缅甸植物参考名录
种拉丁名:

Epilobium ciliatum

来源:
来源:中国植物志
来源:
分布:缅甸
科拉丁名:Onagraceae
135822

Efloras
所属科:Onagraceae
父拉丁名:Epilobium
分类等级:种

Epilobium ciliatum

东北柳叶菜
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=242320552
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 13
30. Epilobium ciliatum Rafinesque, Med. Repos., ser. 2. 5: 361. 1808.

东北柳叶菜 dong bei liu ye cai

Epilobium glandulosum Lehmann var. asiaticum H. Hara; E. glandulosum var. kurilense (Nakai) H. Hara; E. kurilense Nakai; E. maximowiczii Haussknecht; E. punctatum H. Léveillé.

Herbs perennial, erect, with compact leafy rosettes or rarely fleshy turions that leave brown basal scales. Stems (10-)25-90(-150) cm tall, well-branched or rarely simple, strigillose and glandular pubescent, sparsely pubescent or glabrescent below, with raised strigillose lines decurrent from margins of petioles. Leaves sessile above, lower ones with petioles 1-3 mm; cauline blade lanceolate to narrowly ovate, 2.5-6(-7) × 0.6-1.5(-2) cm, subglabrous except for strigillose margin and veins, base rounded or rarely subcordate, margin serrulate with 10-30 teeth per side, apex acute to subacuminate. Inflorescence and flowers erect. Sepals 2.4-3.5 mm, keeled. Petals pink or white, rarely rose-purple, 3.5-5(-7) mm. Stigma clavate to cylindric, entire. Capsules 4.5-7 cm, sparsely strigillose and glandular; pedicels 0.5-0.8(-1.4) cm. Seeds brown, 0.8-1.2 mm, with conspicuous longitudinal ridges of flattened, fused papillae, with chalazal collar 0.08-0.1 mm; coma dull white, readily detaching. Fl. Jul-Aug(-Sep), fr. Aug-Oct. 2n = 36.

Moist disturbed places along streams, rivers, roadside ditches, slopes, and seeps; (700-)1200-2100 m. Heilongjiang, Jilin [Japan, Korea, Russia (Far East); extremely widespread in North and South America; naturalized in Asia, Australia, Europe, and New Zealand].

This variable taxon, which probably originated in North America, has become the most widespread and abundant species of Epilobium worldwide. Epilobium ciliatum subsp. glandulosum (Lehmann) Hoch & P. H. Raven occurs throughout montane and boreal North America; E. ciliatum subsp. watsonii (Barbey) Hoch & P. H. Raven occurs along the North American Pacific shoreline from C California to British Columbia.


中国植物物种信息

拉丁名:

Epilobium ciliatum Raf.

中文名:东北柳叶菜
经济利用类型:
分类等级:种
父级中文名:柳叶菜组
父级拉丁名:Sect. Epilobium
科拉丁名:ONAGRACEAE nom. conserv.
科中文名:柳叶菜科
中国植物志卷册:53(2)
全文: 34.东北柳叶菜(东北草本植物检索表)
Epilobium ciliatum Raf. Med. Repos. II. 5: 361. 1808; C. J. Chen, Hoch & Raven, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 34: 164, fig. 59. 1992.——Epilobium maximowiczii Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 29: 57. 1879.——E. puncatatum H. Lev. Bull. Acad. Geogr. Bot. 11: 316. 1902; et Icon. Gen. Epil. t. 145. 1910. ——E. kurilense Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 22: 83. 1908.——E. glandulosum var. kurilense (Nakai) H. Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 18: 238. 1942——E. glandulosum var. asiaticum H. Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 18: 241. 1942; et in Ohwi, Fl. Japan 853. 1953, et (English ed.) 658. 1965; et Enum. Sperm. Jap. 266. 1954. ——E. glandulosum auct. non Lehm.: 东北植物检索表236. 1959; 东北草本植物志6: 153. 1977. ——E. tenue auct. non Komarov: 东北植物检索表236. 1959;东北草本植物志6: 153. 1977. ——E. cylindrostigma auct. non Komarov: 东北植物检索表236. 1959; 东北草本植物志6: 151. 1977.
多年生直立草本,自茎基部生出莲座状芽,稀在地面下生出肉质鳞根出条。茎高 (10-)25-90(-150)厘米,粗2-5 (-8)毫米,多少分枝,周围被曲柔毛与腺毛,下部渐变无毛,但常有毛棱线。叶对生,花序上的互生,革质,披针形或狭卵形,长2.5-6 (-7)厘米,宽0.6-1.5 (-2)厘米,先端锐尖至近渐尖,基部圆形,稀近心形,边缘每边具(7-) 15-25(-32)枚细齿,侧脉每侧5-8条,脉上与边缘有曲柔毛,下部的叶渐变无毛;叶柄长1-3毫米,茎上部的无柄。花序直立,被曲柔毛与腺毛;苞片很小,狭披针形至线形。花直立;花蕾宽卵状至长圆状卵形,长2-2.5毫米,径1.5-2毫米;子房长0.8-2.8厘米,密被曲柔毛与腺毛;花柄长0.2-0.5厘米;花管长0.8-1.2毫米,径1.2-1.8毫米,喉部有一环稀疏的毛;萼片披针状长圆形,龙骨状,2.4-3.5毫米,宽0.7-1毫米,被曲柔毛与腺毛;花瓣粉红色至玫瑰紫色,稀白色,长圆状倒卵形,先端的凹缺深0.7-1.2毫米;花药宽卵状,长0.5-0.6毫米,径0.25-0.35毫米;花丝外轮的长2.5-3.2毫米,内部轮的长1.5-2.5毫米;花柱直立,长1.8-3.2毫米,无毛;柱头棍棒状至圆柱状,长0.8-2毫米,径0.6-0.8毫米,开花时围以外轮花药。蒴果长4.5-7厘米,直立,疏被曲柔毛与腺毛;果梗长0.5-0.8(-1.4)厘米。种子狭倒卵状至长圆状椭圆形,长0.8-1.2毫米,宽0.25-0.4毫米,顶端具喙,褐色,表面具明显的排列纵脊的乳突;种缨白色,长6-8毫米,易脱落。花期7-8 (-9)月,果期8-10月。染色体数n=18。
产黑龙江北部、吉林东部。生于溪沟旁、河床滩地、泉坑边、草坡等湿处,海拔(700-)1230-2100米。在亚洲俄罗斯远东地区、朝鲜、日本,在北美广布于阿拉斯加、加拿大、格陵兰、美国西部山区,中美洲的墨西哥、危地马拉,以及南美洲的智利与阿根廷等也广泛分布。在欧洲与大洋洲也有野化居群。
本种在我国最近几年才被记录,过去常被误定为E. tenue Kom., cylindrostigma Kom. 等。
中国植物物种信息数据库编号:CPNI-301-13236


相关连数据 Tropicos
SCIENTIFIC_NAME科拉丁名NAME_TYPEAUTHORSREFERENCEDATE_CALL
Epilobium ciliatum Onagraceae Raf. Med. Repos., ser. 2, 5: 361 1808

相关连数据 Biodiversity Heritage Library
详细信息种拉丁名文献标题出版地出版社
32543891 Epilobium ciliatum Riparian and wetland community inventory of 14 reference areas in southwestern Idaho / Boise, Idaho : Bureau of Land Management, Idaho State Office, no. 98-05
32696656 Epilobium ciliatum The Great Basin naturalist. Provo, Utah : M.L. Bean Life Science Museum, Brigham Young University, v.49 (1989)
32542592 Epilobium ciliatum Rhodora [Cambridge, Mass., etc.] New England Botanical Club [etc.] v.46 (1944)
32704242 Epilobium ciliatum Sensitive plant surveys in the Big Belt and Elkhorn Mountains, U.S.D.A. Forest Service, Region 1, Helena National Forest… Helena, Mont. : Montana Natural Heritage Program, 1993
32539945 Epilobium ciliatum Madroño; a West American journal of botany. Berkeley, California Botanical Society. v.58:no.3 (2011:July-Sept.)
32545200 Epilobium ciliatum Riparian and wetland plant associations of southwestern Idaho : with a focus on the Bureau of Land Management's Lower Sn… Denver, Colo. : U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, National Science and Technology Center, Information and Communica…
32694184 Epilobium ciliatum Syllogeus. Ottawa, National Museum of Natural Sciences, no.50(1983)
32694183 Epilobium ciliatum Syllogeus. Ottawa, National Museum of Natural Sciences, no.50(1983)
32532112 Epilobium ciliatum Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden St. Louis : Missouri Botanical Garden Press, v.69 (1982)
32695395 Epilobium ciliatum Ecological land classification of Big Hill Springs Provincial Park, Alberta / [Edmonton] : Alberta Environmental Protection,