数据列表:
石蒜科 : 植物 | eFloras | 来源:http://www.efloras.org/
石蒜科 : 植物 | 中国植物物种信息 | 来源:http://www.plants.csdb.cn/
石蒜科 : 植物 | 中国植物物种信息-云南植物志 | 来源:http://www.plants.csdb.cn/
石蒜科 : 植物 | 中国种子植物 | 来源:中国种子植物光盘

Efloras
分类等级:科

Amaryllidaceae

石蒜科
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=10032
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 24
13. Amaryllidaceae Jaume Saint Hilaire

石蒜科 shi suan ke

Authors:Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Thomas G. Hartley, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Thomas G. Hartley, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Zhanhe Ji, Brigitta E. E. Duyfjes, Jenny Qiuyun Xiang, David E. Boufford, Delin Wu, Kai Larsen, Jiarui Chen, Dennis W. Stevenson, Tingzhi Xu, Yousheng Chen, Piet C. de Jong, Herman John Oterdoom, Chin-Sung Chang, Shumei Huang, Jin Murata, Chih-chi Ting, Michael G. Gilbert, Dezhi Fu, John H. Wiersema, Qiner Yang, Gordon C. Tucker, Guofang Wu, Kai Larsen, Prof. Zhiduan Chen, Jun Wen, Haining Qin, Shirley A. Graham, Michael G. Gilbert, Anmin Lu, Allan J. Bornstein, Nianhe Xia, Anthony R. Brach, Dequan Lu, Kai Larsen, Jin-tang Pan, Cuizhi Gu, Shumei Huang, Chao-fen Wei, Shu-ying Jin, Lingdi Lu, Shinobu Akiyama, Crinan Alexander, Bruce Bartholomew, James Cullen, Richard J. Gornall, Ulla-Maj Hultgård, Hideaki Ohba, Douglas E. Soltis, Yuhu Liu, Nianhe Xia, Liu Yuhu, Richard M. K. Saunders, Bingtao Li, Petra Hoffmann, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Bingtao Li, Hans-Joachim (Hajo) Esser, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Puhua Huang, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Bingtao Li, Gordon D. McPherson, Delin Wu, Mats Thulin, Bingtao Li, Hans-Joachim (Hajo) Esser, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Bingtao Li, Hans-Joachim (Hajo) Esser, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Langran Xu, Byoung-Hee Choi, Puhua Huang, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Kai Larsen, Hang Sun, Mats Thulin, Hang Sun, Michael A. Vincent, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Mats Thulin, Jianqiang Li, Hang Sun, Zhi Wei, Roger M. Polhill, Michael G. Gilbert, Xiangyun Zhu, Kai Larsen, Zhi Wei, Les Pedley, Puhua Huang, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Paul Ormerod, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Yi-Bo Luo, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Paul Ormerod, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Paul Ormerod, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Yi-Bo Luo, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Yi-Bo Luo, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Paul Ormerod, Jiarui Chen, Peter C. Hoch, Warren L. Wagner, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zheng-de Zhu, Yang Guangyao, Chris Stapleton, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Mingli Zhang, Christopher Grey-Wilson, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Nianhe Xia, Liang-zhi Jia, Chris Stapleton, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Bi-xing Sun, Sylvia M. Phillips, Sheng-lian Lu, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Thomas G. Hartley, Zhanhe Ji, Alan W. Meerow

Herbs perennial, rarely shrubby or treelike, often with bulbs, corms, rhizomes, or tubers. Leaves basal or cauline, often narrow, margin entire or spiny. Inflorescence a terminal spike, umbel, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic, usually subtended by 1 to several spathaceous involucres. Perianth segments 6, in 2 whorls, free or connate to form a short tube, with or without a corona. Stamens 6, inserted at perianth throat or at base of segments; filaments sometimes basally connate; anther dorsifixed or basifixed, mostly introrse. Ovary inferior, 3-loculed; ovules few to many per locule; placentation axile. Style slender; stigma capitate or 3-lobed. Fruit a capsule, usually loculicidal, sometimes dehiscing irregularly, rarely a berry. Seeds with endosperm.

More than 100 genera and 1200 species: tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions worldwide; ten genera and 34 species (14 endemic, four introduced) in China.

Qian Xiao-hu, Chen Sing-chi, Hsu Yin, Hu Zhi-bi, Huang Xiu-lan & Fan Quan-jin. 1985. Amaryllidaceae. In: Pei Chien & Ting Chih-tsun, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 16(1): 1--42.


1 Leaves grooved   10 Acanthochlamys
+ Leaves not grooved.   (2)
       
2 (1) Leaves fleshy and thick, with a spinelike apex and often with sharp, marginal teeth; perianth tube present; ovary beakless   7 Agave
+ Leaves neither fleshy nor thick, never spiny; perianth tube absent or very short; ovary sometimes narrowly beaked.   (3)
       
3 (2) Plants with corms, rhizomes, tubers, or fleshy, fibrous roots; flowering stem leafy or bracteate.   (4)
+ Plants with bulbs or a bulblike base formed by persistent leaf bases; flowering stem scapose, leafless except for involucre enclosing strictly terminal umbel, sometimes 1-flowered.   (6)
       
4 (3) Rootstock a bulblike corm covered with a tunic; perianth white or pale blue   6 Ixiolirion
+ Rootstock a tuberous rhizome or corm covered with fibers; perianth yellow (color not recorded for Curculigo sinensis).   (5)
       
5 (4) Fruit a berry; inflorescences usually many flowered   8 Curculigo
+ Fruit a capsule; inflorescences 1- or 2-flowered   9 Hypoxis
       
6 (3) Corona present   5 Narcissus
+ Corona absent.   (7)
       
7 (6) Filaments basally connate into a cup or with free scales among them.   (8)
+ Filaments free, without scales among them.   (9)
       
8 (7) Filaments basally connate into a cup   3 Pancratium
+ Filaments with free scales among them   4 Lycoris
       
9 (7) Fibers not visible in broken bulbs and leaves; flowers solitary   1 Zephyranthes
+ Fibers visible in broken bulbs and leaves; flowers several to many   2 Crinum

Authors: Zhanhe Ji & Alan W. Meerow