缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium elegans

来源:GBIF
来源:中国植物志
来源:botany.si.edu
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
135489

Smithsonian Institution-缅甸植物名录
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium elegans

属拉丁名:Cymbidium
种下等级:
作者名:Lindl.
生境:Epiphyte
分布:Kachin
COMMON_NAMES:
Cyperorchis elegans (Lindl.) Blume
来源:botany.si.edu
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium elegans

属拉丁名:Cymbidium
种下等级:
作者名:Lindl.
生境:Epiphyte
分布:Kachin
COMMON_NAMES:
Cyperorchis elegans (Lindl.) Blume
来源:botany.si.edu

Efloras
所属科:Orchidaceae
父拉丁名:Cymbidium
分类等级:种

Cymbidium elegans

莎草兰
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=242316333
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 25
26. Cymbidium elegans Lindley, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 163. 1833.

莎草兰 suo cao lan

Plants epiphytic or lithophytic, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs subovoid, bilaterally flattened, 4-9 × 2-3 cm, enclosed in persistent leaf bases. Leaves 6-16, distichous, lorate, 45-80 × 1-1.7(-2) cm, articulate 4-10 cm from base, apex acuminate or obtuse and usually slightly 2-lobed. Inflorescence arising from lower part of pseudobulb, usually arching, 40-50 cm; rachis pendulous or nodding, centrifugal or centripetal, densely 18-35-flowered; floral bracts small, 2-3 mm. Flowers slightly fragrant, pendulous, narrowly bell-shaped, not opening widely; pedicel and ovary 12-21 mm; sepals and petals cream-yellow to pale yellowish green, sometimes tinged pale pink; lip cream-yellow to pale yellowish green, occasionally with reddish spots, lamellae bright orange. Sepals narrowly obovate-lanceolate, 34-43 × 7-11 mm, apex acute. Petals broadly linear-oblanceolate, 30-40 × 5-8 mm, apex obtuse; lip oblanceolate-triangular, 30-40 × 4-8 mm, base fused to basal margins of column for 2-3 mm, 3-lobed; lateral lobes loosely clasping column, not ciliate; mid-lobe small, 6-10 × 5-8 mm, margin slightly undulate, apex slightly bilobed and incurved; disk minutely papillate on lateral lobes and densely pubescent at center of mid-lobe, with 2 longitudinal lamellae extending from base of lip to near base of mid-lobe; lamellae sparsely pubescent, convergent at their apices and with a longitudinal channel between them, sometimes each lamella with a lanceolate appendage 3-5 mm on outside below middle. Column 28-32 mm, puberulent toward base, narrowly winged; pollinia 2, subclavate-obovoid.

Trees in forests, cliffs; 1700-2800 m. SW Sichuan, SE Xizang, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, N Vietnam].


1 Lamellae on lip without appendages.   26a var. elegans
+ Lamellae on lip each with a lanceolate appendage on outside.   26b var. lushuiense


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Cymbidium elegans Lindl.

中文名:莎草兰
保护植物:国家Ⅰ级保护植物
经济利用类型:观赏植物 /
分类等级:种
父级中文名:莎草兰组
父级拉丁名:Sect. Cyperorchis (Bl.) P. F. Hunt
科拉丁名:ORCHIDACEAE
科中文名:兰科
中国植物志卷册:18
全文: 16.莎草兰(植物分类学报)图版36:4-5
Cymbidium elegans Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orch. Pl. 163. 1833; Du Puy et Cribb, Genus Cymbidium 145. pl. 22. phot. 109-111. fig. 26 (3). 1988;中国兰花 (第二版) 63.1993; 中国兰花全书86.图5-12.彩图5-12. 1998.——Cymbidium longi ——folium D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 36. 1825. nom. rej.; Y. S. WuetS. C. Chen in Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18 (3): 304. fig. 2 (5). 1980;横断山区维管植物2: 2602. 1994. “longiflorum”. ——Cyperorchis elegans (Lindl.) Bl., Rumphia 4: 47. 1848.
附生草本;假鳞茎近卵形,长4-9厘米,宽2-3厘米,包藏于叶基之内。叶6-13枚,二列,带形,长45-80厘米,宽1-1.7厘米,先渐尖或钝,通常略2裂,关节位于距基部4-10厘米处。花葶从假鳞茎下部叶腋内长出,通常长40-50厘米,下弯;总状花序下垂,具20余朵花;花苞片小,长2-3毫米;花梗和子房长1.2-2.1厘米;花下垂,狭钟形,几不开放,稍有香气,奶油黄色至淡黄绿色,有时略有淡粉红色晕或唇瓣上偶见少数红斑点,褶片亮橙黄色;萼片狭倒卵状披针形,长3.4-4.3厘米,宽7-9毫米;花瓣宽线状倒披针形,长3-4厘米,宽5-6毫米;唇瓣倒披针状三角形,长3-4厘米,3裂,基部与蕊柱合生约2-3毫米;侧裂片多少围抱蕊柱,常具很小的乳突,边缘无缘毛;中裂片较小,长8-10毫米,宽5-6毫米,中央有1个密生短毛的斑块,边缘稍波状;唇盘上的2条纵褶片从基部延伸至中裂片基部,在近末端处汇合并具短毛,在基部增粗并在两褶片间形成槽状凹陷;蕊柱长2.8-3.2厘米,腹面下部疏生微毛;花粉团2个,近棒状。蒴果椭圆形,长2-2.5厘米,宽1.5-2厘米。花期10-12月。
产四川西南部、云南西北部至东南部和西藏东南部。生于林中树上或岩壁上,海拔1700-2800米。尼泊尔、不丹、锡金、印度、缅甸也有分布。模式标本采自尼泊尔。
本种的最早名称应为Cymbidium longifolium D. Don (1825) 。但因Lindley用此名 称来指另一种植物,亦即长叶兰Cymbidium erythraeum Lindl.,并被后人长期沿用。后 者虽已恢复使用,但若再用Cymb. longifolium D. Don取代Cymb. elegans Lindl.又会引起混乱,故Du Puy et Cribb建议废弃Cymb. longifolium D. Don [见Taxon 37 (2): 487. 1988] , 我们同意这一建议。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-027-34900

中国植物物种信息-云南植物志
拉丁名:

Cymbidium elegans Lindl.

中文名:莎草兰
分类等级:种
父级中文名:兰属
父拉丁名:Cymbidium Sw.
云南植物志卷册:14
科中文名:兰科
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
生境: 附生于阔叶林树上, 附生于树上, 林中, 丘陵, 山谷林下, 山坡林中, 树上
全文:16.莎草兰(植物分类学报)
长叶兰(图鉴),香莎草兰(台湾),雪兰(植物名实图考)
Cymbidium elegans Lindl. (1832), nom. nud.; (1833), descr.; Hook. f. (1888)*; Du Puy et Cribb (1988)*; 中国兰花 (1993); 中国兰花全书 (1998)*; 中国植物志 (1999)*.
Cymbidium longifolium D. Don (1825) nom. rej.; Hara (1978); Y. S. Wu et S. C. Chen (1980)*; 西藏植物志 (1987); 横断山区维管植物 (1994) ut "longiflorum"; 高黎贡山植物 (2000); Cyperorchis elegans (Lindl.) Bl. (1848); King et Pantl. (1898)*; Tuyama in Hara (1966); 图鉴 (1976)*; Hook. f. (1890); Bailey (1914); Arethusantha bletioides Finet (1897)*; Cyperorchis longifolium (D. Don) Schltr. (1924), quoad basinym.; Hand.-Mazz. (1936); Cymbidium babae kudo ex Masamune (1932)*, (1933); Cyperorchis babae Kudo ex Masamune (1932)*, (1933); Cymbidium kanran Makino var. babae (Kudo) Ying (1977).
附生草本。假鳞茎近卵形,长4—9厘米,宽2—3厘米,包藏于叶基之内。叶6—13枚,二列,带形,长45—80厘米,宽1—1.7厘米,先端渐尖或钝,通常略2裂,关节位于距基部4—10厘米处。花葶从假鳞茎下部叶腋内长出,通常长400—50厘米,下弯;总状花序下垂,具20余朵花;花苞片小,长2—3毫米;花梗和子房长1.2—2.1厘米;花下垂,狭钟形,几不开放,稍有香气,奶油黄色至淡黄绿色,有时略有淡粉红色晕或唇瓣上偶见少数红斑点,褶片亮橙黄色;萼片狭倒卵状披针形,长3.4—4.3厘米,宽7—9毫米;花瓣宽线状倒披针形,长3—4厘米,宽5—6毫米;唇瓣倒披针状三角形,长3—4厘米,3裂,基部与蕊柱合生约2—3毫米;侧裂片多少围抱蕊柱,常具很小的乳突,边缘无缘毛;中裂片较小,长8—10毫米,宽5—6毫米,中央有1个密生短毛的斑块,边缘稍波状;唇盘上的2条纵褶片从基部延伸至中裂片基部,在近末端处汇合并具短毛,在基部增粗并在两褶片间形成槽状凹陷;蕊柱长2.8—3.2厘米,腹面下部疏生微毛;花粉团2个,近棒状;蒴果椭圆形,长2—2.5厘米,宽1.5—2厘米。花期9—12月。
产怒江河谷、贡山、福贡、中甸、临沧、景东、绿春、屏边、金平及云南大部分地区。附生于海拔1300—2900米的山谷阔叶林树上或岩壁上。分布于西藏(墨脱)、四川峨眉山。尼泊尔、锡金、不丹、印度、缅甸也有。
本种的最早学名为 Cymbidium longifolium D. Don(1825),但因 Lindley 用此同一名称来称呼另一种植物,即现称的长叶兰 Cymbidium erythraceum Lindl.,并被后人长期沿用。为避免此二种植物学名上的混乱,Du Puy et Cribb 建议废弃 Cymbidium longifolium D. Don 一名,采用本植物的后出名作为本植物的正式种名。
国内地理分布:湖北省: 崇阳; 四川省: 峨眉, 康定; 贵州省: 荔波; 云南省: 滇南, 滇越边境区, 福贡, 高原地区, 贡山, 金沙江河谷, 景东, 澜沧红河中游区, 怒江河谷, 中甸; 西藏自治区: 墨脱

中国种子植物
种拉丁名:

Cymbidium elegans Lindl.

植物种信息:34900
种中文名:莎草兰
属拉丁名:Cymbidium
属中文名:兰属
科拉丁名:Orchidaceae
科中文名:兰科
生境:生境:林中树上或岩壁上
海拔下限:1700
海拔上限:2800
凭证标本:本种没有凭证标本资料
引种栽培:非人工引种栽培
国内分布:云南省:,
是否中国特有:否


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Cymbidium elegans Orchidaceae ! Lindl. Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 163 1833

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
51514053 Cymbidium elegans Orchid album :comprising coloured figures and descriptions of new, rare and beautiful orchidaceous plants /Conducted by … London : B. S. Williams, 1884
51518019 Cymbidium elegans The book of orchids, London, J. Lane,
51516682 Cymbidium elegans Archiv für Naturgeschichte. Berlin : Nicolai, Jahrg.16:Bd.1-2 (1850)
51522012 Cymbidium elegans The flora of British India /By J. D. Hooker assisted by various botanists. Published under the authority of the secretar… London : L. Reeve, v.6 (1894)
51506200 Cymbidium elegans The gardeners' magazine. London : Gardeners' magazine office. v.10(1867)
51507495 Cymbidium elegans The Illustrated dictionary of gardening : a practical and scientific encyclopaedia of horticulture for gardeners and bot… London : L. Upcott Gill ; division 8
51508815 Cymbidium elegans List of intercepted plant pests / United States Department of Agriculture, Plant Quarantine and Control Administration. [Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O.], 1948-1963
51522022 Cymbidium elegans Garden and forest; a journal of horticulture, landscape art and forestry. New York : The Garden and forest publishing co., v. 9 1896
51523349 Cymbidium elegans The Garden: an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches. London, v.50 1896
51508813 Cymbidium elegans List of intercepted plant pests / United States Department of Agriculture, Plant Quarantine and Control Administration. [Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O.], 1948-1963

相关连数据 GBIF:Global Biodiversity Information Facility
详细信息种拉丁名SCIENTIFIC NAME分类分布
1056367261 Cymbidium elegans Cyperorchis longifolia (D.Don) Schltr. Orchidaceae Burma; Asia; Myanmar
1056367144 Cymbidium elegans Cyperorchis elegans (Lindl.) Blume Orchidaceae Burma; Asia; Myanmar
1228033148 Cymbidium elegans Cymbidium longifolium D.Don Myanmar (Burma)
1056366745 Cymbidium elegans Cyperorchis longifolia (D.Don) Schltr. Orchidaceae Burma; Asia; Myanmar
1228028693 Cymbidium elegans Cymbidium longifolium D.Don Myanmar (Burma)
1322017130 Cymbidium elegans Cyperorchis elegans (Lindl.) Blume Plantae, Monocotyledonae, Orchidales, Orchidaceae Asia-Tropical, Myanmar, Kachin