数据列表:
雀稗属 : 植物 | eFloras | 来源:http://www.efloras.org/
雀稗属 : 植物 | 中国植物物种信息 | 来源:http://www.plants.csdb.cn/
雀稗属 : 植物 | 中国植物物种信息-云南植物志 | 来源:http://www.plants.csdb.cn/
雀稗属 : 植物 | 中国种子植物 | 来源:中国种子植物光盘

Efloras
所属科:Poaceae
父拉丁名:Poaceae
分类等级:属

Paspalum

雀稗属
Accepted Name
原始页面连接:www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=124125
出处:Flora of China
所在卷:FOC Vol. 22
169. Paspalum Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 2: 855. 1759.

雀稗属 que bai shu

Authors:Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Peter Stevens, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Bingtao Li, Hans-Joachim (Hajo) Esser, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Zhi Wei, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Hang Sun, Les Pedley, Ren Sa, Delin Wu, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Hang Sun, Puhua Huang, Michael G. Gilbert, Mats Thulin, C. Melanie Wilmot-Dear, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Zhi Wei, Les Pedley, Delin Wu, Mats Thulin, Ren Sa, C. Melanie Wilmot-Dear, Langran Xu, Byoung-Hee Choi, Xiangyun Zhu, Stanley L. Welsh, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Delin Wu, Mats Thulin, Bojian Bao, Anthony R. Brach, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Xiangyun Zhu, Kai Larsen, Yingxin Liu, Chang Zhaoyang, Gennady P. Yakovlev, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Ding Hou, Kai Larsen, Supee Saksuwan Larsen, Zhi Wei, Roger M. Polhill, Michael G. Gilbert, Langran Xu, Dietrich Podlech, Xiangyun Zhu, Stanley L. Welsh, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Mats Thulin, Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Henk van der Werff, Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Henk van der Werff, Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Henk van der Werff, Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Henk van der Werff, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Jin Xiaohua, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Paul Ormerod, Xinqi Chen, Yi-Bo Luo, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Paul Ormerod, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Nianhe Xia, Chris Stapleton, Sheng-lian Lu, Sylvia M. Phillips, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, Zhen-lan Wu, Paul M. Peterson, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Mingli Zhang, Christopher Grey-Wilson, Mingli Zhang, Christopher Grey-Wilson, Mingli Zhang, Christopher Grey-Wilson, Mingli Zhang, Magnus Lidén, Mingli Zhang, Magnus Lidén, Mingli Zhang, Christopher Grey-Wilson, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Stephen A. Renvoize, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Sheng-lian Lu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Sheng-lian Lu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Bi-xing Sun, Sylvia M. Phillips, Nianhe Xia, Liang-zhi Jia, Chris Stapleton, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Thomas G. Hartley, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Thomas G. Hartley, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Thomas G. Hartley, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Thomas G. Hartley, Yinzheng Wang, Michael G. Gilbert, Hui Ren, Jun Wen, Liu Quanru, Michele Funston, Liu Quanru, Michele Funston, Jin-shuang Ma, Michele Funston, Cuizhi Gu, Ching-I Peng, Nicholas J. Turland, Ya Tang, Michael G. Gilbert, Laurence J. Dorr, Wei-liang Ma, Bruce Bartholomew, Tianlu Min, Anthony R. Brach, Shu-kun Chen, Sir Ghillean (Iain) T. Prance, Shugang Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Frank White, Shugang Li, Langran Xu, Dezhao Chen, Xiangyun Zhu, Puhua Huang, Zhi Wei, Ren Sa, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Bojian Bao, Delin Wu, Hang Sun, Gao Xinfen, Supee S. Larsen, Ivan Nielsen, Dieter Podlech, Yingxin Liu, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Chang Zhaoyang, Kai Larsen, Jianqiang Li, Stanley L. Welsh, Michael A. Vincent, Mingli Zhang, Michael G. Gilbert, Les Pedley, Brian D. Schrire, Gennady P. Yakovlev, Mats Thulin, Ivan C. Nielsen, Byoung-Hee Choi, Nicholas J. Turland, Roger M. Polhill, Supee Saksuwan Larsen, Ding Hou, Yu Iokawa, C. Melanie Wilmot-Dear, Gregory Kenicer, Tomoyuki Nemoto, J. Michael Lock, Alfonso Delgado Salinas, Tatiana E. Kramina, Anthony R. Brach, Bruce Bartholomew, Dmitry D. Sokoloff, Shugang Li, Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Puhua Huang, Fa-Nan Wei, Hongbin Cui, Henk van der Werff, Delin Wu, Helen Kennedy, Huaxing Qiu, Paul Hiepko, Hua Peng, Wm. Wayt Thomas, Bruce Bartholomew, Jenny Qiuyun Xiang, David E. Boufford, Liu Quanru, Lihua Zhou, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Bingtao Li, Stefan Dressler, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Bingtao Li, Hans-Joachim (Hajo) Esser, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Hang Sun, Bruce Bartholomew, Zhi Wei, Michael A. Vincent, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Kai Larsen, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Ding Hou, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Mats Thulin, Dezhao Chen, Les Pedley, Puhua Huang, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Les Pedley, Jianqiang Li, Roger M. Polhill, Michael G. Gilbert, Bojian Bao, Nicholas J. Turland, Zhi Wei, Les Pedley, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Ding Hou, Zhi Wei, Les Pedley, Langran Xu, Kai Larsen, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Puhua Huang, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Langran Xu, Byoung-Hee Choi, Zhi Wei, Les Pedley, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Kai Larsen, Delin Wu, Ivan C. Nielsen, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Ding Hou, Kai Larsen, Supee Saksuwan Larsen, Bojian Bao, Nicholas J. Turland, Gregory Kenicer, Puhua Huang, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Puhua Huang, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Tomoyuki Nemoto, Puhua Huang, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Yu Iokawa, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Ding Hou, Bojian Bao, Nicholas J. Turland, Bojian Bao, Kai Larsen, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Hang Sun, Michael A. Vincent, Dezhao Chen, Les Pedley, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Hang Sun, Bruce Bartholomew, Puhua Huang, Henk van der Werff, Puhua Huang, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Dudley Clayton, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Zhanhe Ji, Guanghua Zhu, Liu Zhongjian, Yi-Bo Luo, Jin Xiaohua, Jeffrey J. Wood, Phillip J. Cribb, Stephan W. Gale, Jaap J. Vermeulen, Paul Ormerod, Howard P. Wood, Dudley Clayton, Alexandra Bell, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Yi-Bo Luo, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Jiarui Chen, Peter C. Hoch, Peter H. Raven, Hua Peng, David J. Mabberley, Bi-xing Sun, Sylvia M. Phillips, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, Zheng-ping Wang, Chris Stapleton, Liang Liu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Sheng-lian Lu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Bi-xing Sun, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Sheng-lian Lu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Liang Liu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Sheng-lian Lu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Liang Liu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Mingli Zhang, Magnus Lidén, Yinzheng Wang, David Hearn, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Paul M. Peterson, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Sheng-lian Lu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Liang Liu, Nikolai N. Tzvelev, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, De-Zhu Li, Chris Stapleton, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Bi-xing Sun, Sylvia M. Phillips, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Supee Saksuwan Larsen, Michael A. Vincent, Dezhao Chen, Les Pedley, Dequan Lu, Heidrun E. K. Hartmann, Shu-kun Chen, Haiying Ma, Yuxing Feng, Gabrielle Barriera, Pierre-André Loizeau, Zhengyi Wu, Zhe-Kun Zhou, Bruce Bartholomew, Dezhi Fu, Peter K. Endress, Haining Qin, Anthony R. Brach, Ruizheng Fang, Constance Lincoln, Delin Wu, W. John Kress, Bingtao Li, Thomas K. Wilson, Liu Quanru, Mark Watson, Tianlu Min, Bruce Bartholomew, Hua Peng, Michael G. Gilbert, De-Zhu Li, Cai Jie, Jun Wen, Prof. Zhiduan Chen, Hui Ren, Jun Wen, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Bingtao Li, Stefan Dressler, Huaxing Qiu, Michael G. Gilbert, Bingtao Li, Hans-Joachim (Hajo) Esser, Bingtao Li, Michael G. Gilbert, Zhi Wei, Michael G. Gilbert, Delin Wu, Mats Thulin, Bojian Bao, Nicholas J. Turland, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Langran Xu, Mingli Zhang, Dietrich Podlech, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Mats Thulin, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Ding Hou, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Ding Hou, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Ding Hou, Puhua Huang, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Bojian Bao, Michael A. Vincent, Delin Wu, Mats Thulin, Jianqiang Li, Hang Sun, Roger M. Polhill, Michael G. Gilbert, Hang Sun, Brian D. Schrire, Bojian Bao, Michael G. Gilbert, Zhi Wei, Michael G. Gilbert, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Kai Larsen, Langran Xu, Xiangyun Zhu, Bojian Bao, Mingli Zhang, Hang Sun, Dietrich Podlech, Stanley L. Welsh, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Kai Larsen, Anthony R. Brach, Puhua Huang, Hiroyoshi Ohashi, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Kai Larsen, Hang Sun, Bruce Bartholomew, Xiangyun Zhu, Kai Larsen, Zhi Wei, Les Pedley, Dezhao Chen, Les Pedley, Zhi Wei, Les Pedley, Dezhao Chen, Prof. Dianxiang Zhang, Mats Thulin, Delin Wu, Mats Thulin, Ren Sa, Michael G. Gilbert, Delin Wu, Mats Thulin, Delin Wu, Mats Thulin, Delin Wu, Mats Thulin, Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Henk van der Werff, Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Henk van der Werff, Xi-wen Li, Jie Li, Henk van der Werff, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Phillip J. Cribb, Stephan W. Gale, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Yi-Bo Luo, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Xinqi Chen, Jeffrey J. Wood, Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale, Phillip J. Cribb, Jiarui Chen, Peter C. Hoch, Peter H. Raven, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Bi-xing Sun, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Stephen A. Renvoize, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Liang Liu, Nikolai N. Tzvelev, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Liang Liu, Guanghua Zhu, Klaus Ammann, Bi-xing Sun, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Zhen-lan Wu, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips, Shou-liang Chen, Sylvia M. Phillips

Perennials or annuals. Culms tufted, or with creeping rhizomes and stolons. Leaf blades linear or narrowly lanceolate, flat; ligule membranous. Inflorescence composed of single, digitate or scattered racemes; rachis flat, often winged; spikelets single or paired, pedicellate in 2–4 rows, densely crowded, lower lemma abaxial. Spikelets orbicular, ovate or elliptic plano-convex; lower glume absent or rarely present as a small scale; upper glume as long as spikelet or nearly so, rarely absent, convex, membranous to subpapery, 3–7-veined; lower lemma resembling upper glume, flat, neuter without palea; upper lemma usually coriaceous to crustaceous, rarely softer, margins inrolled, apex obtuse to apiculate. x = 10.

About 330 species:tropical and warm-temperate regions, especially in the New World; 16 species (two endemic, eight introduced) in China.

This genus includes a number of good forage grasses and also some widespread weeds.


1 Spikelets with a marginal ciliate fringe of silky hairs; hairs 1–2 mm   (2)
+ Spikelets glabrous or pubescent, without a marginal fringe of silky hairs   (5)
       
2 (1) Racemes 2, paired; stoloniferous perennial.   1 P. conjugatum
+ Racemes usually more than 2, spread along an axis   (3)
       
3 (2) Spikelets 3–4 mm; upper floret equal to 2/3 length of spikelet.   2 P. dilatatum
+ Spikelets 2–3 mm; upper floret equal to or only slightly shorter than spikelet   (4)
       
4 (3) Spikelets light green or purplish, ovate; upper glume pubescent, fringed along whole length.   3 P. urvillei
+ Spikelets brown, obovate; upper glume puberulous, fringed only above middle.   4 P. virgatum
       
5 (1) Upper glume and lower lemma broadly winged along margins.   5 P. fimbriatum
+ Upper glume and lower lemma not winged   (6)
       
6 (5) Both glumes absent; upper lemma papery, with conspicuous riblike veins.   6 P. malacophyllum
+ Upper glume present; upper lemma cartilaginous or coriaceous, with obscure veins   (7)
       
7 (6) Plants with long stolons and/or rhizomes; racemes 2(–3), paired, the spikelets borne singly; spikelets lanceolate to ovate or obovate   (8)
+ Plants tufted; racemes up to 20 along a common axis, the spikelets single or paired; spikelets broadly elliptic, obovate or suborbicular   (10)
       
8 (7) Plant with robust woody rhizomes; upper glume and lower lemma cartilaginous and shiny, obtuse.   7 P. notatum
+ Plant with slender stolons; upper glume and lower lemma papery, acute   (9)
       
9 (8) Upper glume pubescent; spikelets plano-convex, obovate-oblong.   8 P. distichum
+ Upper glume glabrous; spikelets strongly flattened, lanceolate-oblong.   9 P. vaginatum
       
10 (7) Fertile floret dark glossy brown at maturity; spikelets usually glabrous   (11)
+ Fertile floret yellowish green to pale brown at maturity; spikelets pubescent or glabrous   (13)
       
11 (10) Lower lemma conspicuously rugose inside margins; spikelets paired.   10 P. plicatulum
+ Lower lemma usually smooth, occasionally slightly rugose; spikelets usually single, occasionally paired   (12)
       
12 (11) Pedicels glabrous; nodes, culm apex and leaf blades often glabrous.   11 P. scrobiculatum
+ Pedicels pilose; nodes, culm apex and leaf blades densely hairy.   12 P. hirsutum
       
13 (10) Spikelets 1–1.5 mm.   13 P. paniculatum
+ Spikelets 2–3 mm   (14)
       
14 (13) Rachis 2–4 mm wide; spikelets 2–2.5 mm, paired, pubescent.   14 P. longifolium
+ Rachis 1–1.5 mm wide; spikelets 2.5–3 mm, single or loosely paired   (15)
       
15 (14) Upper glume pubescent especially along the margins; leaf blades hirsute, 5–8 mm wide.   15 P. thunbergii
+ Upper glume glabrous; leaf blades glabrous, 3–4 mm wide.   16 P. delavayi

Authors: Shou-liang Chen & Sylvia M. Phillips