数据列表:
木棉科 : 植物 | eFloras | 来源:http://www.efloras.org/
木棉科 : 植物 | 中国植物物种信息 | 来源:http://www.plants.csdb.cn/
木棉科 : 植物 | 中国植物物种信息-云南植物志 | 来源:http://www.plants.csdb.cn/
木棉科 : 植物 | 中国种子植物 | 来源:中国种子植物光盘

Efloras
分类等级:科

Bombacaceae

木棉科
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=10113
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 12
11. Bombacaceae

木棉科 mu mian ke

Authors:Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Peter Stevens, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Bingtao Li, Hans-Joachim (Hajo) Esser, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Zhi Wei, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Hang Sun, Les Pedley, Ren Sa, Delin Wu, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Hang Sun, Puhua Huang, Michael G. Gilbert, Mats Thulin, C. Melanie Wilmot-Dear, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Zhi Wei, Les Pedley, Delin Wu, Mats Thulin, Ren Sa, C. Melanie Wilmot-Dear, Langran Xu, Byoung-Hee Choi, Xiangyun Zhu, Stanley L. Welsh, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Delin Wu, Mats Thulin, Bojian Bao, Anthony R. Brach, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Xiangyun Zhu, Kai Larsen, Yingxin Liu, Chang Zhaoyang, Gennady P. Yakovlev, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Ding Hou, Kai Larsen, Supee Saksuwan Larsen, Zhi Wei, Roger M. Polhill, Michael G. Gilbert, Langran Xu, Dietrich Podlech, Xiangyun Zhu, Stanley L. Welsh, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Mats Thulin, Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Henk van der Werff, Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Henk van der Werff, Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Henk van der Werff, Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Henk van der Werff, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Jin Xiaohua, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Paul Ormerod, Xinqi Chen, Yi-Bo Luo, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Paul Ormerod, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Nianhe Xia, Chris Stapleton, Sheng-lian Lu, Sylvia M. Phillips, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, Zhen-lan Wu, Paul M. Peterson, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Mingli Zhang, Christopher Grey-Wilson, Mingli Zhang, Christopher Grey-Wilson, Mingli Zhang, Christopher Grey-Wilson, Mingli Zhang, Magnus Lidén, Mingli Zhang, Magnus Lidén, Mingli Zhang, Christopher Grey-Wilson, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Stephen A. Renvoize, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Sheng-lian Lu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Sheng-lian Lu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Bi-xing Sun, Sylvia M. Phillips, Nianhe Xia, Liang-zhi Jia, Chris Stapleton, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Thomas G. Hartley, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Thomas G. Hartley, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Thomas G. Hartley, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Thomas G. Hartley, Yinzheng Wang, Michael G. Gilbert, Hui Ren, Jun Wen, Liu Quanru, Michele Funston, Liu Quanru, Michele Funston, Jin-shuang Ma, Michele Funston, Cuizhi Gu, Ching-I Peng, Nicholas J. Turland, Ya Tang, Michael G. Gilbert, Laurence J. Dorr

Trees, usually large, often deciduous; trunks sometimes spiny, often buttressed; bark fibrous, with mucilaginous exudates; indumentum usually stellate or tufted. Leaves alternate, spiral; stipules inconspicuous, caducous; petiole pulvinate; leaf blade often palmately compound (simple and lobed in Ochroma), margin often entire. Inflorescences axillary, 1(or 2)-flowered, rarely many-flowered. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic, large and showy. Epicalyx of 3 bracts, inconspicuous and caducous. Calyx shortly cylindrical, truncate, or irregularly 3-5-lobed, sometimes splitting. Petals 5, joined at base with androecium and falling as one unit, imbricate. Stamens usually very many (3-15 in Ceiba); filaments usually united in lower half into a filament tube around style, tube sometimes lobed, with stamens in 5 groups with completely united filaments and sessile anthers; anthers usually 1-celled, apparently 2-celled and non-septate in Ceiba, sometimes many anthers united into an apparent many-celled "super-anther"; pollen usually spheroidal, ± smooth, reticulate; staminodes absent. Ovary superior, syncarpous, carpels usually 5; ovules 2 to many per locule, axile, anatropous; style 5-lobed. Fruit a 5-valved capsule, or hard and indehiscent (e.g., Adansonia), many-seeded with seeds often embedded in endocarp hairs (kapok), less often fruit winged or juicy and few-seeded. Seeds sometimes winged.

About 30 genera and ca. 250 species: found widely in tropics, especially tropical America; three genera (two introduced) and five species (two introduced) in China.

See the comments under the Malvaceae (p. 264) for the relationships of the Bombacaceae.

Durio Adanson was at one time associated with this family but has always been regarded as anomalous and molecular data show it to be most closely related to the Helicteroideae (Sterculiaceae) but so distinct morphologically that it might better be placed in its own family or subfamily. Fruits of Durio zibethinus Murray (榴莲 liu lian, durian) are often available in S China, but attempts to cultivate it in China have not been successful and all fruits are imported from SE Asia.

Adansonia digitata Linnaeus (African baobab tree, 猴面包树 hou mian bao shu) and Ochroma pyramidale (Cavanilles ex Lamarck) Urban (O. lagopus Swartz, 轻木 qing mu, noteworthy as the source of the extremely lightweight timber, balsa) are only found in botanical gardens and do not merit full treatments.

Li Hen. 1984. Bombacaceae. In: Feng Kuo-mei, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 49(2): 102-112.


1 Leaves simple, evergreen   (2)
+ Leaves palmately 5-11-foliolate, often deciduous (evergreen in Pachira)   (3)
       
2 (2) Leaf blade palmately veined, dentate; capsule without spines; seeds surrounded by dense wool Ochroma (see note above)   (2)
+ Leaf blade pinnately veined, entire; capsule with robust spines; seeds surrounded by strongly scented edible flesh. ------ Durio   (1)
       
3 (3) Pedicel more than 30 cm; capsule not dehiscent; seeds enclosed in edible pulp. ------Adansonia   (3)
+ Pedicel less than 10 cm; capsule dehiscent; seeds often enclosed in wool   (4)
       
4 (3) Stamens 3-15; calyx persistent after flowering.   3 Ceiba
+ Stamens more than 40; calyx deciduous   (5)
       
5 (4) Stamens in many fascicles, each fascicle with 7-10 stamens; calyx truncate, adaxially glabrous; seeds 2.2-2.5 cm, not immersed in hairs; trees to 5 m; leaflets subsessile or with petiolule less than 0.4 cm.   1 Pachira
+ Stamens not in fascicles or in 5 fascicles, each with more than 10 stamens; calyx toothed, adaxially hairy; seeds to 0.5 cm, immersed in hairs; trees to 25 m; leaflets with petiolule 1-4 cm.   2 Bombax

Authors: Ya Tang, Michael G. Gilbert & Laurence J. Dorr