毛麝香属 mao she xiang shu
Herbs, erect or creeping, blackened when dry, villous with eglandular hairs, some with glandular hairs, frequently aromatic. Leaves opposite; leaf blade glandular punctate, margin serrate. Flowers short pedicellate or sessile, in racemes, spikes, or heads, sometimes solitary in axils of apical leaves. Bracteoles 2. Calyx deeply 5-lobed; upper lobe usually large. Corolla tubular; limb 2-lipped; lower lip spreading flat, 3(or 4)-lobed; upper lip erect, emarginate or entire. Stamens 4, didynamous, included; anther locules separate, short stipitate. Style entire or 2-lobed, apex dilated. Capsule ovoid to ellipsoid, septifragal, 4-valved, apex beaked. Seeds numerous, minute; seed coat reticulate.
About 15 species: S and SE Asia, China, Pacific Islands; four species in China.
Flowers many, in globose or cylindric spikes
1 Adenosma indianum
Flowers solitary in leaf axils, or in terminal racemes.
Stems decumbent or creeping
2 Adenosma javanicum
Stems erect, sometimes basally slightly curved to decumbent.
Plants 30-100 cm tall; corolla 9-28 mm, upper lip lobes entire or emarginate
3 Adenosma glutinosum
Plants 3-35 cm tall; corolla ca. 4.5 mm, upper lip lobes deeply emarginate or notched
4 Adenosma retusilobum