数据列表:
守宫木属 : 植物 | eFloras | 来源:http://www.efloras.org/
守宫木属 : 植物 | 中国植物物种信息 | 来源:http://www.plants.csdb.cn/
守宫木属 : 植物 | 中国植物物种信息-云南植物志 | 来源:http://www.plants.csdb.cn/
守宫木属 : 植物 | 中国种子植物 | 来源:中国种子植物光盘

Efloras
所属科:Euphorbiaceae
父拉丁名:Euphorbiaceae
分类等级:属

Sauropus

守宫木属
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=129335
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 11
11. Sauropus Blume, Bijdr. 595. 1826.

守宫木属 shou gong mu shu

Authors:Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Thomas G. Hartley, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Thomas G. Hartley, Yinzheng Wang, Michael G. Gilbert, Brian F. Mathew, Christopher Brickell, Jin-shuang Ma, Michele Funston, Zhixiang Zhang, Michele Funston, Hua Peng, Michele Funston, Shumei Huang, Lawrence M. Kelly, Michael G. Gilbert, Qiner Yang, Michael G. Gilbert, Hua Peng, Richard A. Howard, Dezhi Fu, Donald H. Les, Haining Qin, Bruce Bartholomew, Jin-shuang Ma, Bruce Bartholomew, Jiarui Chen, Michele Funston, Zhi-Yun Zhang, Hongda Zhang, Peter K. Endress, Delin Wu, W. John Kress, Lianli Lu, Martin Cheek, Matthew H. P. Jebb, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Yung-chien Tseng, Nianhe Xia, Michael G. Gilbert, Tse-Hsiang Pen, Rudolf V. Kamelin, Shumei Huang, Michael G. Gilbert, Huaxing Qiu, Lynn J. Gillespie, Bingtao Li, Maria Vorontsova, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Kai Larsen, Supee Saksuwan Larsen, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Ding Hou, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Kai Larsen, Supee Saksuwan Larsen, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Kai Larsen, Supee Saksuwan Larsen, Puhua Huang, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Hang Sun, Kai Larsen, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Puhua Huang, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Yu Iokawa, Tomoyuki Nemoto, Yingxin Liu, Langran Xu, Chang Zhaoyang, Xiangyun Zhu, Hang Sun, Gennady P. Yakovlev, Byoung-Hee Choi, Kai Larsen, Bruce Bartholomew, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Kai Larsen, Supee Saksuwan Larsen, Jianqiang Li, Hang Sun, Roger M. Polhill, Michael G. Gilbert, Jianqiang Li, Roger M. Polhill, Michael G. Gilbert, Bojian Bao, Nicholas J. Turland, Zhi Wei, Les Pedley, Nianhe Xia, Nicholas J. Turland, Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Henk van der Werff, Hongbin Cui, Henk van der Werff, Haining Qin, Shirley A. Graham, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Liu Zhongjian, Xinqi Chen, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Paul Ormerod, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Phillip J. Cribb, Stephan W. Gale, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Phillip J. Cribb, Hua Peng, David J. Mabberley, Hua Peng, David J. Mabberley, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Bi-xing Sun, Sylvia M. Phillips, De-Zhu Li, Zhenhua Guo, Chris Stapleton, Sheng-lian Lu, Xiang Chen, Susan G. Aiken, Zhen-lan Wu, Sheng-lian Lu, Liang Liu, Guanghua Zhu, Shou-liang Chen, Xiang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Robert J. Soreng, Susan G. Aiken, Nikolai N. Tzvelev, Marina V. Olonova, Zheng-de Zhu, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, Nianhe Xia, Liang-zhi Jia, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, Bi-xing Sun, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, Mingli Zhang, Magnus Lidén, Mingli Zhang, Magnus Lidén, Mingli Zhang, Christopher Grey-Wilson, Mingli Zhang, Christopher Grey-Wilson, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Guanghua Zhu, Liang Liu, Robert J. Soreng, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Sheng-lian Lu, Sylvia M. Phillips, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, Nianhe Xia, Chris Stapleton, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Thomas G. Hartley, Hui Ren, Jun Wen, Liu Quanru, Michele Funston, Zhixiang Zhang, Michele Funston, Zhen-yu Li, Nigel P. Taylor, Mingli Zhang, Gordon C. Tucker, Hua Peng, Thomas G. Hartley, Jiarui Chen, Michele Funston, Dezhi Fu, Peter K. Endress, Liguo Fu, Yong-fu Yu, Michael G. Gilbert, Dequan Lu, Heidrun E. K. Hartmann, Guofang Wu, Kai Larsen, Ya Tang, Sue Zmarzty, Yousheng Chen, Qiner Yang, Hideaki Ohba, Vladimir V. Nikitin, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Delin Wu, Ivan C. Nielsen, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Kai Larsen, Supee Saksuwan Larsen, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Puhua Huang, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Yu Iokawa, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Kai Larsen, Supee Saksuwan Larsen, Xiangyun Zhu, Kai Larsen, Puhua Huang, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Delin Wu, Ivan C. Nielsen, Bojian Bao, Gregory Kenicer, Hang Sun, Kai Larsen, Zhi Wei, Les Pedley, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Bojian Bao, Michael A. Vincent, Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Henk van der Werff, Puhua Huang, Henk van der Werff, Xinqi Chen, Jaap J. Vermeulen, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Guanghua Zhu, Zhanhe Ji, Jeffrey J. Wood, Howard P. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Phillip J. Cribb, Stephan W. Gale, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Phillip J. Cribb, Stephan W. Gale, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Paul Ormerod, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Hua Peng, David J. Mabberley, Hua Peng, David J. Mabberley, Hua Peng, David J. Mabberley, Hua Peng, David J. Mabberley, Sheng-lian Lu, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Liang Liu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Bi-xing Sun, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zheng-ping Wang, Chris Stapleton, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Mingli Zhang, Christopher Grey-Wilson, Mingli Zhang, Christopher Grey-Wilson, Mingli Zhang, Christopher Grey-Wilson, Mingli Zhang, Magnus Lidén, Mingli Zhang, Christopher Grey-Wilson, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Bi-xing Sun, Sylvia M. Phillips, Bi-xing Sun, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Bi-xing Sun, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, Zheng-ping Wang, Chris Stapleton, Bi-xing Sun, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, David J. Mabberley, Yinzheng Wang, Michael G. Gilbert, Hua Peng, Michele Funston, Jin-shuang Ma, Michele Funston, Nianhe Xia, Lawrence A. S. Johnson, Karen L. Wilson, Nianhe Xia, Nicholas J. Turland, Paul A. Gadek, Jie Chen, Susanne S. Renner, Jie Chen, Lyn A. Craven, Dequan Lu, Michael G. Gilbert, Zhi-Yun Zhang, Nikolai N. Tzvelev, Nianhe Xia, Paul A. Gadek, Qiner Yang, Peter Stevens, Ya Tang, Michael G. Gilbert, Laurence J. Dorr, Liguo Fu, Yiqun Xin, Alan Whittemore, Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Peter Stevens, Bingtao Li, Hans-Joachim (Hajo) Esser, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert

Aalius Rumphius ex Kuntze; Breyniopsis Beille; Ceratogynum Wight; Diplomorpha Griffith (1854), not Meisner (1841); Synostemon F. Mueller.

Erect shrubs, rarely herbs or climbers, monoecious or dioecious; indumentum of simple or gland-tipped hairs, often absent. Leaves alternate; stipules small, paired, inserted at bilateral base of petiole; leaf blade simple, entire, pinnately veined or rarely obscurely 3-veined from base, petiolate. Flowers smaller, apetalous. Male flowers axillary or cauliflorous, clustered or solitary, rarely in racemelike thyrses or short cymes; pedicels usually bracteolate at base; calyx discoid, cup-shaped, or turbinate, entire or 6-lobed, lobes obscurely biseriate, imbricate, erect, or spreading, margins slightly thick, with a whorl of scalelike adaxial lobes at bases of calyx lobes, rarely absent; petals absent; stamens 3, opposite outer sepals; filaments usually connate into a short cylinder; anthers free, bilocular, thecae 2, extrorse, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode absent. Female flowers axillary, solitary or paired or with males, rarely inserted at base of male inflorescence; calyx usually 6-parted; sepals biseriate, imbricate, sometimes thickened at fruiting; disk absent; ovary ovoid or depressed globose, truncate or retuse at apex, 3-locular; ovules 2 per locule; styles 3, free or connate at base, much divergent, 2-branched at apex, arms recurved. Fruit a capsule, depressed or ovoid, breaking into 3 2-valved cocci when mature. Seeds not carunculate; endosperm fleshy; cotyledon flattened and broad.

About 56 species: Mascarenes, India, and Sri Lanka to Indo-Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia, and Australia; 15 species (four endemic, one introduced) in China.

The dividing line between Sauropus and the following genus, Breynia, is for the most part rather clear-cut but there are a few species that seem to mix characters of the two genera.


1 Creeping or obliquely ascending herbs; sepals with adaxial gland-pits, male sepal margins distally irregularly crenate; stipules awned.   1 S. bacciformis
+ Erect shrubs; sepals without gland-pits, male sepal margins entire or shallowly undulate; stipules without awns   (2)
       
2 (1) Leaf blade 3-veined   (3)
+ Leaf blade pinnately veined   (4)
       
3 (2) Male inflorescence a raceme; calyx 6-fid to middle, lobes ovate-triangular; female sepals obovate.   2 S. trinervius
+ Male inflorescence an axillary cluster; calyx entire, margins undulate; female sepals broadly ovate.   3 S. repandus
       
4 (2) Inflorescence with distinct main axis, cauliflorous, arising from base or lower part of stem or main branches at ground level; anther connectives forming triangular head with anthers at angles   (5)
+ Inflorescence without distinct axis, in upper axils of branches; anther connectives not enlarged   (6)
       
5 (4) Branches, petioles, and base of leaf blade abaxially pubescent when young; leaves pendent, usually crowded toward stem apex; leaf blade usually spatulate, apex rounded; sepals red or purple.   4 S. spatulifolius
+ Branches, leaf blade abaxially, and petioles glabrous; leaves not pendent, never clustered at stem apex; leaf blade oblong-elliptic, ovate-lanceolate, or oblanceolate, apex acuminate or shortly so; sepals yellow-green with red streaks.   5 S. bonii
       
6 (4) Leaf blade leathery, reticulate veins prominent.   6 S. reticulatus
+ Leaf blade membranous to papery, reticulate veins ± obscure   (7)
       
7 (6) Female pedicels 2-6 cm, to 13 cm in fruit.   7 S. macranthus
+ Female pedicels 0.1-1.5 cm   (8)
       
8 (7) Lateral veins 10-12 pairs, base of midrib on both surfaces and of leaf blade margin equally densely stiffly papillate.   8 S. yanhuianus
+ Lateral veins 4-8 pairs, midrib and leaf blade margin more sparsely papillate   (9)
       
9 (8) Leaf blade papery or thickly papery   (10)
+ Leaf blade membranous or thinly papery   (12)
       
10 (9) Leaf apex rounded, mucronulate.   11 S. similis
+ Leaf apex acuminate or caudate-acuminate   (11)
       
11 (10) Leaf apex acuminate, lateral veins slightly raised on both surfaces; male sepals broadly or obliquely ovate; female sepals ovate.   9 S. pierrei
+ Leaf apex caudate-acuminate, lateral veins adaxially flattened, elevated abaxially; male sepals oblong-lanceolate; female sepals spatulate.   10 S. tsiangii
       
12 (9) Branchlets 4-sided; leaf blade 0.2-2 × 0.2-1.2 cm, apex obtuse, rounded, truncate, or retuse, lateral veins obliquely ascendant; male calyx deeply 6-partite   (13)
+ Branchlets obscurely angular when young, terete with age; leaf blade 2-13 × 1-3.5 cm, apex usually acuminate, rarely acute, lateral veins curved-ascendant; male calyx shallowly 6-fid   (14)
       
13 (12) Branches glabrous; leaf blade apex rounded, not mucronulate, base rounded or broadly cuneate, lateral veins slender.   12 S. quadrangularis
+ Branches pubescent; leaf blade apex rounded, truncate, or retuse, mucronulate, base shallowly cordate, truncate, or rounded, lateral veins more robust, forked at apex, reticulate nerves prominent.   13 S. delavayi
       
14 (12) Branchlets and veins of young leaves puberulent; female sepals ovate or elliptic; leaf blade glaucous; capsules obovoid to ovoid.   14 S. garrettii
+ Branchlets and veins of leaves glabrous; female sepals obovate; leaf blade yellowish green; capsules depressed globose or globose.   15 S. androgynus

Authors: Bingtao Li & Michael G. Gilbert