florae europaeae editum a cl. C.F. Nyman =Beiträge zu C.F. Nyman's Conspectus florae europaea… Berlin : Haude & Spener,
19352973 Sclerochloa dura Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten. Hamburg : Lucas Gr & Sillem, jahrg. 30, beiheft 2-3 (1912)
19347867 Sclerochloa dura Flora von Bayern / von Franz Vollmann. Stuttgart : E. Ulmer,
19343982 Sclerochloa dura Catalogo dei semi raccolti nell' anno ... [Rome] : Orto botanico della R. Università di Roma. 1874-1875, 1877, 1879-1883, 1899-1902, 1904-1914,
19341416 Sclerochloa dura Botanische Jahrbücher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie. Stuttgart [etc.] Schweizerbart [etc.] v.57 (1920-1922)
19340156 Sclerochloa dura Revue de botanique; bulletin mensuel de la Société Française de Botanique. Toulouse, Au secrétariat de la Société. t.11-12 1893-1894
19355588 Sclerochloa dura Allgemeine botanische Zeitschrift für Systematik, Floristik, Pflanzengeographie etc. Karlsruhe : J.J. Reiff, Jahrg. 6 (1900)
19355584 Sclerochloa dura Abhandlungen der Naturhistorischen Gesellschaft zu Nürnberg. Nürnberg : Conrad Geiger, v. 17 1907